Growing tomatoes is possible only by the seedling method. It is important not only to choose the right variety and carry out the sowing on time, but also a thorough pre-sowing treatment. An unusual method using a syringe, potassium permanganate and aloe juice will help with this. It doesn't take long to get ready, and strong and healthy plants will be rewarded for your efforts.
Disinfection in potassium permanganate
First of all, the seeds must be disinfected. Potassium permanganate is best suited for this purpose. The working solution is prepared "by eye" by dissolving the granules in water so that a maroon liquid is obtained. You will also need ordinary medical syringes with needles. If several varieties of tomatoes are grown, a sticker with its name is glued to each tank. The seeds are placed inside, and the solution is carefully collected. For disinfection, it is enough to hold the planting material in the liquid for 20 minutes.
Next, rinsing is carried out. Using a syringe simplifies this procedure. Potassium permanganate is poured through a needle, clean water is collected with its help, and then it is drained. The procedure is repeated several times until the liquid is completely transparent.
Aging in aloe
The next stage is processing with aloe juice. This natural substance serves as a natural stimulant for growth and root formation. Juice is squeezed out of several freshly cut leaves into a separate container. It will be thick enough, but you do not need to dilute it with water. The seed tanks collect the juice so that it completely covers them. The grains should be in this solution for 4 hours. During this time, nutrients will penetrate deep into the depths, which in the future will have a positive effect on the quality of seedlings.
Day in a warm place
Next, the grains are removed from the syringe and, without rinsing, placed in a warm place. It is important that the planting material is constantly in a warm and humid environment. To do this, a piece of clean cloth is moistened with water, the seeds are laid out and covered with the same damp cloth. To stimulate germination, it is enough to keep the planting material warm for 24 hours.
Day in the fridge
At the final stage, the seeds require cold treatment. To do this, they are laid out in a plastic container and placed on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator for a day. This hardening will strengthen the planting material, and the young seedlings will be healthy and strong. After 24 hours, you can start sowing seeds, and you do not need to rinse the seeds, so as not to wash off the nutrient layer of aloe from them.
Culling. This operation will help to get rid of non-germinating tomato seeds in advance. In order to reject unsuitable seed, you can use a saline solution. Mix 1 tsp of salt in a glass of water and then pour the tomato seeds into it. Wait a while and remove the seeds that have floated to the surface - they can be thrown away, they will not germinate.
Disinfection. This procedure is carried out in order to disinfect the seed before planting. For disinfection, hydrogen peroxide or potassium permanganate is usually used. You need to take a 10% hydrogen peroxide solution and put tomato seeds in it for 20 minutes. Then they should be rinsed well in cool water and dried.
Soak. Tomato seeds that have passed the soaking procedure sprout faster and give strong seedlings. You need to roll up the cheesecloth in several layers and put seeds in it, wrap it. Seeds in gauze should be placed in a small amount of warm water for about 12-16 hours and removed to a warm place. It is important to ensure that the gauze is always sufficiently damp.
Hardening. There is an opinion that the hardening procedure will help thermophilic tomatoes better tolerate temperature changes in the future. For hardening, tomato seeds after germination should be put in a cool place overnight. Then transfer to a room with room temperature. This operation is carried out 2 or 3 times.
Preparing the soil and containers for planting
The prepared soil, which can be purchased at the store, has already been prepared and disinfected. If you are going to plant tomato seeds in your soil, it is best to take the soil where the acacia grows. It is necessary to remove the top layer to a depth of 5 cm, and then collect the soil, which contains well-rotted leaf litter.
It must be harvested in the fall and stored outdoors or in conditions close to wintering conditions (refrigerator, balcony, etc.), avoiding moisture and snow. Add sand and humus before planting. To be sure that the planted seeds are completely safe, the soil must be disinfected.
There are such disinfection methods as thermal and chemical. One of the most popular - and simplest - soil disinfection methods is calcining it.
So such soil can to some extent be called scorched earth, in which for the full development of seedlings from seed it will be necessary to invest much more effort and money than in soil that was disinfected in other ways. But if you nevertheless decide to ignite the soil, then you need to spread it out on a baking sheet in an even layer of 5 cm and put it in an oven preheated to 100 ° C for 45-50 minutes.
You can use steam for soil cultivation: hold it in a steam bath for half an hour or treat it with special devices for steaming clothes.
As for the planting container, in this capacity you can use both ready-made containers, including substrates, peat tablets and pots, and improvised means.
When harvesting a large number of seedlings, it is better to use mini-greenhouses, which are treated with a solution of potassium permanganate before filling with soil.
Clay pots are scalded with hot water, the same can be done with other heat-resistant containers.
But often for seedlings, ordinary disposable plastic cups or food containers are used. For them, only chemical treatment is suitable.
The contents of purchased peat and other similar pots are already ready for planting and does not need disinfection.
Preparing the soil for planting tomato seeds
The first thing a gardener needs to do in early spring is to plant seedlings. Of course, it can be purchased, but a true gardener will grow seedlings personally. He will select the variety himself or use the seeds from the previous harvest. How to prepare the soil for planting tomato seeds? First, you can buy soil for seeds at a specialty store. Such a soil will already be prepared - it will contain all the necessary substances. Then it will be enough just to divide the earth into containers and plant seeds in them. Seeds are planted for future seedlings at the very beginning of spring, choosing the brightest place in the house - window sills on the sunny side. Often, special lamps are mounted above the seedlings, then the choice of location is not fundamental, although there is still one thing - this place should not be cold and there should be no drafts. The ideal temperature for seedlings is 20-24 degrees.
Remember that the future harvest depends on the quality of the seeds and, accordingly, the seedlings!
The check is carried out using a test germination of tomato seed. To do this, take a plate or wide plastic dishes with low sides, put several layers of gauze in it, moisten it and spread the seed evenly over the entire surface, cover them with another layer of wet gauze on top.
In this case, they will constantly be in humid conditions, and will not dry out. It is necessary to control that the gauze is constantly damp. But it should not be allowed that the tomato grains are flooded with water, without air access, they will begin to rot, mold will develop on them, and they will die. At this time, you need to maintain the temperature within 22-25 ℃.
It is great if you cover the dishes with tomatoes with foil, making small holes necessary for ventilation. In this case, you will create an optimal microclimate for awakening the embryos, and the water will evaporate less and you will not have to frequently check their condition.
If you are planting pelleted or inlaid seeds, then do not read this article. They are already disinfected and ready for planting, they are sown dry without any preparation. It is advisable to process varietal and your own seeds.
1. Step one - choose the best specimens
Go through your seeds by hand, remove empty, damaged, black, very small ones.
These are my Sanyok tomato seeds, I choose the most beautiful This is a store-bought peppers from a bag. Variety "Winnie the Pooh". Here all the seeds are good and beautiful, I removed those that are smaller and just didn't like it.
Now you can put the seeds in the salt solution. Stir a teaspoon of ordinary salt in a glass of water.
A teaspoon is enough for a glass of water
We put the seeds and mix. After ten minutes, full-weight, heavy seeds will sink to the bottom, and the light ones will float up, we remove them.
Here are the pepper seeds in 10 minutes. Many do not sink to the bottom, apparently very dry during storage. I do not think that they are all non-perceptible, you can try and plant the ones that have surfaced for verification. But I do not need many peppers of this type, I will only leave those that have drowned
We wash good seeds in clean water and lay them out to dry.
2. Step two - treatment of seeds from diseases
There are several ways to do this:
- Effectively protects against viral diseases by keeping all seeds in an aqueous solution of immunocytophyte (1 tablet per 100 grams of water). You can keep it up to 12 hours no more.
- Hold in pink potassium permanganate... To do this, first, the seeds are heated for two hours in hot water at 45-50 ° C (these conditions can be created in a thermos). Then a bag of seeds is dipped into a solution of potassium permanganate (0.5 grams per half a glass of water).
- To protect seedlings and future plants from white and root rot, fusarium wilting helps dusting before planting seeds in the ground with a biological product "Trichodermin".
- The same effect will be obtained by soaking in a solution of "phytosporin" according to the instructions for the preparation.
Then rinse and dry all the seeds. At this stage, the preparation of tomato seeds can be finished and sown into the ground. They sprout quickly. But if you want to be sure of 100% germination or sow plants by count, then move on to the third part.
3. Step three - soak for germination
It is very convenient to germinate seeds of various plants in cotton pads. We moisten them with warm water, put the seeds on a disc.
Here are different seeds: peppers, eggplants, tomatoes and even potatoes, which I put in for germination.
Then cover with a second wet disc. On it, you can write the name of the variety with a ballpoint pen, so as not to confuse anything.
This is what it turns out, all varieties are signed, nothing can be confused We put the saucer into a bag so that the seeds do not dry out. They will have enough air to breathe.
We put the discs in a warm place and wait for the seeds to hatch.
It is convenient to put the discs in a container with a lid.
In wet discs, in a warm place, the seeds will hatch quickly We also sign the name of the variety with a pen or write it on paper. These are the same Winnie the Pooh and Sanka, whom I drowned in salt water Now we close the lid and warm for a few days.
Check the seeds. Tomatoes will hatch in a day or two. Peppers and eggplants will begin to sprout in 5-7 days.
You can soak not just in warm water, but also a growth stimulator or biofertilizer, but not until germination, but for a certain time:
- Epin - add 2 drops to half a glass of water, wet the seeds for 18 hours.
- Wood ash solution - stir one teaspoon in a glass of water and soak the seeds in a bag for a day. Ash is a valuable fertilizer and stimulates plant growth
If you just pour the seeds into a glass with ash, then it will be difficult to find them in the sediment.
You can insist the ash solution for a day, strain, and then soak the seeds
This completes the preparation of seeds of tomatoes, peppers, eggplants for sowing - you can safely sow them into the soil! These methods work well for seeds of other vegetables, berries and flowers.
I wish you healthy seeds and a good harvest.
Germinating tomato seeds makes sense if you are not sure about the quality and germination of seeds. I sowed some tomatoes on March 9th and put others on March 10th. Here is the result.
the root is already large and now you need to carefully plant it in the ground so as not to break.
The seeds are old and I decided that I would only plant the sprouted ones.
The tomatoes sown in the ground have already risen. They stood in a warm, but dark place, so they are still completely white. I put it on the window.
If the tomato seeds are fresh, especially their own, then I see no point in germinating.
Preparing seeds for planting
Hello dear friends!
Today I want to tell you about the general principles preparing seeds for planting.
In the spring, before sowing, the gardener needs to stock up on high-quality planting material. Make a selection of varieties depending on the ripening time of the vegetable crop. This will ensure the harvest for a long time.
You should not buy a large number of seeds in reserve, as they significantly lose quality during long storage.
Seeds should be stored in a dry room, preferably at a constant temperature of +1 to +16 degrees.
Permissible storage periods for seeds, provided that the above conditions are met, are as follows:
- Zucchini, cucumber, melon, watermelon, pumpkin - 5-7 years.
- Tomatoes, cabbage, turnips, radishes - 4-5 years.
- Carrots, lettuce, onions, eggplant - 3-4 years.
- Dill, parsley, sorrel - 2-3 years.
- Celery - 1-2 years.
Seed preparation for planting it is better to start with the selection of full-bodied, large, high-quality seeds, since they give an earlier and higher yield. For this, the seeds, in small portions, stirring, are poured into a 3-5% salt solution. Large and high-quality seeds settle to the bottom, and those that have surfaced need to be thrown away.
Drowned seeds must be washed under running water and dried.
To reduce the risk of plant diseases, it is necessary to decontaminate the seeds. To do this, it is necessary to pickle the seeds in a 1% solution of potassium permanganate (1 g. Per 100 g. Water) for 15-20 minutes, and then rinse under running water.
Dry seeds of pumpkin, squash, cucumbers, zucchini should be warmed up at a temperature of 50-60 degrees for 5-6 hours. This process is also needed for disinfection and, which is very important for removing seeds from hibernation.
Soaking the seeds before sowing in solutions of microelements and active substances for 16-24 hours also gives a good effect.
For cucumber seeds, for example, microelements of the following composition are used:
For 1 liter of water, you need to take 0.2 g. boric acid, 0.5 gr. zinc sulfate, 0.05 gr. copper sulfate and 0.1 gr. molybdenum acid ammonium.
For tomato seeds, you need to take boric acid (0.2 grams per 1 liter), copper sulfate (0.02 grams per 1 liter), zinc sulfate (0.05 grams per 1 liter).
Also, an effective method of enriching seeds with microelements is soaking in an infusion of wood ash, which contains a huge amount of macro and microelements. This infusion is prepared for 1 day. Take 20 grams of ash per 1 liter of water.
Another important element of early maturity and yield in such a matter as preparation of seeds for planting, is hardening. The best way is a method of hardening with variable temperatures, in which at night the seeds are placed in a refrigerator and kept at a temperature of 0 to +2 degrees, and in the daytime at a temperature of + 15 + 18 degrees. Hardening is continued until the seeds are pecked.