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In the post-revolutionary years, agriculture began to actively develop in the area of the Oka River. The owners of small plots noted that they get the maximum yield from the cultivation of cucumbers. Gradually, a number of varieties were selected, and a special cultivation technology was developed, which are now known as Lukhovitsky cucumbers.
General description and characteristics of the variety
Lukhovitsky cucumbers are a combination of several varieties, which are grown in the Lukhovitsa region, near the Oka River.
Cucumbers have been identified as a separate species due to their small size, high density and characteristic crunch of the fruit during eating.
The special microclimate of the region was of great importance for the cultivation of the crop. It is characterized by high humidity.
The most famous varieties of Lukhovitsky cucumbers include:
- Lukhovitsky f1.
In most cases, the bushes have an average climbing capacity. From 2 to 4 ovaries are formed on the plant.
Fruiting starts early... The varieties are early maturing. Fruit ripeness occurs 1-1.5 months after sowing.
By description fruit length reaches 5-7 centimeters... The shape is elliptical, smooth. Cucumbers are the same size. Weight ranges from 90 to 100 grams.
The skin is delicate green with a scattering of small tubercles. The taste of the fruit is rich, the smell is strong, cucumber.
Lukhovitsky cucumbers are demanding in care. They are grown in high, warm beds. Plots are chosen light, windless.
Watering is plentiful, as needed. Top dressing is carried out several times per season.
How Lukhovitsky cucumbers are grown:
Advantages and disadvantages of Lukhovitsky cucumbers
Thanks to the use of several different varieties, gardeners were able to collect the maximum number of advantages in Lukhovitsky cucumbers.
The advantages of the species include:
- compact size and smooth shape;
- the same length, which facilitates their preservation;
- breeding in open and closed ground;
- high productivity;
- good taste characteristics;
- early maturation;
- lack of bitterness;
- crispy, juicy pulp without voids;
- long keeping quality;
- disease resistance;
- possibility of transportation.
Hybrid forms, especially Lukhovitsky-f1, are distinguished by high yields and resistance to pests and major diseases. Subject to the rules of agricultural technology from one square meter, the yield is up to 10 kg.
Despite the large number of advantages, the variety has one significant disadvantage. Lukhovitsky cucumbers are demanding to care... They are not suitable for breeding by novice gardeners.
Features of soil preparation and selection of a site for cultivation
Lukhovitsky cucumbers prefer areas with fertile soil and good sunlight. Another requirement for placement is the absence of wind.
Site preparation works are carried out in two stages.... The first one starts in the fall. It consists in preparing trenches for ridges and harvesting humus.
The second stage is carried out in the spring, when the snow has not melted yet. It consists in the formation of high warm ridges, into which adult seedlings are transplanted or on which special seedling greenhouses are formed.
Future beds are prepared using a special technology:
- Trenches are dug 40 centimeters deep.
- Fertile soil is deposited separately.
- The trenches are fenced with wooden boards, 25 centimeters high, the width of one ridge is 80-100 centimeters.
- In the spring, scalded with boiling water on the prepared ridges. This destroys the pests.
- A layer of film is laid out on the bottom and covered with sawdust and urea. The layer height is 12 centimeters.
- The second layer is manure heated to 50-60 degrees. The third is fertile soil.
- A dark film is laid on top of the soil. It allows you to create the necessary microclimate and prevents weeds.
- After 3-4 days, holes are made on the film in increments of 30-40 centimeters. Seeds are planted in them for germination or already adult seedlings.
How to plant and grow Lukhovitsky cucumbers:
Preparing cucumber seedlings
When growing cucumbers in the open field, you must first prepare the seedlings. This is due to the fact that with strong temperature jumps at night and during the day, the seeds may not germinate.
Sowing seeds for seedlings is carried out in greenhouses... For this, they are prepared in a special way:
- The bottom of large greenhouses is laid out with straw. It plays the role of heating the seedlings from the root system.
- Pre-prepared soil is poured over the straw. It consists of a mixture of earth, peat and humus.
- Then a cucumber seed is laid. Before planting, the seeds are soaked in warm water or a weak solution of manganese. The seeds are covered with a thin layer of soil.
- The seedling greenhouse is closed with 2 layers of plastic wrap.
Seeds are planted in early spring, before the snow melts. Early planting allows you to get the first harvest at the end of May. In a greenhouse, seedlings are 1-1.5 months.
When growing seedlings, it is important to observe the temperature regime. For this, the layers of the film are periodically opened and closed.
Watering is done as needed. Also germination of seeds in special peat pots is allowed.
Caring for Lukhovitsky cucumbers consists in creating a special microclimate. It forms in warm greenhouses. For cucumbers it is important to maintain a constant temperature regime... The temperature in the greenhouse is 23-25 degrees.
Extra ventilation is required on hot summer days. It is carried out by removing the first layer of the panic frame. In the event of a cold snap, additional insulation is made.
Plants are watered with warm water... It is harvested in tin tanks that are heated in the sun. Watering the plants is done as needed in the evening.
The variety is picky about feeding. For fertilization, use solution Sudarushka, Kemira-Universal, slurry, bird droppings.
Top dressing is done in two stages.... At the first stage, the concentration of fertilizers was reduced by 2 times, after 7-10 days it was produced according to the recommended standards.
Pest and disease control
Lukhovitsky cucumbers are a disease and pest resistant variety. High resistance is ensured by a high sampling rate among different varieties of cucumbers.
The main problem when breeding late-ripening and autumn varieties is powdery mildew... It leads to the drying out of the lashes of plants. The main method of combating the disease is the search for more cold-resistant hybrids.
Harvesting and storage
Lukhovitsky cucumbers are an early ripening variety... With an early and warm spring, the first harvest is obtained in mid-May. The fruiting period begins 1 to 1.5 months after the seedlings are planted in the ground.
The varieties are distinguished by high yields.... Up to 6-7 kg of fruits are harvested from one bush during the season. To increase yields, medium-sized greens are harvested.
The secret to keeping cucumbers the same size is to harvest every other day. This time is enough for the zelents to grow up to the required size.
The fruits are used for fresh consumption, slices, salads, preservation and pickles.
The technology of growing Lukhovitsky cucumbers has proven its effectiveness many years of research and extensive experience of gardeners. Currently, the popularity of the method is actively growing.
The technology is used not only in garden plots, but also on an industrial scale to obtain a high-quality and plentiful harvest.
Cucumber variety Lukhovitsky (F1)
No matter how hard foreign breeders try, our domestic varieties and hybrids of vegetables are still tastier. Take at least everyone's favorite cucumbers. In 2005, the Scientific Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding LLC and Agrofirma Gavrish LLC announced the creation of a novelty - the Lukhovitsky variety. In 2006, it was entered into the State Register of Breeding Achievements of Russia with admission in the North-West, North, Central, Central Black Earth, Volgo-Vyatka, Middle Volga and North Caucasian regions. Recommended for growing in open ground under film shelters in personal subsidiary plots. It is a hybrid, therefore it is labeled F1.
Pros and cons of the variety
Since Lukhovitsky f1 is a cucumber developed on the basis of other high-quality varieties, it has a list of advantages due to which vegetable growers choose this particular type of crop. Also, the experience of growing the variety shows that Lukhovitsky also has disadvantages. Below is a description of the positive and negative characteristics.
- Lukhovitskiy f1 is famous for its excellent taste characteristics
- High productivity of the variety (more than 10 kg of cucumbers are harvested from 1 bush)
- Early ripeness of the fruit of the variety
- Lukhovitsky is resistant to the most common diseases of culture
- Cucumbers have an excellent presentation and a high keeping rate of fruits.
- Lukhovitskiy f1 is resistant to shading and direct sunlight
- The variety does not need insect pollination
- Lukhovitsky has the versatility of using cucumbers
- The resistance of the variety to transportation.
For the entire period of cultivation of the hybrid variety, vegetable growers identified only one drawback: the lack of seeds in cucumbers for the next sowing, as a result of which the seed is sown annually.
The main positive qualities of the mother-in-law cucumber hybrid include:
- good taste of fruits
even overripe greens lack bitterness in the taste
the yield of the Tescha variety is above average
versatility of ripe cucumbers
resistance to heat and cold
harvested cucumbers perfectly tolerate transportation over any distance
versatility of ripened zelentsev
Among the shortcomings, it should be noted the low resistance to downy mildew.
Growing cucumber "Lukhovitsky"
- The hybrid is grown seedling or direct sowing seeds in the ground
- Seeds for seedlings are planted in mid-April
- Seedlings are planted in the ground in the phase of 3-4 true leaves in late May and early June
- Sowing directly into the ground - at the end of May.
- Can grow outdoors in areas with temporary shade
- Not afraid of direct sunlight
— Formation into 1 stem when grown with a garter to a trellis or net
- Bunch cucumbers give excellent yields only under the condition of proper care: with daily watering, regular feeding and treatment from pests.
- “Lukhovitskiy” is a hybrid of the first generation F1, so it makes no sense to collect your own seed: varietal characteristics are not preserved.
To obtain a good harvest, it is recommended to observe all agrotechnical subtleties:
- irrigate Othello cucumbers regularly - watering should be moderate
- timely remove weeds so that there is no shade on the beds
- so that a crust does not appear on the beds, you should regularly loosen the soil
- during the season, it is recommended to apply fertilizers and top dressing up to 5 times
- provide the cucumbers with a support system
- ripe fruits are best picked in 2-3 days.
Only by following these recommendations can you get a good harvest.
Before planting the planting material, it is recommended to disinfect the seeds of the Othello cucumber. For these purposes, you can use a solution of garlic pulp, in which the seeds are placed for 1 hour. After that, they are placed in a nutrient solution for 12 hours. Then the seeds are thoroughly washed, laid out on cheesecloth and allowed to swell for several days.
For planting, it is necessary to use separate containers; peat cups are best suited for these purposes. You can purchase a special soil or prepare the nutrient soil yourself.
Landing in the ground
When planting planting material in open ground or in a greenhouse, it is recommended to adhere to a specific planting scheme. Thus, there must be a distance of 70 cm between the bushes. In this case, the arrangement must be staggered.
In the process of disembarking, it is worth adhering to the following recommendations:
- make a hole in the ground
- culture is planted in the center
- the roots are covered with earth
- press the soil a little
Irrigation is carried out depending on weather conditions.
Watering and feeding
Watering Othello cucumbers is necessary as the soil dries up, using warm water for this. Irrigation must be regular during the flowering and fruiting period. In this case, it is worthwhile to ensure that water does not fall on the leaves.
Throughout the season, it is worth fertilizing about 5-6 times. Initially, mullein or bird droppings can be used. During the growing season, phosphorus and potash fertilizers are used.
If you take into account the reviews, photos and descriptions of Othello cucumbers, then it is worth noting that the culture needs to be formed. Formation must necessarily be carried out correctly. To do this, you need to pinch the main stem after about 6-7 leaves appear. When planting in a greenhouse, it is worth taking care of the support system; when planting in open ground, it is recommended to pinch the side shoots.
Protection against diseases and pests
Othello cucumber is a fairly resistant variety to many types of diseases and pests. The culture tolerates sharp temperature drops, but at the same time, during a drought period, you will need to take care of additional irrigation. Due to its strong immunity, the variety is not susceptible to the appearance of powdery mildew, cucumber mosaic, and spotting. When transplanted to a new place, the culture quickly adapts to new conditions.
The only nuisance that can be encountered is the appearance of aphids and sprout flies. In such situations, it is recommended to treat Othello cucumbers with chemicals.
Rules for caring for Mumu cucumbers
For normal growth and fruiting of cucumbers, Mumu needs to provide them with proper care, which includes the following activities:
- Watering. The ideal option in this case would be drip irrigation, which will ensure the flow of moisture directly to the plant roots. If this is not possible, you need to water the cucumbers as the topsoil dries out. The impact of cold on the root system may not have the best effect on the condition of the entire plant, so it is advisable to use warm, settled water.
- Thinning of seedlings. Large thickening of the landings can lead to stretching. Therefore, after the emergence of seedlings, extra seedlings of cucumbers are removed, leaving 1-2 pieces in the hole.
- Loosening the soil and removing weeds. It is recommended to loosen the soil after each watering of cucumbers. This will help improve the permeability of the soil and provide oxygen to the plant roots. Weeds are removed as they emerge.
- Top dressing. Mumu cucumbers are fertilized every two weeks. As the compositions, organic matter and ready-made mineral complexes are alternately used.
- Garter. To prevent thickening and improve air circulation, cucumbers are tied to a trellis, fixing one end of the rope under about 6-7 sheets, and the other on a crossbar.
- Prevention and treatment of diseases. Bad weather and improper care sometimes cause damage to cucumbers.In order to prevent the plants before flowering, they are sprayed with fungicidal preparations.
With proper agricultural technology, plants will be strong and healthy.