Daylilies - for gardens, parks and summer cottages
Among all the variety of perennial plants used in landscape design, the most unpretentious is the daylily, which forms powerful bushes or whole thickets with juicy green leaves reaching a height of 30 cm to 1 meter.
The first mention of the daylily in Europe can be found in the writings of Pliny, and in the gardens of ancient China this plant was grown during the reign of the Zhou dynasty (1255–1122 BC). In China and Japan, this plant is still grown not only for decorative purposes, but also for food. Dried daylily buds are used as an aromatic seasoning for meat dishes. This species is called edible daylily.
Daylily dark burgundy with yellow middle
Daylily is very good for planting in gardens and parks, in summer cottages. It looks equally beautiful both near ponds and in curtains on lawns.
This plant winters well in the North-West, practically not requiring shelter. It blooms annually and for a long time, multiplies easily, rarely gets sick and is damaged by pests.
For all these properties, the famous German flower breeder Karl Foster called the daylily "the flower of an intelligent lazy person."
Due to its peculiarity to bloom for only one day, in Russia it was called "krasodnev". The same essence is reflected in the Latin name - "hemerocallis", which means "beautiful day".
The British call this plant a Day Lily, and the Germans call it a Taglilie. But since there are more than a dozen flowers in the inflorescences, the flowering duration is several weeks.
Today, thanks to the work of breeders, we can find the most varied color of flowers - from pure white to almost black; from traditional yellow to red and lilac with corrugated edges of the petals.
Currently, the most common are six types of this plant:
Daylily red with yellow middle
A plant with simple or double flowers up to 10-12 cm in diameter, yellowish-golden on the outside, orange on the inside. The homeland of this species is China and Japan. The usual flowering time is June - July.
The most common varieties are: Apricot - bright orange flowers, Georg Weld - orange flowers, Dr. Regel - dark yellow, Lady Gesketh - lemon yellow, Flore Pleno - yellow-orange flowers.
Daylily orange with wavy petals
Daylily of Middendorf
Wild species of this plant are found in the Far East, Sakhalin, China, Korea and Japan. It blooms twice a season: in May and August. The plant is 50 - 70 cm high. The leaves are collected in a root rosette. Flowers up to 10 cm in diameter, bright yellow.
The plant is up to 50 cm high. The flowers are star-shaped, with a delicate aroma. Blooms in May - June.
Daylily Abstract Art
Homeland - Eastern Siberia. Blooms in May - June. Reaches a height of 50 cm. It has linear, narrow leaves, up to 0.5 cm wide. The flowers are small, 4–5 cm in diameter, fragrant.
The homeland of this species is the Far East and Siberia. The height of this plant is up to 90 cm. The leaves are bright green, broad-linear, collected in a basal rosette. Flowers 8–10 cm in diameter are lemon-yellow, with a pleasant aroma. The inflorescence usually contains 5-10 flowers.
Daylily Franz Heinz
The widest group of varieties obtained from crossing the above species. Currently, there are about ten thousand varieties in the world that differ from each other in terms of flowering, color of flowers, presence of aroma, size of peduncle and terry.
The most common varieties are Golden Orchids - orange flowers, Pink Damascus - red-pink, Stafford - red, Scarlet Orbit - red with a yellow throat, Carl Rossi - a dark red flower with a cherry tint and a greenish-yellow throat, in inflorescence up to ten flowers, flowering duration - a month, winter-hardy.
All of these varieties are distinguished by abundant and long flowering, but some are not without drawbacks. So the Pink Damascus variety is susceptible to such a disease as heterosporia, and Scarlet Orbit is more often than others damaged by pests.
Daylily is photophilous, but easily tolerates partial shade. Prefers slightly moist soils, well fertilized, as it usually grows in one place from five to eight years. Daylily is usually propagated by dividing the rhizomes - in the spring (late April - early May) or in August - September. During the summer, this culture can be propagated by cuttings. For this purpose, bunches of linear leaves are usually used, which are formed from under the green stems.
This plant rarely gets sick. Of the diseases, heterosporiasis can be noted. With this disease, the leaves of the daylily turn yellow and elongated dark brown spots form on them. The disease manifests itself especially in a warm, humid summer with a thickened planting. Prevention of the disease consists in pruning and harvesting leaves before wintering and in processing plants with copper-containing preparations - "Oxyhom", copper oxychloride, copper sulfate.
Below is a table of the most common varieties growing in the North-West, indicating the characteristics of the variety and the approximate time of its flowering.
|VARIETY||COLORING THE FLOWER||Plant height||Blooming daylilies last year|
|Day-lily:||Burgundy with yellow center||45-50 cm||14.07–15.08|
|Red with yellow center||30-45 cm||13.07–12.08|
|Orange wavy petals||80 cm – 1 m||20.07–11.08|
|Abstract Art *||Three apricot and three light brick petals||60-80 cm||09.07–11.08|
|Franz Heinz *||Three burgundy and three yellow petals||60-80 cm||13.07–14.08|
|Varzite *||Creamy with burgundy ring||60-80 cm||14.07–13.08|
* - varieties related to hybrid daylilies, resistant to heterosporium disease
Read also about daylilies:
• Daylilies - growing, care and reproduction
• Medicinal use of daylilies
master gardener of the Palace of Peter I in Strelna
Photo by the author
The use of badan in garden design
Badans are considered an interesting large-leaved alternative to ground covers and an ideal decoration for front gardens. With their help, you can create amazingly colorful natural compositions. They are appropriate in framing ponds, rockeries, imitations of meadow plantings, in unusual options for the edge, borders, ornamental mixborders, in mono-work, as a gutter concealer and even as a lawn decoration.
Badans bring brightness, ornamentation and severity. It is one of the most reliable plants for creating stable, almost maintenance-free colorful glades and a variety of textures and patterns. Perfectly shading small-leaved and textural plants and blooming stars, badan invites you to admire, as with the first frosts, purple watercolor leaves as if covered with a thin border, leaving bright red pillows for the winter garden.
The best partners for badan are hosts, daylilies, irises, periwinkle, geranium, veronica, swimsuits, bells, tradescantia, astilbe, rogers, ferns, lilies, tree peonies, decorative bows. It perfectly emphasizes the beauty of coniferous and landscape shrubs with special branch silhouettes.
Daylily is a flower of good luck in our gardens
Daylily (Hemerocallis) is a perennial herb with bright, cheerful inflorescences of all shades of the rainbow. Its name comes from two Greek words: "hemera" - "day" and "kallos" - "beauty", which is explained by the short life span of a beautiful flower, usually no more than one day. The people call the daylily a flower of joy and sincerely believe that touching it brings good luck, drives away all sorrows and sorrows.
This perennial firmly endures the whims of the Russian winter - changes in temperature, wind, frost. He is moisture-loving, unpretentious and loves the sun very much.
The beautiful daylily can withstand the harsh Russian winters
The flowering dates of daylilies differ depending on the species - from April to June. From the halo of its lush leaves, juicy peduncles strewn with funnel-shaped flowers stretch upward. Despite the fact that each of them lives only one day, this feature is almost invisible to the eye. Indeed, up to 50 buds can form on one peduncle, and more and more new ones bloom every day. In total, it blooms for about a month, spreading around itself a subtle amber scent with light notes of sandalwood. Some varieties bloom twice a season.
Daylily flower lives one day
To achieve the decorative effect of the garden from early summer to late autumn, plant different types of this flower side by side.
‘Stella D’Oro’ variety
It blooms almost continuously and is distinguished by very short pauses between flowering waves, the boundaries between which are almost invisible. Thanks to the efforts of breeders, the daylily of this variety is able to bloom from May to October, when the autumn cold begins to be felt in the garden.
Daylily, variety 'Stella de Oro'. © fostersnursery
Unfortunately, this plant is quite modest in size and will not exceed 40 cm, but the beauty and abundance of flowering, and most importantly, its duration fully compensate for this shortcoming.
Lush, surprisingly beautiful and elegantly drooping leaves in rather loose, but surprisingly wide and graceful clumps of this plant ideally emphasize the beauty of the golden, almost round shape of cheerful flowers with a beautiful edge.
Daylily, variety 'Stella de Oro'. © US Rt 40
The flower reaches 6.5 cm in diameter, but they appear larger due to the dense arrangement of petals in the almost solid-looking flowers. This daylily is good both in borders and in flowering compositions.
How to care for daylilies: disease and pest control
As for diseases and pests, daylilies, like all plants, have them. True, daylilies rarely get sick and most often when they were planted incorrectly. Therefore, before you propagate the daylily yourself, you need to be well acquainted with the simple rules of caring for the plant. This will minimize the possibility of disease or pests. How to care for a daylily is described above, but the question of how to deal with problems that arise during the growth of a plant requires special attention.
Usually diseases and pests do not cause significant damage to plants. Among the insects that like to dwell on a flower, one can distinguish the following:
Thrips that feed on the sap of the plant, reducing the vital activity of the daylily, spoil its appearance. Unfortunately, if affected by this insect, the bush should be removed from the front garden and burned. Since thrips live in the ground, the place should be treated with insecticides.
The daylilies shown in the photo should be treated with these substances from time to time before planting and during further care.
The lily mosquito lays the larvae in the heart-shaped buds. Growing up, the pest begins to feed on the sap of the plant, while deforming the bud.
Slugs grow in fairly damp soils and cause tremendous damage to the plant. The only fight against them is picking up and removing them from the site.
Another problem is water voles - rodents, which quite often feed not only on the root system of fruit trees, but also on bulbous plants, as well as on the rhizome of the daylily.
Among the diseases are fusarium, root rot and rust. Many of them appear as a result of improper plant care, when bacteria begin to multiply in the wrong neighborhood or as a result of strong waterlogging. So, rust affects the daylily only if the flower is planted nearby patinia, and Fusarium (fungal disease) appears with excessive moisture and its stagnation in the soil. For the treatment of such diseases, spraying with fungicides is carried out. It is worth noting that after the plant has had a fungal disease, mulch should be removed from its root system for the winter.
Root rot most often affects the root system, becomes noticeable in spring and is manifested by a stop in the growth of young leaves. In the future, they turn yellow and easily separate from the bush. Treatment is carried out by digging up the plant and removing the affected areas in the roots. Further, the rhizome is treated with potassium permanganate and fungicides, dried and only then transplanted to a new place. The rescued plant will not give color for the next 2 years.
If you want to get lush greenery and abundant flowering of your daylily - then devote a little time to it, follow the rules for caring for the plant, and it will certainly delight you, decorate your garden plot.
In plants, up to 300 fistulous, hollow leaves appear, up to 80 cm long and 3-4 cm wide, and, like in onion species, a real bulb is formed. The peculiarity of this onion is the formation on flowering shoots instead of seeds in 2-4 tiers of many airy bulbs, 0.5-2 cm in size each. The onion can withstand frosts at -40 ° C and does not require shelter. Biennial plants are propagated by planting freshly harvested air bulbs. Starting at 3 years old, the bushes are divided and planted. Plants can be grown without transplanting for up to 5 years, annually yielding a crop from 1 square meter: greenery - up to one kilogram, air bulbs - up to 1.2 kg, underground bulbs - up to 1.5 kg. In terms of phytoncidal properties, this species is superior to all others.
Common varieties of tiered onions: Likova, Memory, Chelyabinsk.
How to grow tulips (video)
Lily plants for the garden
In the context of landscape design and garden floriculture, daylilies are grown, which are distinguished by their relative resistance to weather factors and unpretentiousness to soil conditions.
Ground cover perennial is widely used to decorate alpine hills and rocky areas. The plant is up to 30 cm high. It has a shortened rhizome and rosette basal petiole leaves of large size, lanceolate, green color. Flowers of white lilac-white color, tubular type, simple, gather in loose racemose type inflorescences, located on leafless peduncles. Flowering occurs in mid-summer.
Ground cover perennial is widely used to decorate alpine hills and rocky areas. Leafy shoots extend from the apical part and lateral rhizome branches. Foliage basal, long-petiolized, whole-edged, bright green, with bluish shades on the upper side and shine on the lower side
A low-growing highly decorative garden plant with a pair of basal leaves and very bright beautiful flowers that slightly resemble ordinary bells
Perennial herb, characterized by a short underground rhizome and high above-ground shoots, surrounded at the base by part of last year's foliage
A tall, abundantly flowering ornamental perennial garden plant from the lily family. The root resembles a starfish and reaches a diameter of 10-15 cm. The roots are fleshy, twisted spindle-shaped or with a cylindrical thickening. The foliage is numerous, trihedral-linear and flat. Bell-shaped yellow or pink flowers
Blooms around late May or early June. The flowers are star-shaped, collected in racemose inflorescences.In the landscape, the plant is most often used in landscape design, near water bodies, in rockeries, next to conifers
Used to decorate alpine slides and rocky areas. A perennial has rounded or ovoid bulbs covered with dark gray, purple or brown outer scales. The foliage is linear, basal. Inflorescences are represented by single flowers
A typical ephemeroid with a self-healing bulb. Large drooping flowers are formed one at a time or are combined into umbellate and paniculate inflorescences. Perennial is widely used to decorate alpine slides and rocky areas
Houseplants of the lily family
The flowers of lily plants grown in indoor culture are characterized by visual appeal, size, variety of forms and a fairly pronounced aroma. Many species are unpretentious and perfectly adapted for growing by insufficiently experienced amateur flower growers.
A perennial herb bushy houseplant with green or white-green narrow leaves, hanging airy whiskers with small bushes of new plants. Blooms with whitish small nondescript flowers
Indoor succulent culture, similar to an aloe and having thick warty leaves collected in a basal rosette. Flowering is relatively long, but the formed flowers are inconspicuous
Small bulbous early flowering ornamental plant, also known as "viper onion". Peduncles are crowned with numerous small inflorescences, which consist of small bell-shaped flowers
Tuberous herbaceous perennial with shoots covered with curly leaves. The foliage is arranged in three leaves or opposite. Leaves are elongated lanceolate, sessile type. The flowers are located on long peduncles emerging from the leaf axils at the top of the plant.
The perennial attracts amateur flower growers with the formation of magnificent yellow and bell-shaped flowers that appear on the plant since January. The most common in room culture is aloe, or tricolor lachenalia
From the middle of the bulb, two or three climbing and branchy, fleshy peduncles of a light green color grow. The height of the interlaced florists is half a meter. The leaves are small and inconspicuous. On the lateral branches, small, low-decorative flowers are formed
The roots are fleshy and thick, and the rhizome is short, creeping type. Foliage is located in root rosettes. A long and thick peduncle is formed from leaf rosettes, on the apical part of which bright blue, white or lilac-blue funnel-shaped flowers are collected, represented by an umbrella-shaped inflorescence