Lawn - rolled and sowing, hedges, planting large-sized trees, flower beds - elements of your garden

Lawn - rolled and sowing, hedges, planting large-sized trees, flower beds - elements of your garden

A beautiful garden: hopes and disappointments

Completed landscaping in the country. The grass began to sprout on the lawns. I walk around the site, and my mood is getting worse and worse. Where are those tall hedges that designers have been talking about for so long? Where are the even caps of lindens and slender pyramids of firs, thujas and firs?

Instead of motley and wildly blooming flower beds, some pitiful stalks and dried twigs stick out of the ground. And the lawns look like the skin of a leopard. Where it is dense, where it is empty, and they are somehow wretched. Is it always like this? Or just me? There is a neighbor - and the trees are 4-5 meters long, and the rolled lawns are already green. True, he complains, everything has cost a lot. Where is the exit? Of course, the landscapers assure me that I need to wait a year or two, and the picture will change dramatically.

Lawn. There are two ways to make it - sowing and roll. The preparation of the soil for both types of lawn is the same. It is necessary to provide a loose nutrient layer with a thickness of at least 15 cm. It is also necessary to profile it, roll it to the required density. And this is where the differences begin. If the lawn is sowing, then you need to loosen the surface layer of the earth by 5 cm and sow seeds, and when rolling out a rolled lawn, you need to shed the underlying layer (almost to the state of a swamp) and carefully cover the sod. After that, it must be carefully rolled, secured with pegs on the slopes and then spilled again.

Further, in both cases, it remains only to wait. With a roll lawn, the pause will be 2-3 weeks, and then normal operation begins. Walking on the lawn, sunbathing on the grass are permissible, and regular mowing of the grass stand is also required.

With the sowing method of creating a lawn, the first shoots appear in 2-3 weeks, and after 4-5 weeks the first mowing will be required. After that, you will still need to sow seeds on bald patches. Normal operation of such a lawn is possible, as a rule, 1.5-2 months after sowing the grasses.

Each of these technologies has its own pros and cons.

Advantages of a roll lawn:

  • immediately after rolling, it takes on a decorative look;
  • a short time is needed for its survival;
  • the slopes are sodded immediately after the roll is rolled, i.e. there is no likelihood of erosion.

Disadvantages:

  • high cost - 1 m2 of rolled lawn is 120-220 rubles more expensive than sowing;
  • a small assortment of grass mixtures used for rolled lawn (4-6 types), i.e., mainly fast-growing herbs with a powerful root system are used, the cultivation of which in summer cottages is not always justified.

Sowing lawn advantages:

  • relatively low cost;
  • the likelihood of careful selection of grass mixtures for a specific area (transition from the shadow zone to the parterre and sports ground).

Disadvantages:

  • a long time before the emergence of shoots - 2-3 weeks, as well as the likelihood of lengthening this period due to drought or washing away of seeds by rain;
  • a large number of weeds in the first 2-3 cuttings.

Therefore, I would recommend using both schemes in combination for your site. And in the further operation of both types of lawns, there is practically no difference. The same problems in the spring are the grass clumping and damping off in the places where the ice crust is formed. In this case, overseeding and aeration of the lawn are done, since the operation in this case is the same.

Hedges

In our experience, the optimal height of seedlings should be 40-60 cm, but there are also undersized shrubs, their height at the time of planting may be less (20-30 cm).

Planting larger shrubs is possible, but undesirable, since their normal planting density for hedges is 5 pieces per running meter. When planting larger plants, the distance between their roots will be significantly greater (2-3 plants per 1 running meter), and such a dense hedge from below, as when planting seedlings with a height of 40-60 cm, cannot be achieved in this case.

According to my observations, plants in the first year after planting, especially from containers, gain root mass, and from the second year they begin to grow intensively. Moreover, this plant growth is balanced with the growth of the root system, and there is no conflict between crown and roots.

Planting large-sized

Recently, some firms have positioned themselves as unique suppliers of large-sized vehicles. I want to upset them right away. Planting and replanting trees from 3 to 10 and even up to 12 m in height has been known since pre-Petrine times. Therefore, to speak about the exclusivity of such services, to put it mildly, is incorrect. Again, based on our almost fifteen years of experience in in the field of landscape design, I can say that working with large growers requires certain knowledge, experience and love for plants.

Trees with a height of 2.5-4 m with a well-formed and densely packed lump are most well transplanted. These are quite mature plants, and their lump weighs from 80 to 200 kg. Older plants with a heavy lump are transplanted only with the help of a special technique. Unfortunately, the small number of such machines and their high cost lead to the fact that the cost of transplanting one tree with a lump 1.2-1.5 m in diameter reaches 120-150 thousand rubles. In addition, large plants in nurseries must be specially prepared for transplantation. Their roots should be bayonetted (pruned) once a year to form a powerful lumpy root system.

There is one more advantage of planting 2.5-4-meter trees. Unlike their larger counterparts, you can start and continue to shape them directly under your site. And their forms can be more varied and decorative. After all, I really want to, at least a little, but move away from the standard forms that have filled our sites.

Flower beds

A separate and very serious topic, which is now being spoken about quite a bit. The very study of the placement of flower beds should take into account many factors - the illuminance of the site, the soil, the humidity of the site, the purpose of the flower garden, its color range, plant height, plant changes as it grows, peduncles and flowering, autumn colors and many other factors. The choice of flowers depends on these circumstances: annual, perennial, their combination, planting with seeds, bushes, bulbs.

In my opinion, flower beds perform a very important function - they provide a constantly changing background of the site. By analogy with a house, this is a picture hanging on the wall. Moreover, the Japanese have a custom to periodically change paintings in accordance with the season. In the same way, flower beds should bear the stamp of mood. They should show the owner of the site the dynamics of the garden. The garden doesn't have to be tough. Of course, both trees and shrubs change during the season. The size, shape, color of spring foliage and this foliage in autumn - all this has its own dynamics, its own rate of change, but flower gardens make these changes the most harmonious. Moreover, they are not static from year to year. They can and should be changed depending on the mood and state. And as always, perennial flowers are the backbone, and annuals are its living content. The short flowering time of perennials and the abundant, long flowering of the annuals organically complement each other. In addition, the flower garden is a great field for improvisation. After all, what was done on flowers this year can be redone for next year, you can create a new flower garden pattern every year.

Therefore, try to treat your garden as a dynamic environment that needs your constant attention and influence.

Mikhail Mikhailov, General Director of Mika


Lawns - what are they?

The history of lawns in Russia began, like many other things, during the time of Peter the Great. In 1715, he ordered in Peterhof to remove irregularities that appear near tree trunks during the growth of their root system, and fill all the lowlands with a mixture of sand and clay. In the spring, these flat areas had to be sown with oats, and when they were ripe, they had to be mowed.

Further modernization of Peterhof took place after the death of Peter the Great. Thanks to the work of garden and fountain masters, architects, sculptors, an architectural and garden-park ensemble was formed. The upper garden, used as a vegetable garden under Peter the Great, was transformed into a parterre with gazebos, fountains, alleys and, of course, lawns.

But this was the case in Peterhof, the residence of the tsars. In the estates, however, they tried to create a thick shade for coolness in the summer. Of course, there could be no talk of any lawns in such a situation.

But in Europe, the spread of lawns has reached such a level that there is a need for the development of technology for caring for them. So when in 1832 in Stroud, England, the humble foreman of a weaving mill, Edwin Budding, invented the cylindrical lawnmower, this invention revolutionized lawn care.

What is a lawn?

Today, lawns have become almost ubiquitous. Now there is already a special technology for their creation, and the lawns themselves are divided by type, depending on the purpose. In general, any lawn is a leveled area planted with cereal grasses. Sports, decorative and special-purpose lawns are distinguished for their intended purpose. Sports are created on football fields, hippodromes, various exercise areas, that is, in areas with a heavy load on the surface. Special-purpose lawns are laid on highway slopes, airports, railroad slopes and other structures. Decorative ones are designed and decorate our gardens, parks, lawns near the house, they are used to cover the spaces of city streets. This type of lawn is divided, in turn, into several classes.

This class is considered the most decorative. It serves to decorate the main and main parts of architectural compositions; it is laid near sculptures, fountains, and reservoirs. The grasses that make up the covering of this class of lawns are subject to high requirements: they must be long-lasting, have a thin leaf blade. The lawn covering itself should also be in almost perfect condition, that is, form a dense, low-cut sod and be of a uniform bright green color.

Not all cereals can form such a coating. Thin stems, a narrow leaf blade and a high rate of formation of adventitious shoots are possessed, for example, by red fescue, meadow bluegrass, common bent - these herbs are the main components of mixtures for parterre lawns. But they can be created from white bent fescue, meadow fescue and sheep fescue. The parterre lawn formed by these types of grasses is considered to be of low level. Lawns of this class, of course, are very beautiful, but the thin-leaved grasses that make up them are very delicate and not resistant to mechanical damage, therefore it is strictly forbidden to play and rest on them. Inexperienced care for them will also be a disaster.

This class of lawns, in addition to beauty, must also have other useful qualities, for example, be long-term, shade-tolerant, drought-resistant and resistant to mechanical damage. The requirements imposed dictate the set of grasses from which lawns of this class can be composed. Here, grasses with a wide leaf blade are more often sown: bluegrass and bluegrass, sheep's fescue, furrowed, eastern, perennial ryegrass, wheatgrass without root, common comb and others. But red fescue and boulders can also be mixed.

This class of lawns is usually not specially created or laid, but obtained by cultivating the soil surface and sowing various grass mixtures to the already existing one. They may include not only cereal plants. So, usually legumes are added to them, for example, red, white and hybrid clover, horned clover, blue, yellow and hop alfalfa, sainfoin. When these herbs bloom, attractive, beautifully flowering meadows are obtained.

In addition to cereal grasses, this type of lawn contains various flowering plants: marigold, poppy, gypsophila, cornflower, nemesia, flax, escholzia and others. The flowering of these annuals is interesting for this type of lawn, and its care is practically minimal. While other classes of lawn need to be mowed once a week, Moorish will require you to do this only twice a summer.

These lawns are planted with grasses that are resistant to trampling and soil compaction. For example, perennial ryegrass, timothy grass, bluegrass, fescue.


How to properly drain under the lawn

Let's give one simple example. The owner of the lawn had to leave his plot for a while. During these days long rains have passed. What picture will the owner find when he returns after a long absence? If there is no drainage system on the site, then the result will be the most sad: the luxurious lawn will turn into something filled with water and rotting.

Fortunately, this danger can be avoided. There are several main methods of drainage used in everyday life. It should be noted here that the soil on which you are laying the lawn should be neither overly porous nor too dense. In the first case, the lawn will not be able to receive normal nutrition, since moisture will be absorbed into the soil very quickly. Dense soil is also fraught with danger: it retains moisture, preventing it from reaching the roots of plants.

Drainage can be provided even at the stage of preparing the soil for the lawn. This is done as follows: before pouring a fertile soil layer, it is necessary to create a dense layer of stone or gravel. The total thickness of such a layer is 5-10 centimeters. After the fertile soil takes its place, the drainage layer will be able to protect it from excess moisture. It will also be desirable to give the surface of the site a slope of at least 6 °. This will prevent future stagnation of water on the lawn.

More complex drainage is the lot of specialists. Our company offers simple and effective solutions for creating a drainage system. There are three drainage methods at your disposal, the application of which will depend on the individual characteristics of your site.

So, deep drainage implies the creation of a system of horizontal ditches. Drains are laid in the ditches, from which water flows into the collector pipe. The pipe removes excess water into the well, so that the site remains protected from excess moisture.

Vertical drainage involves the use of pumps. It is they who pump out excess moisture from the well, then removing it outside the boundaries of the site. This approach allows you not only to solve the problem of draining the lawn, but also to do it in the most rational way.

The storm drainage method looks simpler in comparison with the first two. However, despite its relative simplicity, it has demonstrated its effectiveness over the years. This method consists in digging horizontal drainage ditches. Ditches successfully collect and remove precipitation, which becomes especially important during the rainy season.

It should be noted that ditches alone may not be enough to drain the lawn. The main factor here is the location of the site: if it is in a lowland, more sophisticated drainage methods may be needed than the creation of drainage ditches and a storm well.

Our company is engaged in determining the most effective methods. We have chosen as our credo an individual approach to each client. Land plots do not tolerate a generalized approach. Each of them has its own characteristics, its own unique relief, composition and density of the soil. Without knowing all these parameters, it is impossible to create a normally functioning drainage system.


Decoration of the site with plants

When existing objects are added to the dendroplane project, functional zones and paths are marked, the landscape designer fills the empty spaces with plants suitable for the selected style.


If the owner wants to have a ready-made landscape park from the very beginning, planting of large-sized trees is included in the plan. Trees with a crown diameter of 3 m or more are arranged so that their shadow falls only on areas that need shading. Planting of seedlings of pines, oaks, birches, maples is carried out with the calculation of their upcoming adult size.

Then the sunniest areas are marked out for an orchard. Apple trees, cherries, raspberries require maximum light and heat. If the site is blown by the wind, a fence is included in the plan.

Ornamental shrubs are less demanding on light conditions. For many of them, the morning or evening sun is enough. Hydrangea, chubushnik, honeysuckle can be planted in the corners of the house, and maiden grapes and ivy can be planted at the north wall.

Last but not least, garden perennials - the innumerable group of herbaceous plants that adorn the garden in the spring and summer - are spread over the empty spaces of the plan. Primroses, ferns, hosts, periwinkles are planted in shady places. In partial shade, forget-me-nots, delphiniums, lilies of the valley, dicentra feel great. Sunny meadows are filled with peonies, chrysanthemums, chamomiles, geleniums. Milkweed, sedum, purslane are planted on alpine slides. If the site is well planned, it will bloom magnificently all season.

Landscape design studio of Alisa Samoilova "Stroy-Lawn" will create a unique landscape design of your country house with high quality and on time, transforming any territory beyond recognition. At your service is the creation of a planting plan, professional development of a dendroplan, landscaping of the territory. Our professionalism, creativity and individual approach will help make all your dreams and wishes come true!


How to make a lawn

In preparing the lawn, care and attention is important, otherwise the seedlings of the lawn grass will be suffocated by weeds. All construction waste must be completely removed, taking as long as necessary. After that, you need to take care of the drainage.

Reference: drainage will avoid stagnation of water under the lawn; when creating sports lawns, a drainage device is mandatory. There are two ways to organize drainage:

  1. a pit with a depth of about 600 mm is torn off, the walls of the pit are given the shape of a square with a side of 450 mm. Large stones and bricks are laid in the first layer in the pit, they are tamped tightly - the layer thickness should be 400 mm. A layer of sand or fine gravel is laid on top (also rammed) - the thickness of this layer is 100 mm. The top layer is laid with fertile soil, followed by tamping (rolling) - a layer of 100 mm
  2. the second method is more complicated and time-consuming - fragments of bricks and large stones, sand (fine gravel) and fertile soil are laid over the entire area of ​​the future lawn. This method is rarely used, the first method of the drainage device is usually sufficient.

So, the debris has been removed, the drainage pit is set up - we continue to make the lawn. Sparing no effort, we will dig up the entire area of ​​the future lawn, removing all (all!) Rooted weeds - for this you can use a manual cultivator. After that, the plot of land is neatly leveled, sprinkled on top with a layer of vegetable soil 80-100 mm (sift it through the mesh beforehand), for example, compost combined with sand and peat. If the existing surface layer of soil is sufficiently nutritious for lawn grasses, the layer of prepared vegetative soil can not be poured, although in this case you will have to devote more time and effort to the young lawn - here the best compromise is to apply a bulk layer in a smaller layer, say, 50 mm.

Having completed the filling of the soil layer, it must be rolled with a roller (weighing at least 300 kg), having adapted for this, for example, a metal barrel filled with water. After rolling, we leave the area of ​​the future lawn for two weeks - subsidence will appear in places and weeds will sprout. We level the area of ​​the lawn again, filling up the soil, removing the root systems of weeds, and again rolling the area with a roller. A day before sowing lawn grass seeds, it is necessary to fill the area with water - it is necessary for the soil layer to be moistened to a depth of 200 mm, therefore, the water consumption should be at least 10 liters per m2. On the day of planting, we introduce a complex of mineral fertilizers into the soil (consumption rates - according to the instructions for them), after which we pass the area for the lawn with a rake. For sowing lawn seeds, you need to choose dry and calm weather. After sowing seeds according to the instructions for them, you need to carry out the next soil compaction with a roller weighing 200 kg, then water the area using a garden hose and a diffuser nozzle. Do not allow the formation of gullies! In the first year, the lawn will require daily watering, a dense layer of sod will be formed only in the second year, but for now, do not let the lawn dry out. If the carpet of young lawn grass is not uniform, in some places it is drowned out by weeds - this is a signal that the area of ​​the lawn is not uniformly wetted. When arranging a lawn in an area with a hot climate, its area is covered with burlap or a special material - sponbond until germination.

It is important to water the lawn at least every day using a spray nozzle (in no case use an open stream of water from a hose!), The water consumption is at least 10 liters per m2.


How is a landscape design project compiled

The design basis is the concept - the idea of ​​the future type of the site. The owner decides whether it will be a shady garden for privacy and relaxation, a place for outdoor activities and parties, or a regular park. When the idea is formulated, the style is defined, the designer gradually develops landscape design project.

  1. Building a sketch plan of the site. The specialist takes measurements of the territory, agrees with the master plan, transfers the scheme to paper, marks the existing buildings and plantings. The diagram shows future flower beds, architecture, water bodies, paths, platforms. The sketch gives the first idea of ​​the distribution of the usable area, the harmony of green and functional areas.
  1. Matching the sketch to the site topography. The topographic survey clarifies where it is better to create a reservoir, build an alpine slide, create a terrace, and lay communications.
  1. Drawing up a dendroplane. Introducing new green spaces into the plan-sketch at a scale corresponding to the size of mature plants. Everything from large-sized trees to lawns is taken into account. Thanks to the dendroplane, the amount of planting material, the compatibility of crops in shape, size, flowering period and their compatibility are calculated.
  1. Drawing up a center drawing. Having a dendroplane and a plan-sketch of the site, the designer marks out alleys, paths, platforms, makes notes about the paving, calculates the amount of materials.
  1. Drawing up a communications plan. On this plan, it is planned to lay water supply, automatic irrigation, drainage, storm sewers.
  1. Drawing up a power supply plan. The specialist develops a layout for cables, power points, lighting fixtures that are in harmony with the site design concept.
  1. Budgeting. After the development of all the schemes, the specialist draws up an estimate of costs, in which he reflects the assortment list of planting material, the specification for building and decorative materials, equipment. The landscape design project includes information about deliveries, unloading, the involvement of heavy equipment and the services of workers.

After the approval of the landscape project by the owner of the suburban area, the studio proceeds to its implementation.



Lawn Writings and term papers

Lawns

Lawns... Brief historical information Herbal lawn Care lawn Pests, diseases Weeds Other methods of covering the soil surface History lawn... The period before the lawn mower. Historical descriptions mention lawnsthat existed in the gardens of the Persians, Greeks and Romans even before the birth of Christ, although there is very little concrete evidence of this. Earliest drawing lawn found in one of the manuscripts of European origin, dating from the period between the 14th and 16th centuries. Composition 'Dignity.

Lawns

landscape composition. Lawns are subdivided into: - Parterre lawns - this is lawns of the highest quality, with dense, low cut, emerald grass, free of weeds, irregularities and any other imperfections. - Garden or ordinary lawns Are those lawns, which we are used to seeing in many squares and garden plots. - Special lawns - most often - lawns extra or first class, created for specific purposes. These include lawns on sports grounds.

Lawns

AGENCY FOR EDUCATION GOU VPO "Biysk Pedagogical State University named after V.M. Shukshin "Natural Geographical Faculty Department of Physical Geography and Geoecology Decorative - functional purpose and device lawns Course work on the discipline "Landscape design" Completed by the student.

Lawn

Memo about lawn Every gardener dreams of creating lawn, which would have remained the subject of his pride for a long time. To lawn has not become a constant source of problems, it is necessary to carry out certain work to maintain a healthy grass cover on it. In addition, you can do some additional types of work in order to improve the appearance. lawn... Care process lawn consists of simple activities, most of which we will give below. Don't try to do everything at once.

Lawn care.

Care calendar lawn JANUARY In winter, there is a great danger of freezing lawn... With the first frost, the herbs enter the period of winter dormancy, therefore lawn no longer need to be alarmed. If in the cold season it experiences stress, bald spots will inevitably appear in the spring. In the spring, with the beginning of the growing season, places that have experienced stress become brown, haircut lawn postponed indefinitely, because its natural recovery will last for a long time. Damage.

Seeded lawn device

Device lawn……………………………………………………… .. …… ..4 1.1 Value lawns and their classification ……………………………………… 4 1.2 Device lawn method of sowing seeds …………………………….…. 5 1.3 Soil preparation for sowing seeds ………………………………………… .6 1.4 Works on sowing seeds …………………………………………………… … 7 1.5 Demand lawn in irrigation …………………………………………. ……… ..8 1.6 Watering agents ……………………………………………………. … .10 1.7 Haircut lawn…………………………………………………………. … .12 1.8 Care of crops ………………………………………………………… .14 1.9 Advantages and disadvantages lawn……………………………………….

Abstract on the topic "Lawns and their formation"

the artist's painting has a background that organically complements the main image. In landscape design, the role of the background is played by lawn, and the role of the main image is all other elements of the garden: buildings, groups of plants, flower beds and small architectural forms. Making beautiful lawn on the garden plot is a whole art. For many years all over the world, and now in Russia, the creation lawns is an integral part of ecological culture. A uniform, neatly trimmed, emerald green lawn.

Types of lawns in landscape design

agroindustrial technical school "Report Topic: Lawns Completed by: 3rd year student, group SPLS 9-13 Mokina Tatyana Sergeevna Teacher: Selekhova Vera Aleksandrovna Perm, 2016 Contents History of origin lawns Types Roll production lawns Advantages and disadvantages Coil stacking process lawn Soil preparation for sowing lawn Sowing Care History of occurrence lawns Lawns have become an integral part of the city.

Using the lawn for landscaping a metropolis

"Improvement and gardening" on the topic: "Use lawn for landscaping megalopolis »Device lawn - This is perhaps the most versatile and effective method of greening the urban environment. Where there is no way to plant a tree or shrub, a green grass carpet will protect the soil from erosion and contribute to the purification of the air, because the ready lawn is characterized by a much higher activity of photosynthesis than young seedlings. Properly grown lawn the grass is beautiful, durable, resistant to trampling.

Decorative and functional purpose and arrangement of lawns (course)

CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 1. THE ROLE OF DESIGN IN LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE 2. LAWN AS AN INTEGRAL PART OF LANDSCAPE DESIGN 2.1 History lawn 2.2 Species lawns 3. DEVICE LAWN 3.1 Components of grass mixtures 3.2 Practical functions lawn CONCLUSION REFERENCES APPENDICES INTRODUCTION The topic of the presented course work "Decorative - functional purpose and device lawns". This topic is quite relevant, since for a long time a person has been characterized by a desire not only skillfully.

Microsoft Word Docu111ment

Methods of creation lawns and turf coverings. .There are 3 main ways to create lawns: • By sowing seeds - the essence is to carefully prepare the site and sow the seeds. The advantages are the availability and the ability to create lawns over large areas. Disadvantage: duration of the process. • With the help of ready-made sod - similar to the first one, as the sod used for setting it is prepared in exactly the same way. The difference is that the sod is grown on special sites from which.

Course

"Decorative and functional purpose and device lawns". Completed by: student of group IS2-131-OB Novikova A.S. Checked by: Associate Professor Antsiferova V.I. Voronezh 2015 CONTENTS INTRODUCTION ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5 2. LAWN AS AN INTEGRAL PART OF LANDSCAPE DESIGN ………………………………………………………………………… 7 2.1 History lawn………………………………………………………………. 9 2.2 Species lawns………………………………………………………………… 10 3. DEVICE LAWN……………………………………………………..13 3.

NOVOSIBIRSK STATE AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY Department of Management Course work on Organization of production and entrepreneurship in the agro-industrial complex. Topic: "Organization and economic assessment of the creation lawn and the use of mineral fertilizers "Completed by: student 1401 gr. Shcheglova I.

133732

solution 2.1 Stylistics of the site 2.2 Layout Section 3. Building and finishing materials 3.1 Building materials and structures 3.2 Finishing materials Section 4. Maintenance of the landscaping object 4.1 Caring for trees and shrubs 4.2 Caring for lawn Conclusion References Introduction The main purpose of this course work was landscaping and landscaping of the park with a viewing platform. The work will consider the norms and rules of design, issues of planting placement.

Home isaun

name of the applicant organization) Date of receipt of the application _________ (the applicant is not filled in) Incoming application number _____________ (the applicant is not filled in) 1 COMPETITIVE APPLICATION 1 Project: _ Quality impact lawn for the game of football ______________________________________________________________ (full name of the project, no more than 255 characters) ______________________________________________________________________________________.

Football field heating systems

artificial turf fields lawnswhich are mainly used for training purposes or for grassroots football. In these fields, heating systems are especially needed, since only they can provide such a state all year round. lawn, in which it is possible to conduct normal gameplay. Scientific and Engineering Center "Invent" has developed more than three dozen projects of liquid low-temperature heating systems lawns with grass and artificial turf lawns for regions with different climates.

Thtrhtrh

| | | Sequentially bypassing the plots, carefully examining all the landings, we identify foreign objects, assess the condition lawn, | | | plantings (trees, shrubs, flower arrangements). If pests or diseases have appeared, we determine their belonging. | | | Next, we select drugs to fight infections. Before working with drugs, it is necessary.

REDnoRED

| | | | security | | | | | 05/12/11 | Speed ​​Skating Territory | Weeding lawn, loosening | Rippers. watering can, gloves | Petunia hybrid, hosta | Weed control, | | | center | flower beds, watering | | Siebold, Viola Vitrokka | loosening.

Coursework

their purpose 5 1.3. Climatic conditions 8 1.4. History and development of the Brooklyn Botanical Gardens 10 1.5. Cultivated assortment of plants 10 2. SPECIAL PART 16 2.1. Agricultural techniques for growing arboreal, shrub and flower 16 2.2. Creation lawns and their care 18 2.3. Rules for the maintenance of garden and park objects 26 CONCLUSION 28 REFERENCES 30 Internet resources 31 INTRODUCTION Garden and park construction is a large complex of different activities related to solving legal problems.

Explanatory note

7 2. Architectural planning solution 2.1. Compositional solution 8 2.2. Road and path network 7 2.3. Trees and shrubs 7 2.4. Device lawn and caring for him 9 2.4.1. Gardening device lawn and caring for him 9 2.4.2. Sports device lawn and caring for it 10 2.5. Flower gardens 11 2.6. Vertical gardening 12 2.7. Decorative reservoir, waterfall and stream 12 2.8. Vegetable garden 13 3. Estimate 13 Appendix.

Kurgannikova 1

part of the area is occupied by greenhouses and hotbeds. 9. Lawn breeding, sports lawn breeding. Lawn Is an artificial turf cover created by growing various types of grasses, mainly perennial. In open space lawn decorative tree and shrub species and perennial flowers look advantageous, so planting lawn has an extremely positive effect on the overall appearance of the garden. Any lawn has its own functional purpose. They not only perform a decorative function, but also.

Equipment and improvement of the embankment

the use of artificial prefabricated coatings, as well as natural coatings. For a playground, a good coverage is lawn... Part of the playground (20 ... 25%) is covered with tiles (so that children can use the playground after the rain). Tiles are laid around the sandboxes and splash pools in a strip of 1 ... 1.5 m (thanks to this, it is easier to collect sand in the sandboxes and save lawn around the pool). Tiles are also used in front of benches. Gravel is used where it is assembled for games.

Ornamental plant

Examples of the use of ornamental plants in green building. 1. Solitaire - single trees or shrubs, planted separately from an array or group and have independent decorative value. Most often, individual trees are planted on lawn, lawn, etc. the tree species used for these purposes should be distinguished by high decorative qualities (powerful, abundantly leafy crown, colorful flowering, abundant fruiting, even trunk). The appearance should fit harmoniously.

Landscape gardening. General criteria for the selection of plants

options for their landscaping. The horizontal layout of the site with the help of plant material is not only the creation of the perfect green lawn on the lawn, but also the placement of ground cover plants according to their functional, decorative and practical properties. Strategically thought-out choice of ground cover plants, selection of perennial, annual grasses and lawn coverings will give integrity to landscaping. The horizontal layout of the site plays an integral role in creating a single composition of yours.

Anthropogenic qualities

Bishkek has become not a green city, but a construction city. Environmentalists are outraged by the massive felling of trees and the reduction of green plantings due to the construction of multi-storey buildings, construction and expansion of roads. Trees, flowers, bushes and lawnsdue to which oxygen is produced. But in the Department of Road and Housing Construction, they assure that all operations are carried out bypassing the damage to the ecology of the city. We decided to ask the townspeople what environmental problems, in their opinion, are in Bishkek.

Improvement project of Pushkin square in g

green-yellow glass. The roof is transparent and glass. Despite the wrought iron frame, the structure does not seem heavy. The figured forging, which adorns the stopping pavilion in great numbers, gives it lightness and decorativeness. Near the stop at lawn a stand was installed with information about translated theater performances. The stand is double-sided, also decorated with figured forged elements. It is located so that it is visible both to pedestrians who walk along the alley, and from the side of the roadway. Shares.

Neighborhood improvement

paths with the surrounding landscape, creating a sense of aesthetic integrity. 3) For playgrounds, a good coverage is lawn... Part of the area (20-25%) is covered with tiles (so that children can use the area after the rain) .Around the sandboxes and splash pools, tiles are laid in a strip of 1-1.5 m (this makes it easier to collect the sand in the sandboxes and save lawn around the pool). Tiles were used in front of the benches. Gravel is provided where a lot is going to be played.

PZ_ozelenenie

planting trees (large-sized) of various species and varieties, creating hedges from various shrubs, trees and ornamental plants, as well as landscaping lawns. Lawns for landscaping can be of various purposes: sports (for sports grounds), parterre (near the facades of buildings), park (in places for recreation - parks, squares, etc.), roll (ready-made lawn in rolls, suitable for any purpose, as it consists of a mixture of different types of herbs, adapted to different conditions). Also distinguish “protective.

Complex engineering improvement of microdistricts

artificial prefabricated coatings in accordance with [10], as well as from natural coatings. For a playground, a good coverage is lawn... Part of the playground (20 ... 25%) is covered with tiles (so that children can use the playground after the rain). Tiles are laid around the sandboxes and splash pools in a strip of 1 ... 1.5 m (thanks to this, it is easier to collect sand in the sandboxes and save lawn around the pool). Tiles are also used in front of benches. Gravel is used where it is assembled for games.

Coursework in economics

... 7 1.3 Works on planting trees and shrubs in landscape construction. 10 1.4 Work on the device lawns... 12 1.5 Work on the arrangement of flower beds. 15 1.6 Work on the construction of the road and path network in the landscape.

Abstract

[Belobrov et al., 2002 a, b Shevelev, 2003]. These functions, however, are very important and significant in the lives of millions and hundreds of millions of people around the world. Football, as a very popular sport, is closely related to the football field - a beautiful green lawn, pleasing to the eye and giving people pleasure even from simple contemplation. Football and the football field, on the one hand, and society, on the other, create a kind of symbiosis in which there are direct and feedback connections, including impact.

Report

| 04/08/14 | Territory of the city square | Weeding lawn, loosening flower beds, watering | Rippers. watering can, gloves | Petunia hybrid, hosta Siebold, viola Vitrokka | Weed control, loosening to a depth of 7-8 cm, watering 2-3 buckets per 1 m | 04/09/14 | Territory of the city square | Territory care | Serrated rake, whisk | | Cleaning of dry leaves and branches, household waste | 04/10/14 | Territory of the city square | Mowing lawn, loosening flower beds, weeding near-trunk circles | Rippers.

Regular style in gardening art

L.S. Group 1110 Checked by: L.A. Karlovets Novosibirsk 2012 Table of contents Introduction. 3 1. From the history of the regular style 4 2. The regular garden in the modern world. 6 Plot size 6 Relief 6 Layout 6 Parterre 7 Parterre lawn 8 Parterre flower garden 8 Pond 8 Hedges 9 Topiary 9 Plants for a regular garden 10 Materials 10 Conclusion 11 Used literature 12 Introduction. Gardening art has existed for over 8 millennia. Garden styles, shaped.

Graph abstract

tree and shrub plantations are produced at a certain distance from the railway track (trees - 3 m, shrubs - 1.5 m). For the improvement of sites intended for the expansion of the enterprise (reserve zones), they mainly use lawns, as well as portable forms of flower beds, planting of annual plants, various types of loose and collapsible coverings. Improvement of pedestrian traffic paths is prescribed necessarily taking into account climatic conditions. When placing businesses in favorable conditions.

Landscape Engineering Technologies

slides are indispensable attributes of landscape design. To implement such ideas, landscape design is necessary. Together with the project of landscape elements, a project of engineering systems is also provided - design of lighting, watering lawns and others. It is engineering systems in landscape design that maintain the garden at the proper level. All networks can be controlled both manually and automatically using Smart Home technology. Automatic watering system: The system will automatically turn on.

Gardening construction and economy

for woody plants in the process of their vital activity …………………………………………… .29 7. Structure and maintenance lawns... Classification lawns... Device methods lawns... Characteristics and seeding rates lawn herbs. Sowing method. Method for laying the finished turf. Hydro-seeding method. Sports device lawns... Device lawns from ground cover plants. Content lawns……………………………………………………………………………………………… .36 8. Arrangement and maintenance of flower beds. Classification of flower beds. ...

Coursework Mukhtarova

Search for a compositional solution …………………………………………………… .14 3.1 Projected landscaping of a private garden ……………………………… ..18 3.2 Projected landscaping of a private garden ... ……………………………………… .19 3.3 Maintenance of green spaces ………………………………………………… .20 3.3.1. Care lawn………………………………………………………………. 21 3.3.2. Caring for tree and shrub vegetation ………………………. 23 3.3.3. Flower care …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… .26 Conclusion …………………………………………………………………………… ..27.

Organization and planning

there was no land plot. The territory is home to trees that were planted in the early days of the kindergarten. Landscaping work is carried out by employees of the institution only at the level of flower beds, as well as a little care of the existing lawn... Of the small architectural forms, there are: playgrounds - one for nursery groups, one for older children, two verandas are similarly located, a sandbox for a nursery. In addition to the kindergarten building, there is a warehouse building on the territory.

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transportation of garbage to a designated place and loading onto the provided vehicles after cleaning the territory. 2.1.5 Cleaning of debris from the entrances to the basements (pits). 2.1.6 Cleaning of contaminants (waste, solid household and others) from lawns... 2.1.7 Monitoring the state of small architectural forms, including washing and painting, informing the Management Companies about the need to repair or replace them. 2.1.8 Manual and mechanized cleaning of territories from snow masses, etc.

architectural, artistic and hygienic environment contrasting with the city. Silence, alternation of open and shaded spaces, the smooth surface of reservoirs and jets of fountains, colorful floral dress, picturesque groups of trees and bushes on the background lawnsorganically included in this natural complex have a positive effect on the nervous system, mood and well-being of visitors. All park structures are an organic part of this park ensemble, their volume and color characteristics.

280355

profile and planning structure of cities and towns. Green spaces in places of recreation of the urban population form forests, groves, groups of trees and shrubs, alleys, hedges, sheared walls and bosquets are also created decorative lawns and flower planting, vertical gardening. At the same time, an important task is to create an organic relationship between plantations and natural and artificial reservoirs, terrain and architectural structures. 1. Natural-historical conditions.

Landscape architecture techniques in the formation of the urban environment

mixborder). - pp. 19 - 21 17. Rock gardens and rockeries. Arrangement and selection of an assortment of plants - pages 21 - 22 18. Monos and modular flower beds - page 22 19. Parterres: lawn, floral, water - pp. 22 - 23 20. Parterre as an element of palace and park ensembles - pp. 23 - 24 21. Types of decorative lawns - p. 24 22. Sports lawns... Roll coverings - pp. 24 - 25 23. Relief as a component of landscape design. The levels of its consideration - p. 25 24. Two directions in geoplastics - p. 25 - 26.

Landscaping

which delight in the spring with their abundant and colorful flowering, and in the fall - with bright fruits. Types of wall frames for climbing plants Conifers are decorative all year round. They are very beautiful at the walls of the school and in solitary (single) planting on lawn... It is advisable to plant spruce and pine in windbreak strips on the northern side of the site. The school is surrounded by a hedgerow from the side of the street, as well as a utility yard, sports grounds and experimental plots. Beautiful hedges.

Coursework

it is supposed to mow small bushes, it is better to choose mowers with a knife. In addition, according to experts, line mowers are not always suitable for decorative processing. lawns... When mowing with the line, the grass breaks, as a result of which lawn may get a yellowish tint. When mowing with a sharp knife, the grass is not torn, but cut, and lawn takes on a fresh look and natural green color. Compact hand-held mowers are divided into 2 subgroups: -Electric trimmers These are the smallest and lightest lawn mowers.

Review

post-warranty service of equipment. Technical characteristics: The shopping complex is designed as follows: • Shopping center • open parking lots for cars • Gazebos and open and closed recreation areas • Lawn, boxwood and miniature roses border, Flowerbed, Shrubs, trees, shrubs. • Fountain Technological process: The entire complex is an area of ​​3000 m2, of which 629 m2 is occupied by the shopping center itself. It represents a building.

Explanatory note

landscaping used to organize objects of this type 1.3 Analysis of modern techniques of landscaping for objects of this type 1.3.1 Green walls 1.3.2 Flower garden 1.3.3 Lawn 1.4 Methods of geoplastics 1.5 Analysis of modern engineering and technical equipment 1.5.1 Automatic irrigation system 1.5.2 Lighting system 2. Analysis of the existing situation (territory and climatic.

Football stadiums

balls, media representatives, medical personnel, guards and more. Service track around lawn Is a concrete path that facilitates movement within the play area of ​​emergency vehicles, including ambulances, maintenance vehicles, as well as fire trucks, etc. lawn - natural grass cover.Artificial lawn - artificial turf that meets UEFA quality standards, which must be used.

Machines and mechanisms in landscape gardening

pests and diseases ALH with MTZ-80 2.9 Loosening the soil KRN-2.8MO with MTZ-802.10 Digging of planting material NVS-1,2 with MTZ-80 | 11141518192425272829 | III. CREATION ACTIVITIES LAWN | 30 | 1. Soil preparation 2.1 Plowing 2.2 Harrowing 2.3 Compaction 2. Sowing seeds lawn grasses 3. Dry fertilization 4. Watering 5. Maintenance 6.4 Mowing grass stand 6.5 Aeration 6.6 Top dressing 6.7 Cleaning the lawn surface IV. CALENDAR IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.

Explanatory note

Landscaping technologies and landscaping of territories ……………… .34 6.1.1. Device lawn………………………………………………… .34 6.1.2. Flower garden arrangement ……………………………………………… .35 6.1.3. Arrangement of paths and platforms …………………. ……………. 35 6.1.4. Planting shrubs …………………………. …………………. 36 6.1.5. Rockery device ……………………………………………… 37 6.2. Care and maintenance measures ……………………………. …… 38 6.2.1. Care lawn…………………………………………. ……… .38 6.2.2. Caring for flower beds ………………………………….…. ……….

Course work

flowering at different times throughout the growing season. The main type of landscaping of the territory should be lawn... Width lawns should be taken depending on the type of plantings according to table 2 Table 2 Width lawns | Plantation types | Minimum strip width lawn, m | |Lawn with a row planting of trees in the same row with shrubs:.

1545017

Introduction LLC "Landscape Design" is the development and implementation of measures for the transformation and registration of the land. There are many solutions for arranging the territory of a land plot. This is the construction of alpine slides, and the design lawns and flower beds, the organization of lighting and irrigation, the inclusion of small architectural forms (sculptures, gazebos, bridges, swings), artificial reservoirs and much more. It depends on how professionally the landscape design project is developed and implemented.

"The pinnacle of ourselves, our originality is not our individuality, but our personality."

design ……………………… 8-9 2.4. Landscape design - choice of color combination …………… 9 2.5. Styles of landscape design ……………………………… 9-11 Chapter 3. Types of flower beds: …………………………………………… 11 3.1. Flower bed …………… …………………………………………… 11-12 3.2.lawn ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… parterre ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 13 Chapter 4. Flower garden design …………………………………………….

General characteristics of the enterprise

that conifers have a second root growth in late August - early September. Seedlings grown in containers can be planted at any time. Lawn Everyone wants to have the best, the thickest and the greenest in their garden lawn... The secret of the good lawns is a thorough preparation of the soil and proper care lawn further. Soil preparation includes the following types of work: • Removal of garbage from the site (stones, bricks, slabs, boards, etc.). No way.

Modern techniques of greening the urban environment

Several main problems can be identified: 1. A large share in the total area of ​​trampled land with a lack of lawns... 2. Poor condition of existing tree and shrub plantations. 3. Disorderly thickening of trees and shrubs, leading to a deterioration in the microclimate and accelerating the destruction of buildings. 4. Strong shading of areas, spoiling lawns... 5. Supersaturation of soils with heavy metals and other harmful substances. These substances are negative.

Practice report

enterprises, transport organizations, etc. As a rule, the inventory reveals any changes in the original landscape and architectural concept associated with the formation of overgrowth, over-compaction of plantings, trampling lawns, damage to sites and the road network, violation of the type of volumetric-spatial structure. Periodic inventory of green spaces and all structural elements of the facility is carried out for the purpose of systematic maintenance of gardening and park economy.

Landscaping and gardening of the territory of the Wedding Park, Orel.

distance 0.5-1 m from each other. 2.3.4. Device and care lawn Parterre device lawn Device lawn is considered the main element of landscape design. And this is absolutely not surprising, since the presence of a beautiful lawn you can not only improve the suburban area, but also get rid of many problems. Green tones promote calmness, create harmony and give a complete look to the entire landscape. Well-groomed lawns serve as an ideal place for family holidays, create a cozy atmosphere.

Resource 1

flowers - mignonette, mattiola, levkoi, roses, tobacco. 2 Planning and marking of flower arrangements An obligatory element of any green building are flower beds, which include flower beds, rabatki, groups, single and other plantings on the Background lawn... But in floral design, certain proportions, proportionality must be observed. Excessive saturation of parks, squares, gardens and other landscaping objects with flower beds is irrational and not always justified. When designing a flower garden, they are guided.

Rmanov for children

726-63-26) Completion date of all works - July 29, 2011. In total, 96 yards will be landscaped in the area at the following addresses: №№ Address Start date of work Completion date 1 Belomorskaya st., 1 May 23 June 03 - repair of asphalt cover repair lawn installation, replacement of benches installation, replacement of waste bins; arrangement of parking pockets; arrangement and repair of container sites; maintenance of landscaping elements (planting flowers). 2 Belomorskaya st., 3, building 1 June 07 June 17 - repair of the asphalt pavement.

Daniil Pryadkin's diploma work

to temperature extremes, exposure to light and chemically aggressive substances. If desired, it will be possible to do and lawn paths by sowing into the cells of a special plastic lattice lawn grass. The paving of each track must correspond to its functional purpose. For narrow, winding paths winding through the garden, a modest covering of rubble, gravel or cobble is suitable. The path that goes along lawn, can be lined with slabs going to the foot step. The front entrance to the house can be paved with paving stones. Not.

Business plan landscape design agency

rent an industrial building and purchase the necessary equipment. One of the advantages of our company is the complexity of landscape work. Within the framework of projects, we independently carry out the supply of planting material, roll lawn and decorative bark. The cost of the project is 1,500,000 rubles. All funds are borrowed. The loan is provided for one year at 15% per annum. The project pays for itself within nine months, the expected economic effect is 1 270 890 rubles. For.


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