Pilea

Pilea

The pilea plant (Pilea) is a tropical beauty belonging to the Nettle family. This genus includes over 400 different species, including both annuals and perennials that take the form of grasses or dwarf shrubs. You can meet the sawmill in tropical forests around the planet, not counting the Australian continent. The name of the saw can be translated as "cap". This form is inherent in the perianths of many species of this plant.

Pilea is distinguished by its endurance and relative unpretentiousness. It can be grown both in greenhouses and at home. Some species, such as the Kadier saw, have very fast growth rates. This allows them to be used in herbal compositions. Various types of pylaea can be grown as a regular or ampelous plant with a cascade of shoots.

Description of the saw

Pilea is a relatively low plant, reaching up to 40 cm in size. It is distinguished by elegant foliage, most often having a rounded shape. At the same time, various types of saws can differ significantly in external characteristics. Foliage can be of different sizes, glossy or pubescent surfaces, and also be monochromatic or variegated.

The pylaea bloom is unremarkable. At this time, small flowers are formed on it, usually they are collected in tassels growing from the leaf sinuses. After flowering, fruits are formed. They hang over the overgrown sterile stamens of the plant. When a ripe fruit loses contact with the flower, the stamens straighten, catapulting the pilea seeds to an impressive distance, sometimes up to 100 m.

Pilea Kadier - home care. [Hope and Peace]

Brief rules for growing pilea

The table shows brief rules for caring for a saw at home.

Lighting levelA lot of bright, non-direct light is required.
Content temperaturePilea can grow well at 25 degrees all year round and does not like when the temperature drops below 15 degrees, although some species, on the contrary, require cooler (about 10 degrees) wintering.
Watering modeFrom spring to the end of August, the soil in the container should be constantly slightly damp, but not damp. In winter, you should wait until the earth dries out by about a quarter.
Air humidityThe flower loves high humidity, it can be placed on a pallet with wet pebbles or a container with water can be placed next to it. But the leaves of the plant are usually not sprayed.
The soilHumus substrates are considered the optimal soil; they can be slightly acidic or neutral. You can use a mixture of sand with peat, turf and humus.
Top dressingDuring growth, a complex composition is used weekly for species with spectacular foliage. In winter, the plant continues to be fertilized, doing it several times less often.
TransferTransplants are carried out at the beginning of the growing season, annually or a little less often.
PruningAnnual pruning and pinching is done.
BloomFlowering can last from June to mid-autumn, but the flowers are considered inconspicuous, and the plant is valued only for its spectacular foliage.
Dormant periodThe dormant period lasts from November to March.
ReproductionSeed, cuttings.
PestsSpider mites, as well as thrips, scale insects and mealybugs.
DiseasesPylaea foliage loses its appearance in the absence of proper care or in the wrong location.

Caring for the saw at home

Pilea is a houseplant that does not require special attention to itself; a florist can cope with it even with minimal experience.

Lighting

Pilea prefers bright, but not direct lighting. Scorching rays should not fall on her bush. Typically, the flower is grown east or west. On the south side, you should not put it on the windowsill, otherwise the plant will have to be shaded. The most dependent on lighting are hybrid saw shapes.

Pileya can spend summer outdoors: on the balcony or in the garden. For the pot, you should choose a corner that is closed from the direct sun. For the summer, you can even plant the bushes in flowerpots or containers. It is only necessary to take into account all the rules that apply to the content of indoor flowers in the open air.

In winter, the light level should remain the same. So that the reduction in daylight hours does not affect the appearance of the flower, it can be transferred to a brighter place. The lack of light, as well as its large excess, will lead to a change in the color of the leaf plates and can affect the overall decorative effect of the bush.

Temperature

The pylaea will be satisfied with a constant temperature of about 25 degrees. It can remain at this level even in winter: a cold snap below 15 degrees can adversely affect the health of the plant. The saw should be protected from drafts, especially in autumn and winter.

The most resistant to coolness are considered to be Cadier's pileae and peperomium. The first is capable of hibernating at 15 degrees, and the second at 10 degrees. Small-leaved saws can also successfully overwinter if the room keeps around 16-18 degrees. The most thermophilic is the wrapped saw. Otherwise, the rules for caring for different species are practically the same.

Watering

In spring and summer, the soil in the container is watered as its top layer dries out, using only settled and soft water. In winter, after drying, they wait a couple more days. The bush will tolerate overdrying the soil better than overflow. The soil in the container may remain only slightly moist, but water should not be allowed to stagnate in the soil. That is why more frequent watering in small volumes should be preferred to abundant moisture.

Excessive soil moisture will lead to fading of the color of the leaves and their wilting, and can also provoke the development of putrefactive processes. It is especially important to observe the watering regime in winter. Excess water from the sump must be drained.

Humidity level

Pilea requires a high level of moisture for healthy growth. At the same time, you should not moisten its foliage from the sprayer - it may lose its elegant appearance. This applies to both species with pubescent and glossy leaves.

To compensate for the lack of moisture in the air, open containers of water are placed next to the pot. You can also place the pot on a tray filled with damp pebbles so that the bottom does not get wet. The hotter it is in the room, the higher the humidity level should rise. During a cool wintering, such procedures can be omitted.

The soil

Slightly acidic or neutral humus soil is suitable for growing pylaea. You can use a mixture of sand with peat, turf and humus, or a universal soil for decorative deciduous species.

Top dressing

In summer and spring, the plant can be fed weekly or once a decade, and in winter - monthly. Mineral compositions intended for species with decorative foliage are suitable for the saw. They are used at the indicated dosage.

Without timely feeding, the foliage of the plant can become smaller. Due to the fact that in winter the pilea rests only partially, without the proper amount of nutrients, its shoots will begin to stretch excessively, and the bush will lose its compactness.

Transfer

The room saw requires regular replanting. It is held every spring. The pylaea has small superficial roots, so wider, but shallow pots about 10 cm high are chosen for its cultivation. At the bottom, it is necessary to place a drainage layer up to a third of the volume of the pot.

Pylaea can grow hydroponically. Will arrange a flower and automatic watering.

Pruning

A sawe growing in a pot quickly loses its external decorative effect. The bushes gradually stretch out, exposing the bottom of the stems, falling apart and entangled. To prevent old plants from losing their attractive appearance so quickly, they are pruned every year. The stems remaining from the cut are used for reproduction. Correct pinching will help to form a beautiful bush. With its help, you can avoid exposing the main stems.

As a rule, pruning and pinching of the ends of the shoots is carried out before transplanting.

Dormant period

The dormant period for the pilea begins in winter - from November and lasts until the end of February or the beginning of March. The indoor plant slows down at this time. Moreover, the flower does not require special conditions of detention.

Pylaea breeding methods

For propagation of the bush, seeds and cuttings of the pilea are usually used. Although many species are successful in self-seeding in nature, at home, seed propagation is only suitable for some plant species, for example, for the wrapped saw. Most often, the seeds of potted plants are not able to fully ripen, but sometimes they are sold in flower shops. Seeds are sown in moist soil at a shallow depth, and then kept warm under glass or a bag. It is important to protect sprouts from dry air and overflow.

Cutting is carried out at any convenient time, including winter. Usually, apical cuttings about 10 cm long are used for it. They must have at least a few pairs of leaves. The separated parts of the shoots are placed in water or planted in wet sand or perlite. When they are rooted, they are moved to a small pot filled with a mixture of sand with leafy and greenhouse soil. To get a more lush bush, you can plant several cuttings in one container.

How the Pilea takes root in just 3 days!

Diseases and pests

The main problems with sawing are caused by a violation of the main rules of plant care.

  • Drying of the leaf plates and their falling off is associated with an uncomfortable temperature for the plant. Where the saw is, it may be too hot (above +27) or too cold. Another possible reason is overdrying of the soil.
  • Foliage withering is a sign of frequent stagnation of water in the soil and the processes of decay caused by it. Such leaves then begin to blacken and fall off, and the stems become soft.
  • Leaf flying may be due to their natural aging. In this case, only the lower saw blades fall off. If desired, such a plant can be rejuvenated by rooting a stalk taken from it.
  • Leaf pallor - usually caused by too bright light. In direct light, the pilea leaves can turn pale and acquire a slightly transparent color. On the edge of the plate may dry out. Drying can also be caused by a lack of light, because of it, the foliage loses its color, and also noticeably becomes smaller. At the same time, the shoots are stretched.
  • Brownish spots on foliage are usually a manifestation of sunburn.

If insect pests (spider mites, scale insects, thrips, etc.) have settled on the saw, they are fought with the help of insecticides. Due to the bumpy surface and pubescence of the leaf blades of many types of saws, it can be difficult to notice pests on such leaves in a timely manner. Often this can be done only in the later stages of infection. It is easier to prevent the appearance of such insects, observing all the conditions for growing the saw. To do this, you should not leave the plant in heat with low humidity levels.

Types and varieties of pilea with photos and names

Pilea has many varieties. And, interestingly, none of the species are similar. If you have no idea about the variety of pilea, then you may not even suspect about its presence at home. Of all the species, the Kadier (cadieri) and the hybrid form of the Norfolk variety shine with special beauty. But for some reason, the small-leaved and peperomium-shaped saws are much more popular, although they are inferior in beauty to certain species.

Pilea cadierei

This species is native to the Asian tropics. The plant reaches 40 cm in height. Its young stalks remain upright, but lodge with age. The stems of this species are bare and can branch significantly. The foliage is petiolate, oval-elongated. It has a sharp point at the end. Each plate has three longitudinal veins. The foliage of each plate is up to 20 cm, and the width is up to 5 cm. Such a saw is also called "aluminum" or "silver". These names are associated with the color of the foliage of the flower. The main background of the leaf is dark green or slightly bluish, and the spaces between the veins are colored silver. During the flowering period, such a pilea forms clusters of inflorescences in the leaf axils.

Due to the branching of shoots, this species can be used as an ampelous one. The formation of the crown is facilitated by periodic pinching. There are also more miniature subspecies of such a saw. So the variety "Minima" is a mini-version of it.

Small-leaved saw (Pilea microphylla)

Miniature species, reaching 15 cm in height. Forms twisting and branched shoots, covered with small foliage. Upon contact with the soil, its stems begin to take root. The leaf blades are bare, and their size reaches only 0.5 cm. They have a round or oval shape and are colored in a light green tone. In their sinuses, inflorescences-shields of tiny flowers are formed. The species also has variegated forms, their foliage is colored not only green, but also white-pink.

Among the names of such a saw - "artillery" or "gunner". When its flowers open their anthers, a cloud of pollen forms above them. It can be seen if you touch the flower of the plant in the summer.

Monofilament saw (Рilea nummulariifolia)

The species is distinguished by creeping shoots, the length of which reaches 40 cm. The foliage is round, bright green. An overgrown bush can play the role of a ground cover, forming a continuous carpet or a cascade of shoots. The species reproduces well by cuttings.

Wrapped saw (Pilea involucrata)

A low-growing bush no more than 30 cm in height. Has erect stems. Its foliage is opposite and has an oval shape with a taper at the end. The length of each leaf reaches 7 cm. The species is notable for the color of the leaves. The area along the veins of the green leaf is colored brown. The bumpy surface makes such leaf blades even more elegant.

This sawing often becomes the basis for creating hybrid forms.

Pilea peperomioides (Pilea peperomioides)

The bush has a low, stiff stem. The foliage is large, round, with a solid bright green color and a glossy surface. It is located on long petioles. At home, the species almost does not bloom.

Creeping saw (Pilea repens)

A bush with creeping stems up to 25 cm in size. It has smooth, rounded foliage. Its dimensions reach 2.5 cm. The edge of each leaf is wavy, and the color combines several colors. On the outside, the plates are painted in a deep green color, and the villi on them are slightly cast copper. The seamy side is purple in color.

Pilea spruce (Pilea spruceana)

Peruvian species also found in Venezuela. It has ovoid, rounded leaves located on short petioles. Their apex can be blunt or slightly pointed. The leaves are opposite and have a wrinkled matte surface and a variegated color. It can combine different tones of bronze, green and silver.

Pilea "Bronze"

Hybrid form. Forms erect stems up to 30 cm high. It has oval leaf blades, pointed at the end. Their length reaches 7 cm. The wrinkled surface of the leaf has a dark green color, complemented by a wide silver or bronze stripe. It is usually located along the main vein of the leaf.

Pilea "Norfolk"

Young shoots of this form of pilea retain their vertical shape, but then gradually begin to lie down. It has velvety green foliage decorated with reddish-brown veins. The inside is painted in shades of purple. The surface of the sheet is covered with wrinkles.

Pilea "Silver Tree"

Another hybrid form. It is considered a climbing plant. Its oval leaf blades have a serrated edge and slight pubescence.Hair can be white or reddish. The plate itself is colored dark green, and in its center is a silvery stripe. In addition, silvery specks may be present on the leaf.


Pilea: species with photos and descriptions, home care rules

Pylaea is a perennial and annual plant from the Nettle family. In nature, it is found in tropical forests almost all over the planet. Pilea is one of the most beautiful houseplant species, in shape and texture. The types of pilea are so diverse that it is difficult to combine them with one name. They can be shrubs, shrubs, grass, and so on.

They have embossed or variegated leaves, and they decorate the apartment with them all year round. Pylaea are not capricious, hardy, and although not durable, they have luxurious small foliage. Growing this plant is not a difficult task, just like breeding, it grows well in greenhouses, apartments and conservatories.


TYPES OF PILAE

Pilea Cadier (R. cadierei). More common than others. The largest of the saws. Its shoots, which grow up to 40 cm, are erect at a young age, then lie down. The main color of the leaf plate is dark green, there are intermittent silvery-white strokes along the central vein. P. Kadier has a dwarf form, which more and more often displaces its "parent" from the windowsills.

Pilea Spruce (R. spruceana). Very popular. The leaves are predominantly bronze in color with noticeable silvery stripes.

Pylaea wrapped (P. involucrata). It grows in a low erect bush. Differs in fleshy strongly tuberous bright green leaves with a contrasting dark crimson color along the veins

Small-leaved saw (P. microphylla).

A miniature (15 cm) plant from the American tropics with abundantly branching densely leafy shoots, an openwork silhouette resembling a fern bush. In nature, it grows along moist shady river banks, which makes it the most shade-tolerant and moisture-loving of the pili.

Peperomia pylaea (R. pereromioides). It is not immediately possible to recognize it as a saw. A charming plant with round bright green leaves on long petioles, outwardly very similar to some representatives of the Peperomia genus.

The species described above have a more or less erect habit, although with age, the shoots lodge and take root in the nodes. But among the saws there are forms that can well be attributed to ground cover and even ampelous plants.

Pylaea (P. glaucophylla). Forms a dense mat of creeping pinkish shoots, densely covered with small rounded silvery leaves. Spectacular miniature appearance, ideal for florariums. This pilea can also be found under other names - "Lebanese" or "gray" (the plant has not been identified by taxonomists at the moment).

Pilea monetacious (R. nummulariifolia). The leaves are bright green, strongly corrugated, 1-1.5 cm in diameter.

Pressed saw (R. depressa). The leaves are smaller than those of the previous species, smooth, emerald. A beautiful and spectacular view with drooping branching shoots.

Many of the above species have cultivars. For example, there are numerous and popular hybrids based on P. wrapped and P. Spruce. Of these, the most decorative and widespread varieties are 'Moon Valley', Bronze, Silver Tree ',' Norfolk ', Ellen.

In addition to its high decorative qualities, the great advantage of the sawa as a houseplant is its biological characteristics. It grows rapidly, branches well and renews itself.


Plant Pilea hybrid Norfolk 15 cm

Herbaceous perennial with erect and lodging mature shoots. It has leaves of unusual and rare beauty: bright green, reddish-brown along the veins, strongly wrinkled, velvety, covered with the smallest bristly hairs.

Pilea prefers bright, diffused light, without direct sunlight. In winter, the plant is also placed in a bright place. With a lack of light, the plants lose their decorative color of the leaves. Plants prefer moderately warm air temperatures (up to 25 degrees Celsius) throughout the year. In winter, temperatures drop to 15 degrees Celsius. Also, in winter, drafts are very dangerous for the plant.

In the spring-summer period, the saw is watered abundantly, with soft, settled water, after the top layer of the substrate dries up. In winter, watering is reduced, watering a day or two after the top layer of the substrate dries up. The substrate should not be overmoistened, the soil should always be slightly damp. The pilea is not as sensitive to accidental drying out of the earthy coma as to overflow. Due to waterlogging of the soil, especially in winter, the leaves may wither and fade. It is not worth spraying the plants, since spraying the pubescent wrinkled leaves can damage their decorative effect.

They are fed from March to August weekly, in autumn and winter - once every 4-5 weeks with flower fertilizer.


Once my mother-in-law gave me her palm tree. Just a wonderful palm tree - I called it a coin. But recently I found out that my plant is called Pilea peperomium. It is also called the Chinese money tree. And since the traditional money tree - a fat woman - does not want to grow with me, I was satisfied with this.

Generally speaking, this is not a palm tree, but a bush. It grows in length up to 45 centimeters. The leaves are located at the very top of the trunk. But the beauty is preserved due to the fact that the plant constantly releases side shoots from the root. So, due to the fact that there are several levels of processes, the sawe looks like a tree with antennas.

In order for the plant to feel good, you need to constantly take care of the size of the pot and buy a new one, which is larger not only in length, but also in width. Then there is enough space for all the shoots.

Pilea loves water. I water it every day (in winter, twice a week). Because the plant loves to be sprayed, I water it once a week in the shower so that not only the roots, but also the leaves are saturated with moisture. Top dressing is usual, like that of other plants - about once every 2 weeks. In this case, the leaves will be beautiful and large.

Juicy green leaves, like other similar plants, do not really like direct sunlight. Therefore, it is worth considering placing the bush on the other side. It grows beautifully for me on the north window. But there should still be enough light, especially in winter.

In general, I recommend this plant - it is extremely unpretentious. But it looks very interesting!


Pilea Kadier

• it is better to keep Pilea in indoor greenhouses, florariums
• used as an ampelous plant, as a planting in tubs with large-sized plants
• in winter gardens, greenhouses

after 1-2 years in pots of standard proportions

turf land: leafy land: sand (1: 3: 1)

• intensive growth, characteristic of Pylaea, leads to exposure of the lower part of the stem - this deficiency is especially pronounced in the winter months
• with a lack of nutrition, overdrying of the root ball, a brown border may appear on the leaves
• with waterlogging of the soil, leaf rot is possible
• can be affected by spider mites

in room conditions, forced (from October to February) due to low illumination and humidity

easily rooted by cuttings in water or in a mixture of peat and sand

• needs shading from direct sunlight
• short pruning is required to maintain compactness of the bush in the spring of Pilea
• does not tolerate waterlogging of the soil

leaves 8-10 cm long, 5 cm wide, decorated with longitudinal rows of silvery-white spots between veins, light green or reddish below


Description

The name of the pileus comes from the word pileus (Latin), and translates as "cap" or "cap". This is attributed to the fact that its perianth leaves are similar in shape to the hood.

The genus Pilea has more than 600 species and belongs to the nettle family. These plants are both annual and perennial. You can meet in the wild anywhere in the tropical zone, excluding Australia.

Plants are hardy and decorative, grow up to 40 centimeters in height, completely covered with leaves. Their stems are erect, and only sometimes creeping or prostrate, with many branches at the base.

The leaves are arranged cross-opposite, with smooth edges or serrate. In shape, they are ovoid or oblong, and in size from 3 millimeters to 10 centimeters. They are often covered with hairs.

The flowers of the pilea are small, unisexual, grow singly or gather in an umbellate inflorescence, sometimes paniculate inflorescences are found. In color, they are yellow, pink and cream with a green tint.

There is a lot of pollen in them, and if you accidentally touch a flower, a cloud will rise, pollinating neighboring plants. She has an unusual distribution of fruits, similar to a catapult.

By the time the seed box ripens, the flower's stamens grow and hardly hold the fruit in place. And at some point, the stamens straighten and throw the fruit up to 100 meters to the side.

Pilea types

There are over 600 plant species in modern horticulture.

  1. Pilea Kadier. It is a graceful herb. The stems of the plant are erect, very thin and easy to bend. The leaf plates are distinguished by an interesting and strict pattern, are painted in dark green tones and grow up to 10 centimeters. They attract attention with their silvery stripes located between the leaf veins and effectively emphasizing the oval of the leaf. As the plant matures, the leaves begin to bend beautifully, emphasizing the glossy highlights, and the stem takes an ampelous shape, bending downward. The sawe grows up to 40 centimeters.

The most famous variety of this type of pilea is "Minima". It is a dwarf variety that appears to be a complete miniature replica of a common plant.

  1. Peperomium pylaea. It is a very small plant, up to 30 centimeters, with an erect stem, brown with a green tint, and small rounded leaves on long petioles. In their shape, the leaves of the pilea resemble water lilies. They are painted in a bright glossy green color, and their surface shines through with a beautiful and embossed mesh of veins. This species blooms at home extremely rarely, but in a very beautiful color. The homeland of this species is India. The saw loses its decorative effect after 2-3 years, and requires renewal, while it has a dormant period, which should not be forgotten.
  2. Small-leaved saw. It grows in height only up to 15 centimeters, has pinkish or greenish shoots. On its branches there are a large number of very small leaves, growing up to 3-5 millimeters. They are bright green in color, shiny and with a fleshy structure, they let in sunlight well, and because of this the plant looks very delicate. In modern horticulture, this species includes such a variety as mossy saw, which is distinguished by dwarf growth. In appearance, it looks like a tussock of moss, releasing lateral shoots from the leaf sinuses.
  3. Monofilament saw. It is a groundcover perennial plant. Its stems are creeping, with rounded leaves on petioles, coin-shaped. Their diameter can be up to one centimeter, and the color is delicate white-green. By forming a continuous leaf cover, the sawe can create spectacular cascades or solid carpets.
  4. Pilea Spruce. In appearance, this type of plant resembles a reptile. Its stems are lodging, and grow up to 20 centimeters. Matte leaves grow wrinkled and are brown with a reddish tint. There are serrations along the edges of the leaves, and in the center there are silvery stripes between the veins, the edge of the leaf is pointed and elongated. All this gives the plant a resemblance to a lizard or a snake. What is further enhanced by burgundy or brown blister growths. A well-known hybrid of the pilea spruce is the Norfolk variety with bright green leaves with a velvety texture, with dark burgundy veins. The back of the leaves is deep red.
  5. Wrapped saw. This species differs from others in its bubbly leaves, colored copper, bronze with green or red. The wrapped saw can add a metallic sheen to your design. In height, it grows up to 30 centimeters, its stems are erect, and the leaves are oval up to 7 centimeters in length. The surface of the leaves is rough, with a bright color.
  6. Pilea Lebanese. This plant, with its drooping shoots, with rounded silvery leaves, similar to confetti, reminds of the jungle in miniature.
  7. The saw is pressed down. It is a spectacular species with beautifully drooping shoots. Its small bushes look a little flattened, pressed to the ground and beautifully curly.
  8. Creeping saw. Small bushes of this species, about 25 centimeters, are remembered by shoots creeping along the ground, rounded glossy leaves up to two and a half centimeters in length and unusual copper-colored pubescence.
  9. Thick-leaved saw. It is a very popular plant. It has green leaves with a reddish tint. Their surface is bumpy and relief, and with stripes along the edges of a light color, which looks like velvet powdered with dust.
  10. Pileae Bronze and Silver Tree. These hybrid perennials are very popular, growing up to 30 centimeters, with leaves growing up to 7 centimeters, opposite and oval in shape, with a sharp end and wrinkled surface. The color of the leaves is dark, with a black tint, and with stripes between the veins of a silvery or bronze color.

Home care

Pylaea are very non-capricious plants. They are not afraid of droughts and instability in care. With serious mistakes in care, she may die, but she will not notice small ones.

The saw can be grown as a houseplant in a pot or in a hanging planter, a tall pot or on a stand.

  • Lighting... It should be scattered and bright, but without direct sun exposure. It grows best on the windowsills of windows facing the east or west side. When placed on the south side, it is better to place it away from the window, or make the light diffuse. In the summer, it is allowed to take the plant out into the air, in a shady place. In winter, it is necessary to provide additional lighting, since if it is not enough, then the saw can change the color of the leaves, which will change its decorative effect. The plant can be placed in living rooms, as well as in the kitchen and bathroom. Thanks to its compact size, the saw fits perfectly into the design.
  • Temperature. Pylaea feel great in city apartments, with their constant temperature at any time of the year. The most optimal temperature is 25 degrees. Some varieties like cool places, and feel good at temperatures of about 10-15 degrees, this is a small-leaved and peperomial pilea. But for most plant varieties, it is best not to drop the temperature below 17 degrees. It is also necessary to remember that in the winter time you cannot arrange drafts next to the plant, this is dangerous for her.
  • Humidity. For the successful growth of the saws, the usual humidity in the room is quite enough, but additional humidification is needed during the heating period. Plants do not tolerate spraying, the decorative properties of the pilea are lost with them, and therefore they need to be moistened in other ways. It is optimal to use special electronic humidifiers. Or you can place the saw pots next to the moss or water pots. But you should not leave water in the trays after watering, as this will lead to waterlogging of the soil.
  • Watering. The advantage of this plant is that it develops well even with unstable moisture. They tolerate a slight drought well, but with long breaks and excessive moisture they can die.It should be remembered that in the case of watering the saw, it is better to water less often than more often. The moisture content of the soil should be lower than the usual average moisture content. Therefore, it is necessary to wait until the soil in the pot is completely dry, and only then water it. It is better to pour water out of the pallet immediately. Watering should be done less frequently in winter. And for successful cultivation, a strategy with frequent but poor watering is best suited than a rare but abundant one.
  • Top dressing of the saw. Feeding this plant is a must when growing at home. Without obtaining the desired elements, the leaves of the sawtooth become smaller. Top dressing in the spring and summer is carried out after 10 days. Fertilize better with store-bought special fertilizers or mixtures for ornamental deciduous plants. In autumn and winter, they feed much less often, once a month is enough.
  • Pruning. The growth of the pilea occurs quite quickly, and if you do not prune in time, you can get, instead of a beautiful decorative flower, a tangled ball of leaves and branches. Pruning should be done regularly, and cuttings should be used for propagation. You also need to remember about pinching the top of the plant to get a more lush flower.
  • Transfer. All types of pilea are subject to rapid degeneration. Their bushes stretch out, leaves bare the stems, the plant loses its compact size and decorative effect. Therefore, it is recommended to update the saws annually, growing a new plant from the cuttings, and replanting it in the place of the old one. But this is optional. Rejuvenation can be done when the saw loses its attractiveness. The transplant can be carried out at any time in the first half of the year. The plant is divided into parts, if necessary, and transplanted into pots with good drainage.

Before transplanting, you must trim and pinch the tips. It is by pinching that you can ensure that the annual plant renewal is not needed.

It is better to get to the soil humus, with a loose structure. You can buy a special mixture for decorative deciduous plants in the store.

And choose a container no deeper than 10 centimeters, since the root system of the plant is compact. Planters, trays and interesting vessels are well suited for growing.

Propagation of the pilea

There are two breeding methods for this plant.

  • Propagation by cuttings. For it, you can use the upper cuttings, about 10 centimeters long with two or three pairs of leaves. After cutting, the cuttings are placed in water, dropped into the sand, or planted in several pieces at once in pots. In either case, the cuttings will quickly root and the new plant will begin to develop. You can carry out cuttings at any time of the year. After the plant has taken root, it must be placed in a cool place for 2 weeks, and then moved to its usual place.
  • Reproduction by seeds. In this way, only some species of pylaea reproduce, and at home the seeds do not ripen often. But they can be bought at the store. Germinate the seed in the warmth, under glass or film, only lightly sprinkling it with sand and peat soil on top. Seedlings must be well moistened and not overflowed. Seedlings usually appear within 4 weeks, after which they are transplanted into separate pots.

Diseases and pests

If the irrigation and temperature regimes are not followed, the leaves of the pilea wrinkle and dry out. And from excessive watering, the leaves begin to wither, then turn black and fall off, and the stems become soft.

In bright light, discoloration of the leaves is possible, which becomes transparent. And if the sun is not enough, the leaves will simply dry out. With sunburns, spots appear on the leaves, brown and yellow.

Moreover, if the lower leaves fall off, then this is normal.

Of the pests, thrips, spider mites and scale insects are dangerous for the saw. You can fight them with insecticides.


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