Proleska

Proleska

A bulbous perennial such as scilla is a member of the asparagus family. However, some time ago this flower was attributed to the lily or hyacinth family. This plant is also called Scylla. Often, such a flower is mistaken for a snowdrop or forested plant. This genus includes about 90 different plant species. In natural conditions, they can be found in Africa, Asia and Europe, while they prefer to grow in plains and mountain meadows. The name of such a flower comes from the Greek name of the sea onion "skilla", the fact is that it was previously a representative of this genus. Such a plant is highly resistant to frost and disease, and it is also very beautiful and able to quickly adapt to any environmental conditions.

Features of the woodland

A bulbous plant such as scrub is a perennial. The bulbs are round or ovoid, and their outer scales are purple, dark gray or brown. Basal linear leaf plates grow earlier or at the same time with apical inflorescences, which have the shape of a brush and are located on leafless peduncles. Such a plant has one feature, for example, its leaves on rainy, cool days are pressed against the surface of the soil, while it is warm and sunny outside, they are located almost vertically. The inflorescences include single flowers. The fruit is a box, inside of which there are irregular ovoid seeds of black color. Proleska is a primrose, like the following plants: brandu, white flower, dream grass (lumbago), goose onion, daffodil, pushkinia, chionodoxa, hazel grouse, saffron (crocus), adonis (adonis), erantus (spring), hyacinth, muscari, snowdrop, primrose, dwarf iris and buttercup. Most of the Scylla species bloom at the beginning of the spring period, but there are also those that bloom in the fall.

Planting a scilla in open ground

What time to plant

Planting and growing woodland is fairly straightforward. These flowers are used, as a rule, to decorate borders, rockeries, alpine slides and mixborders. Also, the trunks of garden trees, which adorn the beautiful flowers of the scilla at the beginning of spring, look incredibly impressive. Such a plant can be planted even during the flowering period. However, experts recommend planting spring-flowering Scylla after the leaf plates die off (from mid-June), and those that bloom in spring - 4 weeks before the formation of peduncles. These flowers prefer well-lit areas, but they can also be grown in shaded areas. It should be borne in mind that autumn flowering species are not so light-loving compared to those that bloom in spring.

Landing features

Before proceeding with the direct landing of the scilla, it is necessary to prepare the site. Best of all, such a plant will grow in soil with a large amount of organic matter, which includes mineral components and leaf humus. In order for these flowers to grow and develop excellently, it is recommended to mix garden soil with forest soil, which contains semi-decomposed tree bark and foliage. A suitable soil acidity should be between 6.5 and 7.0.

A distance of 5 to 10 centimeters must be maintained between the landing holes. It is necessary to deepen the bulbs into the soil by 6-8 centimeters (depending on the size of the planting material).

Proleski. How to plant a plant?

Scylla care in the garden

Proleska is distinguished by its extreme unpretentiousness when compared with other spring flowers. In order for this flower to grow normally, it must be watered, if necessary, and after that it is imperative to loosen the soil surface to a depth of 20–25 mm, while weeding. Watering is recommended in the morning, while you need to try so that the liquid does not fall on the surface of the flowers, as this can greatly spoil their appearance. In order to significantly reduce the number of weeding and watering, the area where the scilla grows should be covered with a layer of mulch (deciduous humus).

Spring flowering woodlands need to be fed with a complex fertilizer (for example, Nitrofoskaya) at the beginning of the spring period, due to which the flowering will be much more magnificent. And it is recommended to arrange feeding for autumn-flowering species in autumn. It is best to add trace elements such as iron, magnesium, calcium and copper to a complex mineral fertilizer.

It should be remembered that these plants reproduce well by self-sowing. If you do not have the desire to regularly remove unnecessary scilla from the site, then it is necessary to break off the withering flowers, trying to do this before the testes appear.

Transfer

For the normal growth and development of this plant, it must be systematically transplanted 1 time in 3 years, this will also allow the bushes to be highly decorative. Having dug a bush, it is necessary to separate the children from the bulb, after which they are seated as soon as possible in order to avoid the appearance of rot on the bulbs. Experts advise making a transplant in the last days of September or the first in October.

Reproduction of scilla

Seeds and daughter bulbs are used for reproduction. How to propagate with bulbs is described in detail above. In order to grow such a flower from seeds, you first need to collect them. Around the last days of June, the seed pods should turn yellow and begin to crack. These boxes must be collected and seeds are poured out of them, which are immediately sown in open ground. Such seeds have a relatively low germination rate, while bushes grown from seeds will bloom only when they are 3 or 4 years old. The first planting of such plants is produced no earlier than 5 years later, during this time they will grow a large number of children, and the number of peduncles will also increase.

Diseases and pests

Like all small-bulbous plants, this flower is susceptible to infection with achelenchoides, gray rot and bulb rot. The greatest danger of all pests to such a plant is the root meadow mite and murine rodents.

Gray rot appears on leaf blades and on the top of the bulb. Gray mold appears on the affected parts of the plant, and they begin to rot. Then dense spots appear on the bulbs. As the disease develops, the bushes turn yellow and die. The affected specimens must be dug up and burned as soon as possible. If the stored bulbs have become infected with gray rot, then the problem areas should be cut out and the wounds should be sprinkled with wood ash.

If the scrub gets infected achelenchoides, then there is a defeat of its aboveground part, as well as the bulbs. The scales on the bulbs turn brown and rot appears. So, if you make a cross section of the bulb, you will notice ring rot. In the affected bulb, necrotic spots appear on the surface. Infected specimens show a loss of decoration and developmental lag. Infected bulbs are dug up and burned. For preventive purposes, healthy bulbs should be put in a thermos with hot (43 degrees) water, where they should stay for 30 minutes.

Bulb rot appears due to fungal infections, for example: fusarium, sclerotinia or septoria. In a recently infected bush, the leaf plates begin to turn yellow, and then the infection penetrates into the bulbs, which is why spots of a dirty red color appear on their surface. If you put the infected bulbs in storage, they become very hard and die. This disease begins to develop very quickly when the air humidity is high.

Mouse rodents (for example: house mice and voles) are very fond of eating the bulbs of this plant, while in spring they can eat its sprouts. To protect the scilla, it is necessary to make a protective groove around the area where it is grown. In this groove, bait with poison should be laid, and do not forget to sprinkle it with soil a little, because birds can peck the poisoned rump, which will lead to their death.

Larvae and adults root meadow mite gnaw through the bottom of the onions, and then make their way into their middle. There, pests begin to suck the juice from the inner scales of the bulb, because of which it begins to rot and dry out. To get rid of this harmful insect, it is necessary to spray the affected bush with an insectoacaricide (for example: Agravertin, Aktellik, Akarin, etc.). For prevention, before planting the bulbs in the soil, they should be pickled with one of these agents.

Scylla after flowering

After the plant has faded, the peduncle must be removed from it, while the leaf plates are cut off only after they have completely died out. There is no need to prepare the Scylla for the coming winter in a special way, because it has a fairly high frost resistance and does not need shelter. However, if these flowers are cultivated in an open area, then to protect them from winter frosts, it is recommended to cover them with dried foliage or spruce branches.

Types and varieties of scilla (proleski) with photos and names

As already mentioned, there are quite a few species of blueberry, while most of them are successfully cultivated by gardeners. In this regard, below will be a description of only those of them that are quite popular, and you will also find the name of the most popular varieties.

Scilla hispanica, or Spanish endymion (Endymion hispanicus), or campanulate scilla

The homeland of such a plant is Spain, southern France and Portugal. Moreover, this species prefers to grow in meadows and forests. This type is considered to be the most effective. The bush in height can reach from 0.2 to 0.3 meters. On single peduncles there are erect inflorescences with the shape of a brush, which consist of 5-10 bell-shaped flowers, up to 20 mm in diameter and painted in pink, blue or white. Flowering begins in the last days of May and lasts for about half a month. If the bulbs remain in the open ground for the winter, then they must be covered. Popular varieties:

  1. Rose Queen... The height of the peduncles is about 0.2 meters, they have pink flowers with a lilac hue, which have a very faint smell.
  2. Sky Blue... On very strong peduncles, large blue flowers with a strip of blue are placed in a spiral.
  3. La Grandes... The inflorescences include 15 white flowers.
  4. Rosabella... The height of the peduncles is about 0.3 meters, they have dense inflorescences, consisting of pinkish-lilac fragrant flowers. In the evening, their scent becomes much stronger.

Also, gardeners are happy to grow the following varieties of this type of scilla: Excelsior, Blue Queen, Blue Giant, Blue Pearl, Dainty Made, Queen of Pinks, Mont Everest, Miosotis, etc.

Two-leaved scilla (Scilla bifolia), or two-leaved scilla

Under natural conditions, this type of scilla can be found in the Crimea, the Ciscaucasia, the Mediterranean, as well as in the European part of Russia. It is considered the smallest and most lush. The height of the bush, as a rule, does not exceed 0.15 meters. It has 1-3 peduncles, and each of them has inflorescences consisting of pink or white flowers with a sharp, but quite pleasant aroma. Each inflorescence contains up to 15 flowers. This species has only 2 sheet plates of a broad-linear shape, the length of which is about 0.2 meters. This plant begins to bloom in mid-April, and the flowering duration is about half a month. It has been cultivated since 1568. There is a garden form bifolia var. Purpurea, which has purple flowers.

Autumn scilla (Scilla autumnalis), or autumn scilla

Under natural conditions, such a plant can be found in North Africa, the Mediterranean and Asia Minor. One bush can grow up to 5 flower arrows, the height of which varies from 0.15 to 0.2 meters. They have loose racemose inflorescences consisting of 6–20 small flowers of light lilac or violet-red color. It begins to bloom in the last days of July or the first in August. The length of linear grooved narrow leaf plates is about 0.25 m.Cultivated since 1597.

Scilla peruviana, or Peruvian scilla

The homeland of this species is the Western Mediterranean. 2 or 3 flower arrows appear on the bush, which reach 0.35 m in height. Dense conical inflorescences are placed on them, which consist of small (diameter less than 10 mm) flowers of a deep blue color. One inflorescence can contain up to 80 flowers. The length of linear leaf plates is about 30 centimeters, and their width reaches one and a half centimeters. 5-8 leaves grow on one bush.

Siberian Scilla (Scilla sibirica), or Siberian Scylla

This species was named erroneously, because it cannot be found on the territory of Siberia. In natural conditions, this flower can be found in the Caucasus, in the Crimea, in the European part of Russia, in central and southern Europe. The blue flowers grow at the same time as the leaf blades. The flowers contain nectar. This species has one peculiarity, the fact is that the opening of its flowers occurs at 10 am, and the closure - at 4–17 pm, while if the weather is cloudy, they may not open at all. There are 3 subspecies of such a spade:

Caucasian (Scilla sibirica subsp.caucasica)

In nature, it can be found in the Eastern Transcaucasia. The height of the flower arrows can vary from 0.2 to 0.4 m. The color of the flowers is dark blue with a purple tint. Flowering begins in the second half of the spring and lasts 15–20 days.

Armenian (Scilla sibirica subsp.armena)

In the wild, it is found in the northeastern part of Turkey and in southern Transcaucasia. The leaf plates are sickle-curved. The height of the flower arrows is from 10 to 15 centimeters, on them are flowers of a deep blue color. Flowering begins in mid-spring and lasts 15 to 20 days.

Siberian (Scilla sibirica subsp. Sibirica)

Under natural conditions, it can be found in the European part of Russia, in the Crimea, in the Caucasus and in Asia Minor and Western Asia. This subspecies in culture is considered the most popular. The bushes have 3 or 4 broad-linear leaf plates, which reach 15 mm in width. The height of the peduncles is about 0.3 m, while on one bush there can be 1–4 of them. The color of the flowers is azure. Flowering begins in mid-spring and lasts approximately 20 days. In culture, this subspecies has been since the beginning of the 17th century. This subspecies has a form with white flowers, it has been cultivated since 1798, its flowering begins 7-10 days later than plants of other colors, but its duration is 1 month. There are also varieties with blue or pink flowers. The most popular varieties of this subspecies:

  • Spring Beauty, at this moment this variety is considered the best, on its strong green-purple peduncles there are 5 or 6 dark purple flowers each, the diameter of which does not exceed 30 mm. This variety is very popular in Western European culture. It does not have seeds, but it is quite easy to propagate it by children.
  • Alba... Very showy flowers have a snow-white color.Moreover, this variety looks great when planted together with the previous one.

Also, quite often, gardeners cultivate such species as: grape scilla, Pushkiniform, Rosen, Tubergen (or Mishchenko), purple, one-flowered, sea (sea onion), Litardier, Chinese (proleskidnaya), Italian, Vinogradova, Bukhara (or Vvedensky).


Scylla, she is a scrub

When you hear the name of these flowers, the myths of Ancient Greece with their Scylla and Charybdis involuntarily come to mind. But how terrible Scylla is in ancient Greek mythology, so beautiful is she in the garden in early spring. In our area, another name is more popular - scrub.


Scylla, or scrub

Marina Gerasimenko pushed me to study these beautiful flowers with her spring garden, where, as usual, the woods grew. These flowers got their name "scilla" thanks to the sea onion plant (its ancient Greek name Skilla is spelled as Scilla in Latin transliteration). Scylla belongs to the Asparagus family, although it was previously referred to as Liliaceae or Hyacinths.


Slabs between the slabs of the garden path

Scylla flowers are one of the first plants of spring, many mistakenly mistake the white flowers of the scilla for snowdrops. They can also be pale blue, blue, pink or purple, depending on the species and variety.


Features of evergreen boxwood, its properties and appearance

In nature, there are more than a hundred species of this amazing and very ancient plant. It is grown as a horticultural crop as well as a potted indoor plant. Boxwood looks very impressive as hedges, a border, they make the landscape more picturesque and well-groomed.

This ancient plant is able to grow in small containers, it forms well and tolerates a haircut, which is why it is so popular among lovers of the bonsai culture.

The following can be said about the appearance of boxwood evergreen:

  • foliage almost round, opposite, leathery
  • flowers, collected in small inflorescences, exude a delicate aroma, they are unisexual and are located in the axils of the leaves
  • fruits in the form of a box with three nests, after full ripening they open themselves and scatter black seeds
  • all parts of the shrub are dangerous for consumption, as they contain toxic substances, this is important to know because boxwood is an excellent honey plant, one should beware of such poisonous honey
  • the special value of the plant in decorativeness
  • its other advantage is its hardiness, frost resistance and the ability to grow well in the shade.

In order for the plant to feel comfortable, not hurt and successfully grow green mass, the gardener should know some rules for growing boxwood at home. Let's dwell on some important points for caring for this plant culture.


Scylla spanish in landscape design

Spanish hyacintoides in landscape design photo

Due to its attractiveness and resilience, the Spanish endymion is ideal for landscaping. The flower is planted in groups, between trees and shrubs, in rockeries, combined with other spring flowers.

Hyacintoides has only one drawback: after flowering, the bushes quickly lose their attractive appearance - the green part of the plant dies off, leaving the soil "bare". When planning a landscape design with a planting of wild hyacinth, you should take into account this disadvantage and take care of the neighbors-flowers with flowering before the end of the season in advance. Suitable flowers for growing near hyacintoids are lilies, lilies of the valley, primrose and crocosmia.


Proleska (Scylla) - planting and care

The genus Proleska (Scilla) has more than 90 species of bulbous herbaceous plants growing mainly in cool regions of Europe, Asia, North Africa.

These miniature perennials usually bloom in early spring, although there are several autumn-flowering species, for example, the autumn scilla (Scilla autumnalis).

Plants attract with their blue, blue, white and pink flowers.

Scylla is an ephemeroid plant, the rhizomes and bulbs of which accumulate and contain a supply of nutrients, and spend most of their life underground.

Therefore, the growing season for this fragile primrose is very short. After a flowering period in early or mid-summer, the leaves turn yellow and die off, and a dormant period begins.

The perennial will rest for several months before the start of the next growing cycle.

Types of Proleska

Hyacinth (S. hyacinthoides). It blooms in spring and looks like a hyacinth. The peduncle reaches 80 cm. It requires protection from the wind.

Spanish (Scilla hispanica). One of the best early summer species. Completely undemanding to maintain and adapts to a wide range of light and soil conditions. Ideal for shady garden areas. It goes well with violets, lilies of the valley.

Italian (Scilla italica)

The pale blue flowers with blue stamens have a pleasant aroma. Blooms in May. Looks good with meadow grasses, muscari, tulips, daffodils.

Siberian Proleska (Scilla siberica)

Abundantly blooming species. Refers to early primroses. Grows well in sun or light shade. Does not tolerate drought and high temperatures. After flowering, it is resistant to trampling.

Two-leaved (Scílla bifólia). It grows up to 15 cm in height, the leaves are narrow, paired, the stems are straight. The flowers are star-shaped, or bell-shaped, violet-blue or blue, open in early spring.

Care Tips

The scrub is unpretentious in cultivation and easily reproduces by self-seeding, caring for it does not pose any difficulties. It thrives in a variety of light conditions - from full sun to partial shade and even shade, but it is better to choose a place with sufficient sunlight for planting, especially for species that bloom in early spring, when solar activity is not so high.

The optimal choice of place is to plant under the crowns of trees, shrubs, so that there is enough sun in early spring, and in summer the leaves of the plantings protect the substrate from excessive drying, since moderate importance will have a beneficial effect on the condition of the bulbs and their flowering next year. The culture does not tolerate stagnant water in the soil, so choose a place with good soil permeability.

Landing of Scylla

In early autumn, when the plant is at rest, the bulbs are planted in a well-drained, loose, organic-rich soil (peat, rotted manure) to a depth of 10-15 cm and 5 cm apart. For planting, choose an area without stagnant water after rain, as the plant will not develop in swampy soil.

The bulbs are small, rounded with small dots at the top. These points should be at the top when landing. Bulbs take root in the fall, and some species and varieties develop leaves and flowers before winter.

Watering

During the active growing season, careful watering as needed after the top layer of the substrate has dried. Try to keep water out of the flowers. Mulching the soil surface with bark, leaves, small pebbles helps to maintain moisture and contributes to the comfortable growth of Scylla.

Do not use coniferous bark and walnut leaves for mulching, as when decomposed, they increase the acidity of the soil, and this negatively affects the perennial.

Top dressing and reproduction

Top dressing with a complex mineral fertilizer in late autumn or early spring at the very beginning of the growing season promotes abundant flowering.

Proleska reproduces vegetatively - by dividing baby bulbs or by self-seeding. In the first case, the bulbs are divided from a 3-year-old plant after the leaves have wilted. They are planted immediately to a permanent place or stored until autumn planting in a container with peat in a cool room. A perennial can grow in one place for about 5 years.

Snowdrop and snowdrop - the difference between plants

Despite the external similarity and growing conditions, these are completely different plants that belong to different families and differ in color and flowering time. In the scilla, they are mainly in violet-blue tones, collected in inflorescences. The snowdrop is characterized by white and solitary flowers and appears in early spring, when snow may still be lying.

In garden design, the culture is suitable for decorating a rock garden, for forcing in pots. With this charming plant, you can create a forest landscape in your garden by planting Sprouts in groups among the grass, next to trees, shrubs and conifers.


Watch the video: la proleska luna