Every gardener dreams of a beautiful plot. Of the majority of ornamental plants, barberry is very popular.... There are many varieties of this shrub. One of the most unusual and colorful varieties is the tunberg atropurpurea barberry.
Description of barberry varieties Thunberg atropurpurea
Tunberg barberry atropurpurea is a very beautiful and unusual shrub that is grown to decorate the garden or as a hedge.
Unfortunately, barberry fruits of this variety are not eaten, they have a lot of alkaloids, which is why they are bitter and not tasty. They ripen in late October and are red, small and oblong berries that literally shower the shrubbery. Due to its appearance, barberry often attracts the attention of birds, which helps, to some extent, protect other fruit and berry plantations.
By the age of 5, the shrub grows up to 2 meters in height and 3.5 in width. The dwarf form of barberry Atropurpurea is called Thunberg Atropurpurea nana. Popularly, the variety of barberry tunberg atropurpurea is called red-leaved barberry, which is due to the unusual color of the leaves. In summer they are purple, in autumn the color becomes more saturated and turns into a bright red. Green spots appear on the leaves in the shade, therefore, in order to preserve the decorative appearance of the barberry, it is better to plant it in sunny places.
Flowering falls on 2-3 weeks of May... The flowers are round in shape, grow only up to 1 centimeter in diameter, usually they are collected in brushes of 3-6 pieces. The inside of the flowers is bright yellow and the outside is purple-red.
The mountains of the Caucasus and the southern regions are considered the natural habitat of the shrub, but its frost resistance allows growing in colder areas.
The life cycle of this plant is 50-60 years.
Red-leaved barberry has good winter hardiness, and it can be grown in almost any area... It is also necessary to note the endurance of this plant in front of sunlight, it is not afraid of not only frost, but also heat.
The only condition that must be met during planting is sensitivity to soil moisture, it should not be dry, but the presence of nearby groundwater can cause rotting of the root system.
Advantages and disadvantages
The only drawback of the barberry tunberg atropurpurea is the taste of the fruit, they are not suitable for consumption, and therefore such a shrub is suitable for growing only as an ornamental plant.
There are many more advantages of this variety.:
- excellent and unusual appearance, the bright color of the leaves and the wide crown are well suited for creating a hedge;
- bush not afraid of winter cold;
- grade not picky about care and growing conditions, tolerates heat, drought, etc .;
- bright berries allow you to distract the attention of birdsthus protecting other plants.
There are several rules, observing which the barberry shrub will decorate the garden plot for a very long time. First you need to decide on a place, it must meet the following requirements:
- necessarily the presence of a lot of sunlight, shading can cause discoloration of the leaves;
- although barberry loves moisture, its excess can destroy the plant, therefore lowlands should be avoided and places where precipitation and melted snow accumulate;
- also you can not plant barberry in places high water table.
The gardener should take into account the diameter of the crown of the shrub and place it at a distance of at least 4 meters from other plantings.
It is also necessary to prepare the soil in advance. If planting is carried out in the spring, then the soil is prepared in the fall, and in the case of autumn planting 3-4 weeks before work.:
- High acidity is not allowed, therefore, if this indicator is available, it is necessary to add lime or dolomite flour;
- Loamy or chernozem soil you need "Lighten" with peat or sand;
- Pit size depends on the age of the plant:
- up to 2 years diameter and depth are equal 25-30 centimeters;
- for aged shrubs up to 3 years pit dimensions will be 50x50 centimeters.
If the barberry is planted as a hedge, it is necessary to dig a trench with a width and depth of 40 centimeters.
- While digging a hole, the upper the fertile soil layer is mixed with:
- 2 buckets of compost or humus;
- 2 buckets of sand;
- 100 grams of superphosphate.
The best time to plant it is considered the beginning of spring, but work can also be done in mid-October.
Before planting, the soil must be thoroughly moistened, and additionally watered after the seedling is in the ground. It is also recommended to mulch the soil.
Like any other plant, barberry needs care. An adult shrub is not whimsical to the frequency of watering, you can moisten the soil 2-3 times a month, the main thing is not to allow drying out. The young barberry, which is still just adapting to a new habitat, requires much more moisture, it is watered 1-2 times a week.
Barberry is very picky about the amount of oxygen in the soil, so you need to loosen the ground around the shrub as often as possible. Removing weeds and other plants is also considered an important step.
After watering and weeding the root zone, it is recommended to cover it with a 5-7 cm layer of mulch from sawdust, peat or other material. This procedure will help to retain moisture and oxygen for as long as possible.
One of the most important stages of growing a shrub is proper feeding. Although it is believed that barberry tunberg atropurpurea is not picky about the quality of the soil, when it is saturated, the shrub will look much more powerful and beautiful.
|In the spring, the next year after planting, in the future, this procedure is repeated once every 4 years.||A young plant is watered with 30 grams of urea, diluted in 10 liters of water. As the shrub grows, 1 bucket of fertilizer will be consumed per 1 square meter of the root zone.|
|Before and after flowering||For one adult shrub, prepare the following mixture:|
|In late autumn, after leaf fall||Mineral fertilizers are needed to prepare the plant for winter. 15 grams of superphosphate and 10 grams of potassium sulphide are poured under one bush. If the weather is rainy, then fertilizers are left dry, if precipitation is not expected, it is best to water the plants so that the fertilizing dissolves.|
An adult barberry does not need a winter shelter, but a young and fragile shrub can die due to severe frost. Therefore, experienced gardeners recommend cover plants with burlap for the winter until the age of 4-5 years.
Thunberg barberry atropurpurea is grown as a decorative element, therefore, in early spring, while the plant is at rest, it needs to be given the desired shape, the choice of which depends on the wishes of the gardener. Usually, such a shrub is shaped into a ball. Barberry growing as a hedge is cut to the desired height.
Also, the shrub needs sanitary pruning, it is carried out in early spring and late autumn. The purpose of such work is to remove dry, frozen or damaged branches.
Diseases and pests
Barberry is resistant to many diseases and pests, but still gardeners may face the following problems:
|Powdery mildew or rust||You can get rid of these diseases by treating the shrub with modern chemicals or 1 percent solution of colloidal sulfur.|
|Barberry sawer||Plant treatment with 1 or 3% chlorophos solution.|
|Barberry aphid||A solution helps well, during the preparation of which 150 grams of laundry soap is diluted in 5 liters of water.|
Olga: my mother began to grow red-leaved barberry, and since that time, a bright hedge has flaunted on our site. Our bushes are over 30 years old, of course I cut them every year, but they look just great. This is ideal for the lazy gardener.
Victor: I read somewhere that barberry berries attract the attention of birds, I decided to plant and did not regret it, in addition to the distracting effect that I wanted to achieve, I got a beautiful and unusual plant on my site that pleases the eye and attracts the attention of neighbors.
Anastasia: decided to start landscaping the garden, a friend of the landscape designer advised the barberry tunberg atropurpurea, planted it and did not regret her choice at all. The shrub is lush and beautiful, fits perfectly into any decorative composition.
Thunberg barberry atropurpurea will be an excellent element of any landscape design... In addition, such a plant does not require special attention to itself and even an inexperienced gardener can handle the cultivation.
Barberry Atropurpurea Nana is distinguished by the presence of thorns - these are modified leaves, from the axils of which real leaves grow. His crown is spreading. Throughout the season it has a purple color, which can only slightly change during development. The bark has a reddish tint.
Barberry Atropurpurea Nana has a decorative appearance
Flowering occurs in early summer. Flowers of yellow color have a wonderful smell. On the plant, they are collected in tassels. The culture is an excellent honey plant, so you can always see bees around.
Barberry bushes of this type are perfectly adapted to any conditions - they easily tolerate both heat and frost, though not too serious. They can grow up to 4 meters in height. There is also a dwarf variety that reaches 60 cm in adulthood with a diameter of 1 m.
Brief characteristic, application
One of the most popular garden barberries is the ornamental Thunberg Barberry (Berberis thunbergii). The plant is native to Japan. It is a small but widely growing spherical shrub characterized by:
- erect branches, sometimes beautifully curved
- highly branched dense foliage
- thorny shoots.
Photo. Decorative barberry leaves of different varieties.
Options for using varieties of barberry:
- Tall varieties of barberry are ideal as hedges, flower beds. The thorny shoots of the bush make it difficult for uninvited guests to access the site, so the plant has a protective function.
- Barberry varieties with an attractive crown, characterized by a lower growth, are ideal for creating compositions in flower beds, ridges with other ornamental shrubs or perennials.
- The lowest barberries are interesting plants for rocky gardens, rockeries, go well with stones and walls.
- An ornamental shrub in the garden can also act as a cover plant.
- Low varieties are also suitable for container growing.
Barberry of the Thunberg species reaches a height of about 1.5 meters. In addition to the oval leaves, its main decoration is the oblong, red berries. The species includes a huge number of decorative varieties that differ significantly from each other.
The shrub works in any garden, both in size and style. In arrangements, it can be planted alone or in garden compositions in groups with other shrubs.
Characteristics of the Thunberg barberry:
- Tolerates pruning well - you can limit the growth of shoots in small gardens.
- Due to thorny shoots, hedges from it are difficult for people and most animals to overcome.
- Very attractive in autumn - the colored leaves have a beautiful autumn color - orange, yellow, red. The flowers are yellow-red.
- Bright red fruits appear after flowering and remain long after the leaves fall, decorating the shrub. Barberry berries attract birds looking for food.
- Soil requirements - not picky about soil fertility. Light, permeable soils are preferred. As an exception to other barberry varieties, Thunberg loves slightly acidic soils. Grows best on moderately damp substrates, but tolerates dry, sandy substrates.
- Medium hardy. In severe winters, it can freeze, but quickly restores shoots.
- The bush is photophilous - it becomes lush in sunny places, suffers a slight partial shade.
- Less susceptible to diseases and pests, tolerates light soil salinity and air pollution.
- Pruning. The shrub will thicken if molding pruning is done annually, cutting off all young shoots. Once every few years, it is worth performing anti-aging pruning by removing old shoots.
How to plant?
The shrub is rather picky about growing conditions. It is worth planting barberry in the soil in the spring, when it warms up, or in the fall, about a month before frost. It is better to choose a plot that is well lit so that the foliage does not lose its decorative effect, although the shrub grows well in the shade. The roots of the plant are located close to the soil surface, therefore they are very sensitive to waterlogging.
The place for planting barberry "Atropurpurea nana" should be chosen on a flat area or with a slight elevation.
The soil is fertile, with good drainage and a neutral pH. You can plant a plant in 2 ways:
- in a trench - when planting bushes in the form of a hedge
- into the hole - for a single disembarkation.
The pit is made 40 cm deep, humus and sand are added to the soil in equal parts, as well as superphosphate (for 10 kg of soil mixture, 100 g of powder). After planting, the bushes are mulched and moistened. It is worth landing in the early morning or after sunset.
Features of care and cultivation
The shrub is light-requiring and grows well in partial shade. If there is not enough light, its leaves will begin to turn green.
The plant is resistant to drought and partial shade, but poorly tolerates stagnant moisture.
Barberry is undemanding to soil fertility, it can grow on dry and marginal soils, however, it needs drained fresh soil when planting.
The plant tolerates a drop in temperature normally, and is also resistant to diseases, pests and grows well in urban conditions. Planting prefers in sunny, but sheltered from the wind places. It is recommended to remove weak and old shoots in early spring.
In the Fix Garden nursery there is a wide range of conifers and deciduous plants, so if you want to buy high-quality Thunberg Atropurpurea barberry seedlings at a bargain price, please contact us.
Since the shrub feels good both singly and in group plantings, our employees will help to pick up deciduous and herbaceous "neighbors" for it. We provide services for the supply of seedlings to retail and wholesale customers, as well as help to select and plant plants with further care.
Call for advice and order! And pay attention to promotions and discounts.
Characteristics of the Thunberg barberry and photo
Barberry Thunberg is a plant of the barberry family, which has unique decorative properties. This type is a combination of beauty and benefits at the same time. Barberry Thunberg is widely used in landscape design. Barberry Thunberg in its natural environment prefers spaces open to sunlight. In nature, it is found on the mountain slopes of China and Japan. Read the description of thuja Brabant on this page.
Thunberg barberry hedge
Barberry Thunberg, description and characteristics
Tunberg barberry is a shrub from the barberry family that grows with densely branching shoots.
- An adult plant can grow up to three meters in height.
- On the branches and trunk of the shrub, thorns grow, whose size is equal to one centimeter.
- The leaves of the shrub are small, oblong, often reaching a size of 1-3 cm. At the end of autumn, the foliage, painted in red, falls off.
- An adult plant bears fruit annually and is very abundant.
- During the flowering period, bunches of flowers or single flowers are formed on the branches. The color of the flowers is uneven: the outside of the flower is painted red, and the inside is covered with yellow. Flowering lasts from one to two weeks.
- The bush grows elliptical fruits of bright coral color.
- Berries of the Thunberg barberry reach 10 mm in length. They are poured in mid-autumn and hang on the branches for a long time.
Unfortunately, Thunberg berries have a bitter taste. This is due to the high content of alkaloids. The spherical thuja Danika is described here: http://landscapediz.com/rasteniya/kustarniki/osobennosti-vyrashhivaniya-tui-zapadnoj-sharovidnoj-danika.html.
Photos of varieties and species of barberry Thunberg
Today the market of garden plants abounds in various varieties of barberry.Everyone can choose a plant to their liking. So, the following varieties are considered the most popular:
Dwarf varieties of tunberg barberry:
- barberry tunberg kobold - green bush, reaching 40 cm in height
Barberry tunberg Kobold - bright, not tall handsome
Thunberg barberry atropurpurea nana - colorful character of a garden fairy tale
They are used both in group plantings and in single ones. This variety looks especially impressive in late autumn, when the foliage is painted with bright colors.
decorative forms of Thunberg barberry:
- barberry Thunberg bonanza gold - a small globular shrub with a dense crown, with yellow foliage and red berries
Barberry Thunberg Bonanza Gold
Sprig of Barberry Thunberg Golden Dream
Miniature barberry Thunberg teeny gold
Barberry Thunberg goldalita
erect varieties with vertical shoots:
- barberry erecta Thunberg (green foliage)
Erekta Thunberg's barberry will effectively decorate any landscape
Bright colors of barberry Thunberg red pilar
Thunberg purple-leaved barberry will be an unusual hedge on the site
High-growth green-leaved varieties:
Barberry Thunberg green carpet
Barberry Thunberg green ornament
High-growth red-leaved varieties:
- barberry Thunberg darts red lady - the variety has bright purple foliage
Barberry Thunberg darts red lady
Barberry Thunberg Red Chief
Thunberg barberry helmond pillar - a spectacular way to add variety to your garden design
Barberry Thunberg admiration - bright notes in the flower garden
Barberry Thunberg Red Rocket
Barberry Thunberg harlequin in rockery
varieties with pink variegated leaves:
- barberry Thunberg pink queen - variety with pink foliage with white or gray specks
Barberry Thunberg pink queen
Barberry Thunberg Rose Glow
white-leaved varieties with "speckled":
- barberry Thunberg silver beauty variety with a slight increase
Barberry Thunberg silver beauty
Barberry Thunberg kelleris
The listed varieties of barberry can be safely attributed to cold-resistant. They are going through the winter hard, but if you carefully cover the shrub from frost, then it will delight the gardener for more than one season.
Golden varieties of barberry tunberg:
- barberry Thunberg golden rocket (golden crown)
Barberry Thunberg Golden Rocket
Barberry Thunberg Golden Ring
Barberry Thunberg orange rocket
- barberry Thunberg aurea - close to the main species, it is lemon yellow in color, as well as orange-golden. Low.
Barberry Thunberg bagatelle
Barberry Thunberg corona
Barberry Thunberg flamingo
Barberry Thunberg Concord
Barberry Thunberg pow wow
Barberry Thunberg Starburst
Barberry Turnberg Carmen
Barberry Thunberg Sensei
Photo of barberry Thunberg in landscape design
Barberry Thunberg is one of the versatile plants that landscape designers often use in their projects. The shrub can be used both in rocky gardens and near artificial reservoirs. This type of barberry will be appropriate not only in landscape compositions, but also for decorating ceremonial places. Read the thuja care guide and tips for planting it.
Barberry Thunberg in garden design
Thunberg barberry hedge
Barberry seed price Thunberg
The prices for Thunberg barberry seeds are completely different. They depend not only on the nursery and the place where they are sold, but also on the variety. You can buy Thunberg barberry for an average of 700 rubles. Read an overview of thuja species on this page.
Where to buy Thunberg barberry?
You can buy tunberg barberry in Moscow at:
- "Darwin" garden hypermarket Moscow, Solnechnogorsk, 67th km of Leningradskoye shosse.
Contact phone: +7 (495) 642-64-26
- "KENNEL SAVVATEEVS" 143723, Moscow region, Shakhovskoy district, village of Spas-Vilki, house 52
Contact phone: +7 (962) 976-15-56
- Online store "Semenasad.ru" 140153, Moscow region, Ramensky district, Ostrovets highway, village. Vereya, bldg. 500 (industrial zone warehouse No. 4a) Contact phones: +7 495 9718781, +7 495 6609372 (73)
You can buy tunberg barberry in St. Petersburg at the following addresses:
- Svoya Usadba company 188661 St. Petersburg, Novoe Devyatkino 15a Contact phone: +7 (812) 975 -1- 222, +7 (962) 715-86-17
- Company "House of Seeds", St. Petersburg, st. Oleko Dundicha, 36, bldg. 1 Contact phone: 8 (812) 603-24-70
- Company "House of Seeds", St. Petersburg, 1st Verkhniy pereulok, 8 Contact phone: 8 (812) 603-09-30
Watch the video for tips on caring for Thunberg barberry:
Features of planting and care
In the description of the agrotechnical features of the tunberg barberry Atropurpurea, the requirements for its planting and care, the characteristic is often found - light-loving, shade-tolerant. What does this mean in practice? In order for the variety to fully reveal its potential and show all the splendor of colors, it must be planted in a sunny place protected from northern winds. In partial shade, the plant feels no worse, but the foliage will not be as juicy and bright as in the sun, more dark green than purple.
Advice! Thunberg barberry is afraid not so much of frost as of a cold, scalding wind. Depending on the winter wind rose, it is recommended to plant it from the south and west, under the protection of the walls of the building, dense tall plantings.
Soil, planting nuances
The plant amazes with its unpretentiousness to the soil. The mechanical composition of the soil does not play a big role, the range of acidity is wide - pH from 5.5 to 7.5. Only dislikes heavy, moisture-consuming substrates with a tendency for water to stagnate in the root zone.
When planting, it is still recommended to cultivate the soil, that is, add humus, if necessary, loosen it with sand. The quantities are standard for shrubs - 5–8 kg of humus are placed on a hole measuring 50x50x40, the same amount of sand and mixed with garden soil.
The optimal planting time is in spring before bud break or in autumn during the period of suspension of growth (coincides with leaf fall).
Between the seedlings of tall forms they maintain a distance of 1.5–2 m. The dwarf barberry Atropurpurea Nana, if they want to get a dense border, is planted every 60–80 cm.
Advice! When planting, it is advised to leave the root collar level with the soil. But if you plan to divide the barberry bush in the future, deepen it by 5-7 cm to stimulate the growth of zero shoots.
Care during the growing season
Depending on the filling of the hole during planting, they begin to feed the barberry Atropurpurea for 2-3 years. This is done once a year, in the spring. The best fertilizer option - organic matter (humus, compost), which is embedded in the soil, can be watered with a solution of mullein (1:10), poultry droppings (1:20). Mineral alternative - complex fertilizers with nitrogen and microelements for ornamental shrubs, for example, Kemira universal.
Plants need special watering only immediately after planting, while they take root. In the future, rainfall is enough for the shrubs. Rare watering is possible during dry summers. To retain moisture, the trunk circle is mulched with grass or sodden.
Tunberg barberry Atropurpurea lends itself well to a shaping haircut, which is carried out at the beginning of summer and August, but it is not necessary for the normal vegetation of the plant. An obligatory element of care is sanitary pruning in the spring, immediately after bud break. Its function is rather decorative - the removal of old, dry, broken, frost-bruised branches.
Preparing for winter
In order for the plant to winter well, the root zone is insulated with a layer of humus. By the way, it will also serve as a spring top dressing. Young plants are covered with dry leaves for the first 2–4 years after planting, spruce branches or wrapped in burlap, and a layer of spunbond or lutrasil is thrown on top.