Pine is a valuable coniferous culture that not only has a majestic and beautiful appearance, but is also a wonderful and useful natural air flavoring agent. With proper planting and proper care, the pine tree will decorate the site and delight its owners for many decades.
Transplanting a young coniferous tree from the nearest forest to your territory seems simple at first glance. Without appropriate experience in this matter, when digging out a seedling, you can damage the delicate roots and further planting in a new place, most likely, will end in the death of the pine. The thing is that only this coniferous beauty is endowed with a root system with one feature. When removing a young tree from the soil, its delicate roots cannot be outdoors for more than fifteen minutes. After exceeding this time interval, the roots of the tree die.
A place for planting pine should be chosen in an open, sunny area with light soil. Fertile and humus-rich soil will not work for this plant. When purchasing a coniferous seedling or digging it up on your own in a forest, it is necessary that the roots of the tree are during transportation along with an earthen clod and be wrapped in a damp cloth.
Planting a pine tree
If the tree planting site is located in an area with a high clay content, then it is recommended to fill the bottom of the planting hole with a drainage layer. It can consist of expanded clay, coarse river sand, broken brick or pebbles. The thickness of the drainage layer is at least 20-25 cm. Before planting, the pit must be watered abundantly and fertilized. Fertilizer "Kemira universal" is applied in the amount of 100 g for each seedling, and nitrogen-containing fertilizer - about 50 g.
When purchasing black pine or its varieties, it is necessary to choose a land plot with a neutral or slightly alkaline soil composition. In areas with acidic soil, you can add about 300 grams of lime to the planting hole, which neutralizes excess acidity. Lime must be thoroughly mixed with the ground in the hole, then poured abundantly with water and a tree can be planted.
It is recommended to plant seedlings in even rows with a distance between plantings depending on the type of coniferous trees. Between low-growing species, at least 1.5 m should be left, and between tall ones - approximately 4 m.
When planting mountain pine seedlings, you do not have to worry about the composition of the soil at the planting site, since this variety can grow in any area, even on rocky terrain. Pine of this species is frost-resistant, and also has strong immunity and resists pests and diseases. Mountain pines of dwarf species feel most favorably on personal plots, and are also an indispensable element of decor in the implementation of the ideas of landscape designers.
When to plant a pine
In order to see a coniferous plant in all its glory, you need to choose the most favorable time for planting it. Pine can be planted in spring and fall. In the spring - this is the end of April - early May, and in the fall - the end of August - early September. It is very important for autumn planting that the tree has time to take root before the onset of frost, then the seedling can survive the winter without complications.
When purchasing a pine seedling in a nursery, you can get advice from experienced specialists. They will tell you in detail about the planting procedure, maintenance conditions and rules for caring for a coniferous tree, and also advise the most suitable variety for the available land plot. For example, fast growing varieties are most suitable for planting near the house.
How to plant a coniferous plant correctly
Regardless of the reason why pine pruning is done, the ways to shorten branches to contain growth are common, namely:
Thinning the crown implies the removal of branches in whole or in part to remove excess shoots or give the desired shape. Shortening or pinching means removing part of the shoot. Basically, this procedure is carried out in late May or early June. Stretching branches means fixing branches in a certain position.
After the pruning procedure is completed, the trees need to be properly cared for. It is necessary to make top dressing, mineral fertilizers, and also provide high-quality watering.
Any owner of a country house or suburban area thinks about planting trees. Fruit trees are most often found in the garden, but it is better to equip the landscape of the adjacent territory with the help of conifers. We invite you to find out how to plant a pine tree in autumn.
In order to plant a tree on your site, you need planting material. Of course, you can grow it yourself, but it's easier to purchase it in a nursery or dig it up in the nearest forest. The most favorable time for planting such trees is April or September. This planting time helps them to root well and gain strength.
It is necessary to transplant a young pine tree with a piece of land so as not to damage the fresh shoots of the roots, which help in the nutrition of the plant. If you find yourself in the forest in the summer, and you want to dig out a pine tree you like for transplanting, do not rush to do this, it is better to mark the place before the fall. In the summer, a phase of active growth begins, so the sprout may die.
But if, after all, it is unbearable, and you are afraid not to remember the place, then carefully dig it out, taking part of the earth with roots. After transplanting, it is necessary to cover the plant, which will help to suspend its growth somewhat and increase the chances of survival.
Before planting the selected seedling, you should pay attention to the place where the pine will grow later. Do not forget that a tree can reach considerable size, so the area must be large. The pine tree cannot be simply planted in soil.
Choosing a place for pine on the site
The land needs to be prepared, to make it looser. To achieve this effect, a drainage layer of sand, elements of stones and an admixture of fertile soil about 20 cm high is laid on the bottom of the pit. This will ensure a good outflow of water and the roots will not rot.
Watch the video: How to plant and transplant a pine tree, protecting plants from tree pests
Pine roots should be at a depth of half a meter. The pit is being prepared before the intended landing, with a depth of about 70 centimeters. It is advisable that the seedling is not outside the planting for a long time. If you doubt the nutritional value of the soil and decide to add fertilizers, then it is best to take a compost mixture in a summer cottage or coniferous fertilizers.
After you have completed all the preparatory work, you can go for the seedling. To dig up a shoot, you will need water and a cloth, the size of which should be enough to accommodate the roots at the same time as a lump of earth and tie them up. Remember that when exposed, the pine root can die after 10-15 minutes. The seedling is planted along with the cloth. This method helps not to destroy the root system, the tissue will rot over time and become a fertilizer itself.
When planting, the hole is poured with half a bucket of water, and the seedling is lowered. Pay attention to where the root branch of the tree is, it must be left at the same level, so if a sagging position occurs, drainage material should be added to the pit.
After planting on top, the layer of earth is mulched with needles, collected along the way in the forest or any other natural materials, so that the earth does not dry out and does not coarse. In addition, mulch eventually becomes a fertilizer, and the needles from the forest also serve as an antiseptic that repels harmful insects.
Pine mulching needles
Now you know how to properly plant a pine tree in the country. This tree will become a real decoration of the summer cottage at any time of the year.
How to prepare planting material and land
You can stock up on pine seeds in the forest or in a proven nursery. When collecting cones yourself, you need to take into account some features. Pine cones mature in the fall, but some species can remain viable until spring. Pine cones are male and female. The latter are larger and grow much higher.
It is necessary to choose cones of brown or lilac color, in which the seeds have already matured.
The collected material should be placed in a room in the sun to dry so that the scales open and release the seeds. With an increase in temperature, the process will go faster, but in order not to destroy the seed, you should not heat the cones more than 45 degrees.
To test the germination of seeds, they should be placed in a container of water and those that slowly sink are suitable for sowing. After the test, the pine seeds should be dried and stored in a dry place until planting.
Pine tree care
Pines do not need a special shearing. If you need to slow down the growth of a tree and want the crown to be thicker, then it is enough to break off the young branches with your fingers about a third of their length.
Almost all types of pine additional watering is not needed, this is an exceptionally drought-resistant plant, and the fallen needles under the tree help to retain moisture. The exception is the Rumelian pine. This is a moisture-loving tree, it must be watered 2-3 times per season (about 15-20 liters per plant).
You will also need additional autumn watering (after the end of leaf fall) newly planted seedlings. Moist soil freezes less, so the risk of burning needles in the spring (and this is possible, the crown of pines wakes up early, and because of the frozen soil, the roots of the plant do not provide enough moisture) will be much less.
Top dressing is necessary for young seedlings in the first two years after planting. To do this, mineral fertilizers (approximately 40 g / m²) are applied to the tree trunk at least once a year. In the future, for the normal development of the pine, there will be enough organic fertilizers accumulated in the coniferous litter under it.
For normal development, the pine will have enough organic fertilizers accumulated in the coniferous litter.
Shelter for the winter
Adult trees are winter-hardy, but young pines (and some ornamental species) should be covered for the winter to avoid sunburn. For this purpose, spruce branches are used. They cover the crowns of seedlings at the end of autumn and do not remove it until mid-August. Also, as an option, you can use rare burlap or special covers.
Wrap trees with thick material or polyethylene it is impossible - such "protection" will lead to damping off of seedlings.
How to plant a pine tree correctly
Before planting, a huge number of questions can usually arise, where to plant, when, and, in fact, what. Yes, you can choose a seedling in the nursery and bring it to your site. But since there is no nursery nearby, but a pine forest flaunts nearby, then why not take advantage of this.
When is the best time to plant
Any gardener knows that all trees are planted either in spring or autumn. The same applies to pine. Many people prefer spring planting, so that the root system has time to get stronger by winter. But in this case, you need to guess the moment when the time for active growth has not yet come, then you can damage the seedling.
Most of the trees are planted in the middle of autumn, this is the most appropriate time. All life processes slow down, the plants are preparing for winter dormancy. This is where you need to act. If you plant a pine tree in mid or late September, then by winter its roots will have time to get stronger.
A dangerous but possible time for a transplant is summer. There is an active growth, the roots of a young tree develop, absorbing nutrients from the soil. And here, imagine, we with our shovel, carelessly pull out the roots from the ground and leave them in the hot sun. This is destructive for the pine.
What to plant - the choice of a seedling
An amazing pine tree, it can grow in very arid climates with harsh winters. Many species endure dangerous environmental disasters associated with air pollution.
All these properties have made this type of conifers especially popular, seedlings can be purchased in many nurseries. It is there that they are advised to acquire them. Most often, a young tree brought from the forest does not take root and it happens that it dies in the same year.
It is best to come to the nursery yourself and choose a seedling in a pot with a closed root system. He must be between three and five years old. Such a tree, with proper planting and care, will take root with you one hundred percent.
If you nevertheless decide to dig a tree yourself, then you need to remove it from the soil as carefully as possible and transport it to the planting site. In this case, you need to leave a large clod of earth and cover the root system with something. Many people dig up young pines growing on the slopes, with almost bare roots and not very even trunks. Of course, for such trees, transplanting to a flat area with fertile soil and care will be a real salvation.
How to plant - site preparation and soil selection
You, of course, have noticed that in the wild, pine trees grow in any place, on a variety of soils. Where the seed does not fall, and how the tree then adapts.
You can find mighty tall pines in a coniferous forest, with a root system deeply embedded in the soil, or you can be amazed at how on mountain slopes the trees cling to stones and nevertheless continue to grow.
You need to choose a place on the site for a new guest, but know that the first summer you will need to shade the seedling, otherwise it can easily burn out in the sun.
It is not worth choosing lowland places for pine trees, where there is stagnant water or underground groundwater is close. A small tree with a still undeveloped root system will not be afraid of the presence of groundwater, but in the process of root growth, when they reach moisture, they will probably begin to rot and the tree will soon die.
A good place to plant would be a small hillock in a sunny spot on your site with sandy or sandy loam soil. You can plant a pine tree not far from fruit trees, just not too close so as not to interfere with their roots.
Planting a pine tree
I want to give good advice, many do not know about this, whether you are going to the forest for a seedling or looked after it in the nearest nursery, prepare the planting hole in advance. So the plant will not wait with open roots, especially, of course, this applies to wild young growth.
The width and depth of the pit depends
- from where the seedling will be taken, for forest ones you need a hole of 60x60 cm and a depth of at least 80, since you will dig the plant with a large clod of earth.
- from the quality of the soil, on heavy loam, drainage needs to be done, this is another thirty centimeters deep in order to pour sand.
Organic fertilizer is added to the finished pit in the form of well-rotted compost. For drainage, you need clean river sand with an admixture of forest land, the upper, fertile layer. Already in the pit, everything is well mixed and left to shrink.
The choice of planting material - we go for a seedling
With trees from the nursery, everything is simple, there you will receive advice on planting and care. But still, pay attention to the condition of the needles, it should not be yellow, and the branches should be elastic and not break. It so happens that the tree has already died, but it still retains its original attractive appearance and no one knows about its death.
To dig up a forest pine, you need to prepare more thoroughly, take with you a bucket, a shovel, some kind of cloth, a rag or a piece of polyethylene.
When choosing a seedling, do not chase the size. It is not worth digging more than a meter, the root will be longer and during digging it will probably be damaged, it will take root worse, and it is not very convenient to transport such.
Having chosen a suitable pine tree, you need to around, stepping back from the trunk by thirty centimeters, dig in with a shovel and water it abundantly, wait until the water is absorbed. We need this manipulation in order for the moist earthy clod to adhere well to the roots.
Then we gently bring the shovel under the roots and, like a lever, raise it, taking the tree out of the ground. A piece of polyethylene or other material should already be spread nearby. We unload the tree together with the earthen lump onto it and wrap it tightly. The pine root system in the open air very quickly dies, so we observe all the precautions.
We brought the seedling to the site and now we need to correctly estimate the size of the hole so that it is not too small or large. If necessary, adjust the depth and pour water there, somewhere on the floor of the hole. Immediately we place our pine tree in the water, so the roots will expand faster and better.
Then we fill up the hole, crush the soil around a little and spill it well with water again, so the soil will be compacted better and there will be no voids.
When planting, see that the root collar should be flush with the soil.
After planting, ideally, you need to mulch the trunk circle so that moisture evaporates less, and you can also free yourself from weeding. As mulch, you can prepare straw or the same pine needles brought from the forest.
If you have several seedlings, then plant them at a distance of at least four meters from each other, keep in mind that the trees will soon become powerful mature pines.
Pine care after planting
All caring for a young tree is reduced to watering, removing weeds. If a pine tree is planted in May, then in summer during hot hours it needs to be shaded, you can cover it with non-woven fabric.
By winter, a young tree, despite its winter hardiness, is also better to insulate, add humus and cover it with spruce branches.
Reproduction of pines
Three methods are used for reproduction:
- By cuttings
Most often, seedlings in nurseries are obtained precisely through seed propagation. Although this process is not fast, this method produces the strongest seedlings.
The seeds are planted in special boxes with loose soil at a distance of five cm from each other, sprinkled with peat and germinated. Only a year later, seedlings are obtained, which can already be planted.
When to plant and purchase a seedling
Any plants are planted in two possible seasons - spring and autumn. Trees can also be planted during dormant periods, that is, in winter. However, this is a very difficult method, since the young tree must be pulled out of the ground with special care without damaging the root system.
The period of active growth in pine begins at the time of the growth of young shoots and lasts until the shoots are covered with bark. Plant a pine tree from the forest in the fall, during this period rooting is faster.
A seedling for planting at home can be found independently in the forest, bought or grown from seeds:
- The most difficult way to get a seedling is from seed, as this can take several years (about 2-4 years).
- Purchasing pine from a nursery is the easiest way to obtain planting material. Since a tree prepared by knowledgeable people will definitely be of a suitable age for planting, and the pine root system is not damaged.
- The way to find a seedling in the forest seems simple. However, there are some complications. As a rule, around mature pines and at a short distance from them, there are young, independently grown, trees. They die due to pronounced competition with other plants, due to lack of sunlight and a number of other factors. Young pines located on the slopes are in danger. It is correct to dig up exactly those specimens that may die soon and simply will not survive without a transplant.
It is necessary to dig up and transport young seedlings in accordance with the technology so as not to damage the root system. Pine from the forest to the site must be transported carefully.
Growing pine trees as a business
Growing pine trees for sale is considered a profitable business with minimal financial and labor costs. The first profit is possible within two years after planting. This business is suitable for both gardeners and businessmen. The job is simple, profitable, but seasonal. To begin with, you will need a plot of at least 2 hectares, fertile land and a greenhouse. The choice of varieties for planting is of great importance. They must meet the criteria:
- adaptation to local climate
- disease resistance
- unpretentious content
- rapid growth.
Both planting purchased seedlings and growing pine trees from seeds with the right business organization is a profitable business.