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The container cultivation of field crops allows you to collect a real, and most importantly, an edible crop now in a city apartment. Pumpkin is an attribute of any vegetable garden, but it can also be grown on the balcony at home. A limited balcony space can be a great place to ripen a regular pumpkin or its decorative equivalent.
How to grow a pumpkin at home on the balcony
The plant will take root well and will bear fruit if you create the necessary conditions for it. Pumpkin doesn't need a lot of light and heat. It is better if the balcony faces south, southeast.
For planting, you can use ready-made soil with an acidity not higher than 6.5 PH. You can prepare the soil yourself. Prepare:
- 1 part sand;
- 4 parts of peat;
- 1 piece of land;
- 4 parts of humus;
- 1 part sawdust.
Add 3-4 tablespoons to a bucket of potting soil. wood ash and mix everything thoroughly.
Planting seeds in a pot
How to prepare seeds for planting?
- Soak in warm water for 3 hours.
- Pour 30% saline solution, discard floating seeds.
- Place remaining seeds on damp sawdust, cloth or cheesecloth.
- Harden them by placing them in a cool place for 4 hours.
Prepared pumpkin seeds are sown in a container in mid-May. 2-3 seeds are buried in the hole to a depth of 2-3 cm, watered. The box is tightly covered with a film, which, after the emergence of sprouts, is cut through, bringing the stems out. The soil warms up better, and the plant is actively developing, spreading over the film. As it grows, the pumpkin whip is tied to the trellis, forming a decorative green screen.
2-3 weeks before planting early plants (at the end of April), seedlings are prepared. It is better to use peat pots so as not to injure the root system of the plant during transplantation. The pots are filled with a mixture of humus and turf, river sand is mixed (1: 1: 0.5). In addition, 15 g of nitroammophoska and 30 g of lime are added to 10 kg of the mixture. Placing 2-3 seeds in the ground, pour them with warm water and place a tray with peat containers on a brightly lit windowsill. In this case, you need to maintain the temperature:
- before germination of seedlings 20-25 ° С during the day, 15-18 ° С at night;
- after emergence 15-20 ° С during the day, 13-15 ° С at night.
This regime is adhered to for 7 days so that the formation of seedlings does not stretch too much. Then the temperature on the loggia rises again.
When the sprout has 2-3 fully formed leaves (late May - early June), it can be planted in a container.
10-15 days after planting, the plants are fertilized with a nutrient solution. To do this, it is recommended to dissolve in 10 liters of water:
- 10 g of urea;
- 1/4 part of the Riga complex micronutrient fertilizer tablet;
- 10 g potassium sulfate;
- 20 g superphosphate.
You can use ready-made complex fertilizers presented in specialized stores. Further feeding is carried out every 5-10 days, using 2-3 liters of fertilizer per plant. In the same volume (2-3 liters per plant), daily watering is carried out. Loosening of the soil is carried out regularly.
When the growing season is over, the pumpkin stalks are cut off, the soil is thrown away, containers and trellises are disinfected.
To get fruit, the owner of a green oasis must independently perform the pollination procedure, because bees and bumblebees practically do not fly onto the balcony.
On the pumpkin lash, single large flowers of bright orange-yellow color are evenly located. Male flowers have long stalks. Ovary rudiments are formed inside the female flower. Self-pollination does not occur in this culture, which means you need to help the plant. With a soft brush, they collect pollen from the stamens of a male flower and transfer it to the pistil of a female one.
This procedure is performed several times. There are usually many more male colors. Excess ones must be removed so that the plant does not waste energy on empty flowering. You need to inspect the flowers daily so as not to miss the moment when the male and female specimens will bloom at the same time.
When the ovary begins to grow rapidly in size, it becomes clear that pollination was successful. Otherwise, the ovary will turn yellow and fall off.
Balcony pumpkin varieties
Balcony decorative pumpkins are of two types:
- with a long weaving stem;
- with a short stem;
- bush type.
Plants with a long stem may well form a green wall on the loggia of bright green leaves, large yellow flowers. Over time, pumpkins of various sizes, colors and shapes will appear. But this type requires a lot of soil. Therefore, it is best to grow such pumpkins on spacious balconies.
If the purpose of growing is to decorate the balcony, then small-fruited decorative pumpkin varieties are best suited.
- "Orange". Fruit weight 250g. Fruits are bright orange in color, round or slightly flattened.
- Baby Boo. Ball-shaped fruits with white skin, diameter - 10 cm.
- "Kleine Bicolor". The fruits are similar to a pear, the upper part of which is colored bright yellow, and the lower part has a dark green color with light stripes. Fruit length up to 12 cm.
- Sweet Dumpling. Fruit weight - 500 gr. The gaps between the light yellow segments are filled with dark green stripes with white splashes.
The fruits of almost all varieties of ornamental pumpkin are not suitable for food. The exception is the turbid varieties, the Baby Boo variety.
These pumpkins are edible only when unripe. When ripe, they lose their nutritional and gustatory value. The fruits do not become poisonous, but acquire a specific taste, the pulp becomes hard, and its juiciness is lost.
Pumpkins with a short stem (up to 1 m) and bush varieties are very compact. The stems grow upward, providing aeration of the soil, which avoids rotting of the fruit. They form and grow in the root zone, compactly.
When choosing seeds for planting container pumpkin, preference is given to varieties with a hard skin - they ripen faster, last longer and taste sweeter.
- "Amazon". Early ripening variety. From germination to full maturation 80-85 days. The fruit is flat, weighing up to 1.5 kg. The bark is dark orange in color. Dense, bright orange, sweet flesh.
- "Barn". Mid-season variety. Fruit weight 2-2.5 kg. The bark is dark green with black blotches. Sweet, bright orange pulp.
- "Shrub orange". Early ripening variety with a thin orange bark. The weight of the fetus reaches 4 kg. Round or cylindrical shape. The pulp is yellow.
- "Healing". The fruit weighs 3-4 kg, the bark is thin, light gray in color with intermittent stripes. Orange, sweet, juicy pulp.
- "Smile". Fruits are round, slightly flattened, weighing up to 1-1.5 kg. The bark is orange, smooth or slightly segmented. The pulp is very sweet and has a melon aroma.
To grow one plant, you need a tub with a volume of at least 50 liters. The container is filled by 1/3 with a drainage material of a coarse fraction (expanded clay, small pebbles, birch coal) - stagnant water will adversely affect the plant.
The pot in which the balcony pumpkin grows is placed on a well-lit windowsill. As the vines grow, the pot can be placed on the floor. The main thing is that the green part of the plant and the fruits should be well lit by the sun.
For some, growing pumpkins on the balcony is an empty exercise that only entails unnecessary expenses. Others get a harvest, albeit a small one, and with it - positive emotions, a charge of inspiration for new achievements.
Rules for growing pumpkin on the balcony of the house and how to choose the right variety
Many Russians are interested in the question of how to grow a pumpkin on the balcony, since this product is very popular. You can cook a lot of different dishes from it. Moreover, the pumpkin is so versatile that it can be used for first, second courses, snacks and even desserts.
Therefore, it is not surprising that people try to grow pumpkin on their plots whenever possible. But if you don't have your own land or your place of residence does not allow you to grow orange fruits in your beds, this is not a reason to despair. The pumpkin can even be planted on the balcony. But for this it is necessary to follow certain rules, since such a vegetable requires special attention.
Many experts say that at home you can harvest a pretty decent pumpkin crop. But here it should be borne in mind that this culture most often grows strongly, therefore, it is necessary to choose compact plant varieties for the loggia. There are several options for a decorative pumpkin. It grows small, but at the same time it can give quite a decent harvest.
Is it possible to grow a pumpkin on the balcony?
YES. I don't grow on the balcony, but on the windowsill, I grow tomatoes - cherries, cucumbers, pumpkin! The main thing is to install a fluorescent lamp, which will need to be turned on when short daylight hours come and water with fertilizer once a week!
I am currently growing a pumpkin on the southwest balcony! Very successful! I planted two plants in the largest pot I found in "Leroy Merlin" - about 50 liters or more filled the drainage + purchased land! Huge leaves, many ovaries (the extra ones must be removed!) The first fruit (which I pollinated by hand, in the morning how to do it, is on the Internet) is already 15 cm in diameter. Variety "Candied fruit". I fertilize 2 times a month with liquid fertilizer from a store based on humus. There is beauty on the balcony. I advise! So much fun to walk on the green balcony!
I doubt it. After all, they still need pollination (I mean pumpkins, cucumbers and zucchini). Even parthenocarpics, and they give few fruits (1-2) on balconies and houses without insects, and you need a lot of land for such powerful plants as pumpkins. To pollinate huge flowers by hand. You can set up an experiment, of course.
Yes, you can. But you can also catch fish with nets in the bathroom, if you first let it go there. What's the point? The pumpkin requires space, fields. And in a limited amount - well, get 2-4 pumpkins. In this case, you need to give half of the balcony for soil and other infrastructure. If you love them as a class, that's another matter. So do I. But I have a special field for them. And I do not advise you to spend living space for a raw business, since it is not worth it. It is better to buy ready-made pumpkins from people along the bazaars from the fall, and store them at home, even under the bed (you can touch it at night), or outside the door in the corner, where there is extra space in the room, not in a draft. And you need to buy a pumpkin with a hard skin (try it with your finger, but do not pick with your nails), it is better to look glossy, as you like. Better orange (it has more carotene), or green-yellow-striped, good. And in shape - an ellipsoid of rotation or an oval of rotation, or a ball, or an ovoid large, or pear-shaped, or other volumetric shape of rotation with a curvilinear generatrix, as you like right away. It's the master's business.
The choice of planting material
The gardener decided on the choice of location, purchased planting containers, and made up the soil. It's time to go to the store for pumpkin seeds. You should be careful: the harvest depends on a successful choice.
Some urban summer residents do it simply: they use seeds from pumpkin bought at the market. I liked the taste, why be wise? But the mother plant has matured on a melon in the open field. Climatic conditions made it possible to withstand a long vegetation period. It is unlikely that you will be able to repeat the same on the loggia.
Pay attention to whether the variety or hybrid was purchased. In the latter case, the pumpkin seeds will not transfer the properties of the parents. The gardener will spend a lot of energy, and at the exit he will receive something incomprehensible.
It makes more sense to go to the store. Sellers arrange a special shelf with seeds for urban summer residents. It is there that you should look for the necessary planting material.
If it is not possible to buy seeds of the "balcony miracle" series, it is recommended to stop at early ripening varieties or hybrids of bush pumpkins. They do not require formation and normalization, and take up less space.
Optimal growing conditions
Having decided on the variety, you are determined to plant spinach on the windowsill. Growing from spinach seeds at home requires special conditions. If the lighting rules and temperature conditions are not followed, the plant may start releasing arrows - such is its feature. In this case, the greens will become tough and tasteless, and it will be impossible to eat them.
Spinach greens on the windowsill need sufficient lighting, so it is better to place them on southern windows. If the sunlight is still not enough, it is advisable to place fluorescent lamps, phytolamps or other lighting devices nearby. If this is not done, the plant can stretch out without forming rosettes. However, it should not be overly illuminated either. Prolonged exposure to direct sunlight can lead to burning of delicate leaves. Better to practice a sensible approach: in winter - additional light, in summer - shade. The total daylight hours for plants per day should be at least 10 hours.
Spinach from seeds on a windowsill can germinate even when +4˚C. However, for further full-fledged growth and development, it needs more heat (about + 14-22 ° C). The ideal temperature is + 15˚С... It is noted that with it the plant grows faster, it turns out to be stronger and more optimal in size. At the same time, the leaves retain their green color for a long time and do not fade. Exceeding the temperature norm can lead to stretching of spinach and shooting, a strong decrease - to a slow or even complete lack of growth - this must be taken into account.
Crop care ends with its harvest. A couple of weeks after planting the greenery, it becomes a fragrant bush. You need to eat the tops of young stems. This harvesting technology will prevent the plant from branching and flowering. After all, a bush of grass that has bloomed is unusable.
So, basil can be grown even in winter on your windowsill. Planting a plant is quite simple, but it itself is unpretentious. So everyone can grow a spice. The only thing to worry about is taking care of the spice. Since she is very demanding on heat and light.
How to grow garlic at home on a windowsill planting garlic in a pot
Ask, why were these common truths expressed? And to the fact that garlic for personal use can be had not only harvested in the fall. It is quite possible, and most importantly affordable, to taste young fresh greens all year round. Moreover, not a store, but grown on its own windowsill. And for this you need nothing more than to know the basic points of how to plant garlic in a pot at home on the balcony or on the windowsill in the room. What are these very moments, we will consider in order.
Step one - selection of seed
At the initial stage, home cultivation of garlic on the balcony is akin to gardening - planting material is selected from which a full-fledged plant will be grown. In this case, there are three options: seeds, teeth, sprouted teeth. The latter option is not a joke, but a separate type of seed for "express" cultivation of spices. If, when planting with ordinary teeth, the first shoots appear after two weeks, then the germinated ones give the first shoots during the first week. We will not consider the seeds - this is a "long-term" procedure for the garden. From seeds, garlic on the window in the first year only grows and forms a root system, and a full harvest is obtained only from the second year. Therefore, teeth are better.
Step two - preparation of garlic, soil and containers
Before growing garlic at home on a large and juicy windowsill, you must clearly understand that a high-quality crop is provided only by high-quality source material. Therefore, the teeth should be taken dense to the touch, clean (without mold and rotten dots), preferably zoned varieties.
As a tip!
Self-cultivation of garlic at home will be effective if time-tested varieties are used: Sochi-56, Jubilee, Kharkov or Dungansky, Otradnensky.
By container. It is chosen based on the capabilities or preferences of an individual person. Boxes, pots, any non-soaking containers - everything can be an excellent preparation for creating a small winter garden. The main thing here is not the form, but the size and material. For the second indicator has already been said, and the value, or rather the depth of the container, will be optimal at the level of 15-20 centimeters (in extreme cases, not less than 10 cm). There should be enough space in the pots and boxes for the free placement of the roots and the full development of the "fruit".
Garlic behaves incorrectly on the windowsill in winter if the substrate is incorrectly selected. A small amount of the necessary minerals in the soil leads to a decrease in yield or to the death of the entire planting. Hence the conclusion: the soil must be taken tested, fertilized. Ideally, this can be specially prepared purchased land. Not ideal, but nevertheless, a mixture of garden soil, humus and peat (1: 1: 1 ratio) has a beneficial effect on the growth of garlic on the balcony. Peat, if there are problems with it, you do not need to stir it, but humus must be present.
We must not forget!
Garden soil for homemade substrate must be subjected to high-temperature processing. 30 minutes in the oven at maximum temperature will ensure that the soil is completely rid of harmful insects and pathogenic bacteria.
Step three - planting the garlic
Knowing how to plant garlic in a pot at home correctly means ensuring a good future harvest. The process of planting cloves itself is simple, but even a simple one may have its own nuances. In this case, the entire amount of planting material is distributed in a box or pot on the windowsill according to the principle: in a close-knit family it should be warm, but not cramped. That is, it is recommended to place the teeth at a distance of 4-5 centimeters from each other. And it will not be crowded at such a distance, and the "sown area" will be used to the maximum.
By the way.
Growing garlic hydroponically can be considered the least expensive option. All you need is cups, water and the garlic itself. All other components and costs will be excluded.
In terms of planting depth, the question is somewhat ambiguous. Some "home agronomists" recommend deepening the teeth by both 2 and 10 centimeters. You can do this and that. But growing garlic at home is not in the garden. Here time plays a major role - the harvest must be obtained as soon as possible. Therefore, from a practical point of view, the optimal depth of planting garlic is considered to be a depth of about 4 centimeters. It turns out that there is enough soil from above, and it will not take long to germinate. There are no other special recommendations, except that the garlic on the windowsill in winter should be planted in the ground, well moistened, but not wet.
Step four - caring for the garlic on the window
Watering - carried out as the soil dries up in a pot or box. Do not add water every day. It is better to let the plant "get drunk" once every 2-3 days, than torment it with scanty daily handouts.
Top dressing is necessary in moderation and on business. Green garlic on the window in an urban setting, when there are no natural fertilizers, is fed with purchased ones. If you want to use ecological, natural dressing, the soil is fertilized with mullein or bird droppings.
Lighting - daylight or artificial for 8 hours. If the garlic grows on the balcony or on a light windowsill, you can skip the backlighting. If the cultivation takes place in a shaded room, fluorescent lamps are placed.
Development adjustment - what does it mean? When there is a goal to grow garlic on the balcony for greenery, you don't have to do anything. But if you need the head of garlic itself to grow large, the greens should be regularly trimmed, especially the arrows.
Everything is simple and at the same time entertaining. Now, who did not know, knows how to grow garlic at home on a windowsill without the use of high technologies. And what is especially valuable - it is possible to carry out "experiments" on growing useful greens equally effectively both in the cold season, in winter, and in the warm, that is, in summer, spring, and autumn. The lesson is not difficult - let's remember, as an option, hydroponics. Pleasant - seasoning and vitamins are always at hand. Useful for the family budget - garlic is expensive on the market today.