Propagation of felt cherries by seeds, as the most convenient option

 Propagation of felt cherries by seeds, as the most convenient option

It is not difficult to purchase seedlings of tree or bush ordinary cherries, and the range of varieties offered is quite wide, but felt cherry is another matter, the reproduction of which is not so in demand among gardeners. And in vain! After all, the fruits of felt cherries have a pleasant sweet taste with a slightly noticeable sourness, the flesh of cherries is very tender, juicy and aromatic, and there are a lot of vitamins in it.

Choosing a convenient way to propagate felt cherries

Already in the third year after planting, the felt cherry bushes are covered with a fragrant cloud of snow-white flowers, and by the end of June the branches become completely covered with red berries that do not crumble for a long time.

Of course, the felted cherry is not the perfect cherry. She could not earn universal love because of the short life span (only 10 years), the small size of the fruit and the hard-to-separate seed. Nevertheless, this shrub should be planted on the site, if not for the sake of fruits, then at least for beauty - the flowering cherry bush looks very gorgeous in spring, and during fruiting the felt cherry looks very decorative.

It is not necessary to look for felt cherry seedlings on sale: if you have a good fruiting bush in mind, you can root cuttings from it, and if someone treats you with delicious fruits, as if covered with soft felt, you can easily master the propagation of cherries with seeds.

Felt cherry video

Generally, the felted cherry can be propagated in four ways:

  • sowing seeds (suitable for breeding a species, not a cherry variety);
  • grafting on ordinary cherries of the Vladimirskaya variety, on thorny plums, apricots, peaches and cherry plums;
  • lignified or green cuttings (this is the best way to propagate the most productive cherries);
  • layering, laying the lower branches in the grooves from spring and looking after them during the season.

The choice of method depends only on your preferences. Think about which one will be the most convenient for you? Most gardeners still prefer the easiest and most affordable option - seed propagation of cherries... Growing cherries from seeds not only does not require special skills, but in most cases gives a good result, the plant immediately adapts to climatic conditions. The traits of the mother plant through seeds are inherited in six cases out of ten.

Growing cherries from pits not only does not require special skills

If you have never dealt with layering and cuttings, try propagating felt cherries with regular seeds first. Having planted several pieces, you will certainly be able to grow a worthy cherry bush with wonderful fruits from at least one.

Cherry seed propagation - how to do it right?

You should not bury all the seeds from the eaten cherries in the ground with the attitude "maybe something will grow." Seed propagation of cherries requires a more serious approach.

First of all, you will need to select the highest quality planting material: the fruits should be large, with a small bone, which is easily separated from the pulp, sweet and sour cherries with a harmonious balanced taste are preferred. If possible, it is advisable to take cherries from compact bushes without hanging branches, with dark green leaves and strong wood, high productivity and simultaneous ripening of fruits are also important.

Rinse the seeds separated from the pulp and dry well in the shade. For some time they can be stored in a plastic bag, and at the end of August mixed with moistened river sand and removed to a cool place until October, periodically watering the sand. It is best to sow cherry pits in the ground before winter so that they undergo natural stratification, but spring planting is also possible.

Rinse the seeds separated from the pulp and dry well in the shade

How to propagate cherries using seeds, instructions:

  • two weeks before the onset of autumn frosts, bones mixed with sand are sown in open ground;
  • grooves are made on the bed with a depth of about two centimeters with row spacing of 30 cm and the bones are planted 50 cm apart;
  • crops are covered with a layer of sawdust, peat or humus;
  • in the spring, when the shoots of felt cherries appear, they are thinned out, leaving the strongest, most developed plants;
  • during the summer, seedlings need care - watering, loosening the soil, weed control (with good care, young cherries can grow up to 50-70 cm and more over the summer);
  • if necessary, annual seedlings can be covered with a film for the winter or sprinkled with snow so that they do not freeze from severe frosts;
  • young felt cherry bushes are transplanted in the second year in spring or autumn;
  • plants are planted in a permanent place with a distance of at least one meter in a row and two meters between rows.

In order for the felt cherry to bear fruit regularly, do not limit yourself to one bush.

With this breeding option, felt cherry begins to bear fruit in the third year. At the same time, the fruits may even surpass the mother plant in taste.

If you plan to plant the seeds in the spring, then they must be subjected to a three-month stratification: mix with wet sand and from the end of December put them in a refrigerator or in a cellar so that the temperature is not higher than +7 degrees. Once a month, the sand must be stirred to provide oxygen to the bones, and when the sand dries up, pour a little water.

In the spring, when the ground warms up, cherry pits are sown in prepared fertilized soil to a depth of about four centimeters. But in the event that the seeds have already begun to germinate, and the snow is still in the garden, you should stop the development of the sprouts by placing the seeds on ice or snow.

Video about felt cherries

Do not forget that, like other varieties of cherries, felt cherries are quite unpretentious to the soil, but they should not be planted in lowlands, since melt water can cause rotting of its roots.

In order for the felt cherry to bear fruit regularly, do not limit yourself to one bush - this variety is self-fertile, which means that it needs pollinating shrubs growing nearby to pollinate and form fruit. Therefore, it is recommended to plant several felt cherry bushes opposite each other. And given the fact that the fruiting of the bushes stops after about ten years, you can gradually grow new cherry bushes from the seeds and replace the old ones in a timely manner.

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Felt cherry planting rules

Having seen at least once how the felt cherry blossoms and having tasted its sweet-sour fruits, you will definitely want to have such a tree in your summer cottage. However, the planting and maintenance of felt cherry, which was originally planned and carried out with errors, can be disappointing for any gardener. After reading this article, you can easily plant the felt cherry, and also learn how to properly care for it. And then you are guaranteed an excellent berry harvest.


How to propagate felt cherries

Felt cherry is a favorite stone fruit crop for many of our gardeners. Its fruits are not as sour as those of ordinary cherries and even somewhat taste like sweet cherries. And the bushes of the felt cherry are low and compact; they take up little space in the garden. Here is what Anatoly Kucherov from Yekaterinburg told us about her and how to propagate felt cherries.

“Felt cherry appeared in my garden twenty years ago, when ordinary cherry trees stopped bearing fruit all over the area due to some illness. Now this is my main stone fruit culture, which I am very pleased with. It is always convenient to harvest from it. When the felt cherries are ripe, it is impossible to tear the grandchildren from the bush, and I myself eat them fresh in handfuls without any consequences for the stomach. And what remains is used for compotes and freezing.

What is Felt Cherry? This is a compact tree or shrub, very beautiful during the flowering period. In spring, all branches are covered with pink-white flowers with a slight aroma, over which a swarm of insects constantly swirls, among which there are many pollinators useful for the garden. And the felt cherry becomes even more beautiful when the bright red fruits ripen. In my garden, these trees are planted in a row, so it turned out to be a magnificent hedge.

For all the years, I have not noticed any pests or diseases on the felt cherry bushes. But, unfortunately, this culture is not durable. The productive age of the felt cherry is not more than 10 years. But this case is fixable, since it is very convenient to renew it.

How to propagate felted cherries? It’s quite simple. The tree does not give root growth and does not cut well. But it is easy to grow it from an ordinary bone. If you make it a rule to regularly prepare seedlings, then you will not have problems with fruiting bushes. Felt pitted cherries do not lose their qualities. For example, I sow two dozen seeds every year before winter and always have at hand the right amount of seedlings for myself and for sale. The seeds germinate well. Two-year-old seedlings can already be transplanted to a permanent place. "


Conditions for growing felt cherries

Felt cherry grows best on fertile and light (loamy, sandy loam), well-drained soil with a neutral reaction. Heavy waterlogged and peat bogs are not suitable for her. Excess moisture adversely affects growth, fruiting and overwintering, which leads to the death of the bushes. It is advisable to lime acidic soil. The felt cherry needs a sunny place, it does not tolerate shading at all.

Depending on the self-fertility of the variety, for better pollination on the site, it is advisable to plant either several seedlings, or several varieties (at least three).

Self-fertile varieties of felt cherries: Delight, Eastern, Children's, Beauty, Summer, Dream, Spark, Fairy tale, Dark-haired oriental, Triana, Princess, Jubilee.

Self-fertile varieties of felt cherry: Alice, Natalie, Okeanskaya virovskaya, Autumn virovskaya


What diseases is prone to

Timely recognition and knowledge of treatment methods helps to capture the disease in the early stages and cope with it as soon as possible.

Moniliosis, or monilial burn

The calm life of the felt cherry is often disturbed by moniliosis. The cause of the disease is the fungus Monilia. The first signs of moniliosis are very easy to detect: cracks and gum stains appear on the bark, leaves turn yellow and wither, and branches begin to dry out over time. If you do not start treatment early, the plant will die.

When an infection occurs, all affected areas are cut and burned. Before flowering, the shrub is sprayed with a solution of "Fundazol", "Topaz" or "Topsin". In regions with high humidity and frequent rains, a double treatment with these preparations is carried out with an interval of two weeks.

Coccomycosis

The leaves turn yellow, become covered with dark spots and crumble. Felt cherry was struck by coccomycosis. Various fungicides are used to treat this disease.

Pocket disease

A fungal disease such as pocket disease causes unusual ovaries to appear on felt cherries. After active flowering, seedless fruits are formed on the affected bush. Spores of a fungus ripen in them, actively affecting shrubs and reducing productivity.

If you do not urgently take any measures, then in a year the complete death of the tree is possible.

A number of preventive measures will help to avoid pocket disease:

  • planting young seedlings in a sunny, well-ventilated area, not shaded by tall trees
  • prevention of crown thickening by timely pruning
  • annual spring treatment of the bush with a solution of copper sulfate or Bordeaux liquid.

In case of illness, all affected areas of the tree are cut off and burned. The bush is treated with systemic fungicides.


How can felted cherries be propagated?

Having decided to plant a felt cherry on their site, many are wondering how this garden culture multiplies. Reproduction of cherries is possible by seedlings, cuttings, horizontal layers and even seeds. Cherry cuttings are a rather complicated process, so only experienced gardeners often resort to it. For those who first decided to start growing cherries, propagation of culture by seedlings is more suitable. Felt cherry seeds can be propagated, but in this case you should be ready for painstaking work. For this, the seeds are usually harvested from the highest quality fruits of productive bushes. Next, the collected seeds need to be washed and dried. It is necessary to store the seeds until October in a mixture with wet sand, after which they can already be planted in the soil at a shallow depth of about 3-4 cm. The seedlings are left to grow for three years and then transplanted to the prepared area.

Planting Felt Cherries in Spring: Highlights

It is necessary to plant felt cherries with seedlings in early spring before the buds swell. You can plant the plant in the fall. However, in this case, you need to be in time before October. If until October the cherry was not transplanted into the ground, then you can leave it to winter in the basement and plant the seedling on the site next spring. When choosing a place for planting a seedling in the spring, it is worth considering that he does not like heavy and acidic soils. Also, when choosing a place, you should pay attention to the fact that it is not darkened. Felt cherries do not like darkening and usually, when grown in such an area, they begin to stretch, and the berries become smaller. You don't need to plant felt cherries in areas with groundwater or moisture. All this is detrimental to the shrub and will affect its successful growth and fruiting. For planting felt cherries in the spring, a pit is prepared in a selected area. The width of the pit for cherries should be within 50-60 cm. The depth of the hole is not more than 50 cm. Rotted manure and mineral fertilizers must be placed in the pit under the seedling. The plant is placed at a distance of at least 2 meters between each other. When planting a seedling, its root collar does not need to be deepened. Strong deepening will contribute to decay and the planted seedling will simply die over time. After planting, the bush must be watered and the earth is mulched. In order to get good yields, it is necessary to plant several varieties of cherries at once in the immediate vicinity of each other in the spring. So you can ensure full pollination of the plant, which will subsequently affect the yield of cherries.

Do you need to feed felt cherries?

In the first years of life after spring planting, felt cherry must be weeded in a timely manner and the soil near it must be loosened. This will provide the necessary air access to the roots and affect the development of the plant. In dry weather, the shrub must be watered. It is also necessary to feed the cherries. However, the first top dressing is applied only three years after planting. You need to feed the shrub twice a season. In the spring, it is better to make complex compositions, but in late July or early August, phosphorus and potash fertilizers. It is very important not to forget about the formation of the cherry crown. Too thickened crown prevents fruiting shoots from receiving the required amount of light, respectively, the berries will be small and begin to ripen worse.For this reason, the plant must be cut off annually, leaving 10-12 fruiting shoots on it.

More information about planting felt cherries in spring will be discussed in this video. Leave your comments and suggestions for the article.


Felt cherry flavor. Culture information

Felt cherry belongs to a fairly fertile horticultural crop. More than 9 kg of berries can be obtained from one tree. Fruit ripening is very amicable. The culture is not very demanding in its care. Trees are able to withstand quite high (35 - 40 degrees) frosts, as well as prolonged drought. Saplings grow and develop quickly, which cannot be said about other types of cherries.

Important! The berries are firmly attached to the stalk and do not crumble until the end of the season.

The culture looks like low bushes. Thanks to this, several bushes can be grown in small areas. They have an attractive appearance, especially during the flowering period, so many gardeners use felt cherry bushes to decorate the site.

The felt cherry tastes like a plum. Often it is crossed with plum, apricot, cherry plum or peach. Crossing with cherries is extremely rare.

Fruit ripening occurs several weeks earlier than that of ordinary cherries. Berries contain a large amount of carbohydrates, organic acids, vitamins B, PP, C, iron. This makes them very beneficial for the human body.

Berries are used for making desserts, compotes, winter spins, and various drinks. They are frozen for the winter or dried.

Important! The lack of culture is a short life span, which does not exceed 10 years. But through periodic pruning and thinning of shrubs, the life of felt cherries can be extended almost 2 times.


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