Twilight consumes the personality of the garden, rendering it lifeless and unsafe to move around. Skillfully organized illumination of paths in the country house is designed to return the beauty of the surrounding space, and at the same time the feeling of comfort and security. Moreover, the nocturnal image of a familiar place can become completely different: mysterious, but no less attractive from this.
General principles of organizing decorative lighting
When organizing landscape lighting, it is important to be guided by the following principles:
- For year-round lighting of paths, you should choose all-season equipment that can function in different weather conditions for more than one year. Caring for him should not create any special problems.
- Backlighting tracks without taking into account the light balance can cause discomfort. Flooded with blinding light, they will not give the opportunity to admire a beautifully designed tree, pond or gazebo.
- Walking through the night garden, a person feels more confident if he walks in the direction from a dark area to a light one, so the facade of the house should always seem brighter than other objects.
- Psychological comfort at night is provided by the illumination of the boundaries of the site.
When planning decorative lighting for a summer cottage, it is important not to overdo it, because an excess of light can destroy the zest of a night garden - its mystery. The easiest way is to place lamps of the same type along the garden paths. This will create the visual basis for the night garden.
You can learn more about how to choose the right lamp for the garden from the material: https://diz-cafe.com/dekor/obzor-svetilnikov-dlya-sada.html
Psychologically comfortable illumination of paths - the lamps are bright enough, but do not irritate the eyes
What kind of fixtures to use?
The choice of the light source depends on the required lighting power, weather and seasonal conditions under which the lamp will be used, and the preferred color mode of its operation (dim, natural or bright). Classification of luminaires according to the principle of operation:
- Incandescent lamps. The light output of such a source is only 15lm / W, and it will last only a thousand hours.
- Halogen lamps work twice as long as incandescent lamps with a slight difference in light output.
- Metal halide lamps. Light output - 100lm / W. Service life - 12 thousand hours. These lamps create light that is close to natural light, but they get very hot, so they should not be placed next to plants.
- Fluorescent lamps need a waterproof case. Large lamps with such lamps are difficult to operate, and at temperatures below 5 ° C they often fail. These lamps emit light reminiscent of the moon. Light output - 80lm / W with a service life of up to 15 thousand hours.
- Sodium lamps give a bright orange-yellow light. They have a record light output of 150-200lm / W and a service life of up to 28.5 thousand hours.
- LEDs. The light they emit depends on the type of crystal. Light output - 160lm / W, service life - up to 34 years.
Classification according to the principle of creating lighting:
- Lanterns or floor lamps used most often for the main road to the house. They are made in retro or hi-tech style. It is important that the light source is below the person's gaze, does not dazzle him and does not interfere with the perception of the surrounding landscape.
- Marking lighting. Bollard or bollard luminaires do not so much illuminate the space as they indicate the direction of movement. They are more often used on secondary tracks.
- Luminous paving stones. LED tiles are used in the paving process together with paving slabs or paving stones. It perfectly performs the function of a backlight.
- Solar powered devices. These mobile devices come in a variety of designs and are used for decorative purposes. Their batteries are charged by the sun, and at night they automatically turn on LEDs that work until the morning.
By installing solar-powered luminaires, you can reduce your electricity bills because they work autonomously. Read about it: https://diz-cafe.com/dekor/sadovoe-osveshhenie-na-solnechnyx-batareyax.html
If the lighting of the paths in the country house will be organized not only on the basis of devices with solar panels, its system should be developed at the initial stage of the implementation of the landscape project. Imprudence may incur additional costs.
Tile-mounted LEDs illuminate the paths perfectly, but they need special care
Solar-powered snails are a decoration of any path, but such models of lamps still need to be looked for
Video example of the work result
The appearance of the luminaires should be in harmony with the design of the surrounding space. The abundance of decorative elements and light overflows combined with numerous delights will overload the visual perception and create an annoying sense of chaos. In this case, it is better to do with laconic or hidden light sources. But the strict landscape can be diversified with stylish lamps of an unusual shape.
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How to highlight paths in the country
Illumination of paths in a garden area performs several functions at the same time. This is getting additional landmarks in the dark and decorating individual elements of the garden. How is the illumination of paths in the country done with your own hands? What types of lamps and lamps are more appropriate to use? How to install and connect equipment yourself? Answers further.
Garden path lighting
DIY garden lighting
The posts of the luminaires shown in photo 1 are made of thin-walled non-pressure PVC pipes, which are usually used as sewers and gutters. The luminaires are equipped with energy-saving lamps, which give soft diffused light. Shades - glass, provide protection from moisture.
The base of the plafond is a plug for PVC pipes with remote protruding edges, in the middle of which a hole is cut.
A conventional lamp holder is inserted into the hole of the plug and is filled with synthetic resin (photo 2). The plug, complete with a cartridge connected to the cable, is fixed on a special (for PVC) glue in a stand pipe.
The luminaire posts can be made up of sections (curved or straight) of PVC pipes, simply by pushing one on top of the other using rubber seals.
In the luminaire in photo 3, a "carrier" with a fluorescent lamp-"tube" hidden in a sealed plastic case together with a ballast is used as a light source.
The "carrier" is suspended by the hook (which it has on the upper cap) to the luminaire cover, fixed on three threaded rods (photo 4). The cord from the lamp is passed down and taken out through the hole in the side wall of the lamp post.
It is possible to install lamps on the site by breaking into the ground and concreting directly the lower ends of the stand pipes.
However, it is better to make the lamps easily removable so that they can be removed for the winter and hidden until next season. To do this, in the necessary places, for example, along the paths, small pieces of the same pipes with a funnel-bell at the upper end are dug into the ground (see figure).
The lower end of the lamp stands is inserted into these sockets (photo 11). Standard rubber O-rings reliably seal the joint. For removable luminaires, a cable connector should be provided.
The cable itself from the lamp is passed down the pipe and led out through the hole in the side wall of the lamp post.
When organizing lighting in the garden, it is very important to comply with all electrical safety standards. Therefore, it is better to entrust the electrical work, the laying of cables and the connection of lamps to specialists.
If you want to do everything with your own hands, without having the appropriate knowledge and experience, then use a 12 V voltage to power the garden lamps, which does not pose a threat to the life of humans and pets. Safety measures when working with such a voltage are reduced to protecting cable networks from accidental mechanical damage and short circuit (photo 5-9).
To illuminate the driveway or steps of the stairs, you can make lamps with screens from hollow concrete blocks of various shapes (photo 10). In addition to their direct purpose, such lamps can be used as plinths, for example, for flowerpots or pedestals for garden benches.
Their main advantage is that they give a sufficiently bright, but at the same time not "blinding" (side) light. These lamps are installed not only at ground level. It is quite possible to raise them a little if you fold a low pedestal from the same or other shaped blocks.
Unusual from a technical point of view, luminaires can be made from anchor sleeves-glasses, intended for the installation of pillars and supports from a bar with a section of 100 × 100 mm. The electric cartridge is installed in a glass so that the light from the lamp is directed upward. Moreover, in this design, it is better to use lamps with a directed luminous flux - mirror.
The glass is closed from above with a reflector curved from galvanized sheet metal (photo 12).
The easiest way is to attach the reflector to the glass using galvanized
bathroom (or aluminum) angle brackets, threaded studs MB 130-150 mm long with nuts and distance aluminum tubes (photo 13).
All steel fasteners must be zinc coated to protect them from corrosion. Otherwise, after the first rain, they will be covered with a reddish coating of rust, which will ruin the appearance of this original lamp.
The power cord from the electric cartridge is taken out of the glass through one of the side holes intended for fastening a wooden post, or directly through the bottom of the glass.
Installing the lamp shown in photo 12 is easy - you need
just stick the lower end of the anchor into the ground to a depth of 100-150 mm. This will be quite enough for its reliable fastening.
To give garden lamps with standard lighting fixtures an unusual look, sometimes it is enough to cover them with a homemade lampshade made, for example, from a metal trash can (photo 14, 15).
The only requirement for such lampshades is that all their parts must have reliable protection against corrosion, otherwise, due to constant contact with moisture, they will lose their attractiveness long before the end of the season.
The luminaire itself must be in a waterproof case.
Types of garden lamps
There are a huge number of types of lamps and lanterns that are used to create lighting in the garden. You need to select those that best match the entire design of your site. These can be devices in the classic design or in the Art Nouveau style, but all of them can be classified into three main groups: wall-mounted, suspended, mounted on the ground in various ways. Let's consider some of them.
Retro lanterns and spherical lamps
These are classic lighting fixtures with a sine curve of light. That is, they are not able to focus light and blind the eyes. Their light spreads evenly in all directions. So that it is not wasted, the design of the case assumes the direction of the flow of light only to the sides, not down or up. They are not placed on the paths, since it will be dark below. But for lighting fences, sculptures or shrubs, they are perfect. They shine an average of 20 m. It is not recommended to use them to highlight an important architectural element.
For garden plots, spherical versions of such lamps are best suited, as they are perfectly combined with the natural landscape. Shades for them are made of matte polycarbonate or polymethyl methacrylate. The whole composition of such lamps looks impressive on the site, you just need to remember that they have a sufficiently high power, so the energy consumption will be high. Spherical lamps do not blind the eyes, but they are too bright, which many designers note as a disadvantage.
Indirect and track lighting
Indirects (English Indirect - non-directional, diffused) are lanterns that emit diffused light. They have a well-thought-out design with many advantages:
- They have an anti-glare device.
- Diffuse light evenly over a large area.
- It uses metal halide lamps with excellent color rendering and long service life.
It is these lights that are best suited for illuminating paths. Thanks to the cosine light intensity curve, they illuminate the space directly below them. This ensures that there is no dazzle effect. Indirects come in various shapes and sizes, which allows you to design any tracks with them. They can even be embedded in roadside vegetation for a truly magical effect.
Luminaires mounted on trees
When decorating a plot in a landscape style, any artificial objects are alien. Therefore, designers come up with different approaches to disguise them. One possibility is to place the lighting fixture on a tree. For this, low-voltage halogen lamps are used. They can be attached directly to the trunks of coniferous trees without fear. The screws will not harm a large pine tree, since the resin will instantly surround the foreign body and prevent the rotting process from developing.
Luminaires for uplight paths
The name is also of English origin and means "upward light". They have a degree of protection of at least IP 67. They are built into transparent elements of paving paths. They should be small and not bright, as the light coming from under your feet can blind your eyes. LEDs are better than others for these purposes, since they do not heat up and have a sufficiently high brightness, coupled with economy. They can be embedded in fiberglass tiles.
Garden lights in the form of stones
This method can only be used as decorative lighting. There is no special effort in the installation, you only need to show your imagination and nothing else. You can find stones of this type in any online store.
Lanterns or lamps floor lamps
They are used as the main lighting for the garden. Most often, with the help of them, the illumination of garden paths is excellent. It is better to install it to illuminate the main road to the house. Also Read: Best Terrace Lighting Ideas.
An important point! The light should shine only downward; it can get into the eyes of a person only if he bends over.
Lamps of this type can be called "Bollard", in simple terms they can be designated as "Columns of light". They indicate only the direction of travel, it is optimal to install them on secondary droshky.
Solar powered lamps
The option is the simplest, you need to do:
- Poke it into the ground.
- Wait for the night.
That's all, but this method cannot be called good, if you do not have time and you want to save money, then this option will be great. When choosing, we recommend paying attention to the manufacturer, Chinese, as a rule, serve one season.
Area lighting flashlight
An upward stream of light will illuminate tall bushes, buildings and tree crowns. The downward luminous flux illuminates small plants more. Preference should be given to warm and not very bright lighting.
When planning garden lighting for a plot, you need everything carefully. Everyone. to think over the lantern should not only fulfill its direct function, but also be an element of decor, located appropriately between plants and decorative elements on For.
In the area of illumination of the path, provide for small lamps of size in the form of fungi, otherwise it will be light everywhere, except on the If themselves.
paths on the garden plot there is a special recreation area, highlight it with the help of soft warm light scattering.
With a little creative thinking, you can turn a boring garden area into a real Backlight.