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Cherry Molodezhnaya is valued by gardeners for its frost resistance, unpretentiousness, and self-fertility. Delicious juicy fruits ripen by mid-July. Appropriate care will allow you to harvest a fairly large crop from a small tree.
Description of cherry varieties Molodezhnaya
The variety appeared in 1993 as a result of crossing the varieties Lyubskaya and Vladimirskaya. The height of the tree is up to 2.5 m, the crown is round, medium thickened, the branches are lowered to the ground. Takes up a small space, as it belongs to bushy varieties. The leaves are oval, the top is a rich green plate, the bottom is slightly lighter. In the inflorescence there are 3 large white flowers.
Fruit weight - up to 5 g, cherries are slightly elongated. The pulp is juicy, dense, maroon color, sweet and sour on the palate. The bone is separated well.
The cherries of the Youth are slightly elongated
Table: advantages and disadvantages of the variety
|Good winter hardiness and drought resistance||Insufficiently resistant to fungal diseases|
|Pollinator for late flowering cherry varieties||Average winter hardiness of flower buds|
|The variety is self-fertile|
The time for planting cherries is early-mid-October or mid-late April, then the seedling will avoid freezing.
The seedling must be purchased from a specialty store or nursery.
You need to pay attention to the following properties:
- age (preferable to a "two-year-old" with an already formed crown, in addition, you can assess the state of the leaves);
- height (it should be from 0.7 to 1 m);
- the length and condition of the roots (the length of the roots is at least 10 cm, without signs of disease and spots).
For Molodezhnaya cherries, you need to choose a well-lit and draft-protected area on the southern or south-western side of the garden, with sandy loam neutral soil. Groundwater should be located at least 1.5 m from the surface of the earth. If they are nevertheless closer, then you can arrange an artificial hill on which a cherry tree will grow.
- Dig a hole 0.6 m deep, 0.8 m in diameter (for autumn planting, the hole must be prepared 2 weeks before that, and for spring planting - the previous fall).
- Apply fertilizers (10 kg of organic fertilizers, 500 grams of ash, 150 grams of phosphorus fertilizers).
- Form a mound at the bottom of the pit.
- Lower the seedling and spread the roots.
When planting, the roots must be neatly straightened.
- Install a stake, which will subsequently serve as a support.
- Fill up the hole and compact the earth around the trunk.
The ground near the trunk needs to be tamped a little
- Tie the seedling to the peg.
- Mulch with humus, peat.
Fruit tree planting scheme
Cherries should not be planted next to currants; cherries, apple trees, and grapes are favorable neighbors.
Video: planting a fruit tree
A newly planted young tree needs sufficient watering and timely pruning.
Although the variety tolerates drought well, it is undesirable to allow this. The tree especially needs moisture during the period of flowering, ripening of fruits and in the fall, during the fall of the foliage. Calculation of water - 50 l per 1 m2... The soil should become moist to a depth of 40 cm. Excess water should also be avoided, otherwise the roots will rot. It is best to water the cherries not at the root, but in special grooves dug in the near-stem circle.
In autumn, water-charging irrigation is carried out, pouring up to 100 liters of water under one adult tree. Moisture will saturate the roots, which will increase the plant's frost resistance.
Table: timing of feeding cherries
|In spring, 3-4 years after disembarkation||20 g of urea per 1m2 (dig into the trunk circle).|
|At the beginning of summer||Pour with urea solution (40 grams of urea per 10 liters of water).|
|At the beginning of fruiting||10 kg of compost, 20 g of urea and potassium chloride, 300 g of ash, 60 g of superphosphate.|
The role of fertilizer can be played by siderates (plants that enhance soil fertility), which are planted in the aisles of the garden. It can be legumes, clover, mustard, etc. Gardeners use green manures up to 4-5 years of age cherries.
Trim the cherries in the spring before buds begin to bloom. For good crown formation, it is enough to leave 8-10 strong shoots. The branches on them should not interfere with each other and grow parallel to the ground - those that do not meet these requirements are removed. And you should also cut the main trunk, guided by the fact that its elevation above the rest of the branches does not exceed 20 cm.
Sections of removed shoots must be treated with garden pitch. In subsequent years, frozen, dry, too long shoots, as well as branches growing deeper into the crown, are removed.
Prune trees with a well-honed garden tool
Video: pruning cherries
Preparing for winter
In the fall, you need to whitewash the tree - this measure will prevent hares and mice from eating the bark. In addition, lime will protect the stem from spring and winter sunburn. In regions with cold winters, it will also be appropriate to cover the tree with a non-woven material to keep the plant from freezing. A small tree needs to be completely covered, an adult only has a trunk.
In preparation for winter (at the beginning of November), the trunk circle is mulched with a compost layer of about 5 cm. It is necessary to ensure that the mulch does not touch the bark, otherwise the trunk may rot. Autumn mulching improves the development of cherries and increases yields.
Diseases and pests
One of the main disadvantages of Molodezhnaya cherry is its average resistance to fungal diseases.
Table: how to deal with diseases and pests of cherries
|Diseases and pests||How do they manifest||Prophylaxis||Control measures|
|Coccomycosis||Brown dots appear on the leaves, which then merge into spots. The underside of the leaf is covered with a light pink bloom - these are fungal spores. Leaves begin to fall off, the tree weakens by winter and can freeze in cold weather. The disease also affects the fruits, making them inedible.|
|Moniliosis||The appearance of small gray growths on the bark and fruits. They cause the appearance of cracks, the appearance of gum, the death of branches.|
|Anthracnose||The appearance on the fruit of spots, bumps and pink bloom. Cherries dry, mummify. Anthracnose is capable of destroying most of the crop.|
|Aphid||It feeds on tree sap, causing drying and deformation of the shoots, greatly weakening the plant.||Treatment with drugs Iskra, Inta-Vir.|
|Weevil||The insect damages buds, flowers, ovaries. The larvae eat away the nuclei of the bones.|
|Sawfly||The sawfly larvae eat the leaves.||Processing after harvest with Iskra, Inta-Vir.|
Photo gallery: cherry pests and diseases
Cherry Molodezhnaya begins to bear fruit 4–5 years after planting, ripens in mid-July. One tree gives from 10 to 15 kg of berries per season.
Berries are harvested in dry weather, ripe cherries are easily separated from the stalk. The variety belongs to dessert, it is used both fresh and for the preparation of preserves, compotes, jams and other preparations. Cherries are kept in the refrigerator for 1.5–2 weeks. Freezing is a great way to store it.
Youth cherries are dessert varieties
Reviews of gardeners about Molodezhnaya cherry varieties
Youth is a good variety, there were complaints about winter hardiness, but I know that, according to reviews, it has been living in the Moscow region for quite a long time.
The Molodezhnaya cherry has ripened (or is almost ripe). I liked it very much! The berries are sweet and sour, even more sweet (those who managed to ripen to dark red). I am very pleased! And how happy my son is! It is a pity that the cherry is only half a meter high.
I am quite familiar with such a variety as Molodezhnaya. The variety is very productive and self-fertile. Cherry ripens rather late and at the same time is resistant to frosty winter. The fruits are very large, rounded, maroon. The cherry pulp is very sweet with a pleasant taste. I also noticed that the fruits hang on the tree for a very long time.
Young cherry is a self-fertile tree, that is, gardeners do not have to worry about the presence of pollinating cherry in the garden. Good drought and frost resistance also add advantages to the variety. However, attention must be paid to combating diseases, since Youth has an average resistance to fungal diseases.
History of the species and its description
Parents are trees Zhukovskaya Michurinsky varieties, which are obtained as a result of free pollination. Closer to the middle of the 20th century, the topic of choice was no less popular than at the beginning. As a result, in 1947, thanks to the efforts of scientists Zhukov S.V. and Kharitonov E.N. (the author of Kharitonovka, no less well-known to everyone), there is a new variety that was recommended for cultivation in the middle and Lower Volga and in the Central Black Earth and Central regions. ...
Zhukovskaya cherries have an amazing taste
What you need to know about this class is, first and foremost, high performance and easy maintenance. Trees are not considered tall and can vary in height from 2 to 3.5 meters. Almost the same figure and crown diameter. This spread is moderately rarefied. Skeletal branches and extra shoots of medium thickness, covered with dark brown bark.
The leaves are dark green in color, elliptical and with a slight sheen. Small denticles are visible along the edges. During flowering, the tree is abundantly covered with large white flowers with a pleasant smell. Much of the crop is ripe with the fruit of the branches growing on growth in the past year.
The crown is average residentsthe Zhukovskaya and does not take up much space
The berries are heart-shaped, slightly rounded at the base, maroon with a slight sheen. Average weight of one berry is from 4 to 7 grams. The taste of the pulp is sweet, with a slight sourness. The bone is easily separated from it. For their incomparable taste, Zhukovskaya received the maximum number of points on the tasting scale (5 out of 5), becoming the benchmark among many varieties.
Cherry is best planted in spring. To do this, the seedlings bought in the fall are dug up or stored in the basement, sprinkling the roots with wet sawdust. Cherries should be paired with a pollinator. The root system should be branched, fibrous.
Roots not shorter than 30-35 cm, light cut. They should not be swollen or damaged. The size of the pit depends on the soil, the more fertile the soil, the shallower the depth of the pit. In the middle lane, on loamy heavy lands, holes are made with a diameter of 1 m and a depth of 70-80 cm.
When planting cherries, the following is added to the hole:
- 10 kg of humus
- 60 g superphosphate
- 60 g of potassium chloride.
When planting, the root neck of a cherry should rise 5-8 cm above the ground. Before planting, the roots of the seedling should be soaked for several hours in a growth stimulator.
Cherries grown in a container, that is, having a closed root system, can be planted throughout the spring and summer, but no later than a month before the onset of frost. The best time to plant cherries in spring is the first half of April.
In warmer regions this will be the beginning of the month, in colder regions it will be closer to the end. It is important to plant before bud break and when the ground warms up. A plant planted at the optimal time will take root better and be more resistant to various weather conditions.
Choosing a landing site
Cherry is a thermophilic plant, so you need to start planting by choosing a place - the sunniest part of the garden. When planting several seedlings, you need to leave a distance of 3-4 m between the holes so that the overgrown bushes do not interfere with each other.
The planting site must be well ventilated, the cherry does not tolerate cold air stagnation. She does not like swampy, cold and acidic soils, lowlands, high groundwater levels. Cherry grows poorly on sandy soils.
What can and can not be planted next to Vladimir cherry
Cherry Vladimirskaya does not tolerate the neighborhood of such trees and bushes:
- Apple tree
- black currant
- red rowan
- sea buckthorn
The best neighbors for her are:
- cherries (without which pollination is impossible)
- cherry plum
Cherry youth variety description: selection of seedlings, planting, care rules
Cherry youth variety description
Experienced gardeners know that if you choose cherry varieties of different ripening periods, you can feast on fresh berries for a couple of months.
Cherry Youth variety description
Cherry variety Molodezhnaya appeared in 1993 by crossing Lyubskaya and Vladimirskaya. A low tree with a height of 2-2.5 m has a round crown of medium density with branches lowered to the ground, which greatly facilitates harvesting. Refers to bushy compact varieties that take up small spaces in the garden.
The bark is brownish brown, the branches are thin and curved. The foliage is oval, saturated green, medium in size, the underside is lighter. The umbrella-shaped inflorescence consists of three large white flowers. The flowering period falls in the second decade of May. Differs in high winter hardiness.
It is a good pollinator for late flowering cherry varieties.
Variety Molodezhnaya - a variety of ordinary cherries, characterized by high productivity. 10-12 kg of berries are harvested from one adult tree, under favorable weather conditions - up to 15 kg. The ripening period is average, falls on the second - third decade of July.
Fruits are large (up to 100 mm in diameter), weighing 4-5 grams, slightly elongated round, fleshy. They have a dark burgundy color. The pulp is quite dense and juicy, easily separates from the medium-sized stone. The juice is purple, aromatic. The taste is pleasant sweet with sourness, without astringency.
Cherry varieties Molodezhnaya are medium-fruited, bears fruit for 4-5 years after planting. Berries grow on the branches of last year's growth, less often on bouquet branches. With proper care, cherry trees have a lifespan of 15-20 years.
The variety of cherries Molodezhnaya is widespread due to a number of advantages:
- does not require additional pollinators, as it is self-fertile
- has high frost resistance
- has a good yield
- unpretentious to care for, tolerates drought well.
Among the disadvantages of this variety, the average resistance to fungal diseases is noted.
Selection of seedlings and planting
Cherry varieties Molodezhnaya: planting
The choice of quality planting material will be the key to a rich harvest in the future. Choose one- or two-year-old cherry seedlings with a height of 70-100 cm, since a young plant will take root faster. Experienced gardeners consider the most optimal planting of a two-year-old, such seedlings have a crown formed by specialists in the nursery. Buy a sapling with leaves to check if the plant is healthy. Please note that the length of the root system must be at least 10 cm. High-quality planting material must be free from damage and signs of disease.
Cherry seedlings should be purchased in specialized stores. Planting is carried out in spring or autumn. Autumn planting material is considered to be more robust and hardy.
Having dealt with the seedlings, you should decide on a place for planting cherries. It is advisable to choose a sunny, wind-protected area that is located on the south or southwest side of the garden.
Check the groundwater level, it should be no closer than 1.5 m.Do not plant cherries in lowlands, for this purpose a hill is better suited.
Youth, like other best cherry varieties, prefers sandy loam soils with a neutral ph.
Landing is carried out as follows:
- dig a hole 50-60 cm deep and 70-80 cm in diameter
- fertilizers are applied (humus, superphosphate, potassium nitrate, ash), lime is added to the acidic soil
- at the bottom of the pit, the dug topsoil 10-15 cm high is laid with a slide
- a tree is lowered onto a hill and the roots are straightened, a stake is placed next to which a seedling is tied
- the pit is covered with fertile soil and tamped
- watering is carried out with soft settled water
- the soil is mulched with peat or humus.
The most favorable time for planting cherries is mid-spring or early autumn, since the risk of freezing the plant disappears. Apple trees, cherries, grapes and other varieties of cherries will be good neighbors for her, but planting currants nearby is not worth it.
Cherry Youth: rules of care
Cherry varieties: care during flowering
Organizing the correct care of cherries will provide you with a rich harvest of tasty and healthy berries.
The soil around the cherry is carefully weeded and weeds are removed in such a way as not to damage the roots that lie quite close to the soil surface.
Cherries tolerate summer heat and drought well, and need additional watering at certain periods: during flowering, active growth, at the stage of fruit ripening and at the end of the season, when the foliage will fall off.
Do not allow the soil to dry out during the ripening period of the berries, otherwise this will lead to their cracking. Watering is carried out at the rate of 40-60 liters per 1 sq. M. trunk circle. Make sure that the ground is saturated with moisture to a depth of 40-50 cm.
Excess moisture leads to root rot and stunted growth.
Proper and regular pruning is a prerequisite for the growth and development of cherries. It is carried out in early spring before the buds awaken. This will enable the tree to recover before a period of active growth. To form a beautiful crown, a young tree is left with 8-10 branches growing in different directions. Sections are treated with garden pitch.
In subsequent years, branches more than 50 cm long are also cut off old patients. During the fruiting period of cherries, thinning is carried out, removing branches growing inside the crown, which thicken it. This procedure promotes better penetration of sunlight, which will ensure the formation of new fruit buds.
The first couple of years after planting, you do not need to worry about fertilizers, the cherry will have enough of those that were introduced during planting. Further, fertilizers are applied at the following frequency:
- organic (rotted manure) - every 3-4 years
- mineral (urea) - every 7 years.
Fertilizers are applied to young trees in the near-trunk circle, feeding of an adult garden is carried out throughout the entire plot.
Self-fertile varieties of cherries tie up to 40% of the fruits when pollinated with their own pollen. However, by planting another tree nearby, even of a different variety, you will significantly improve fruiting.
The tree should be regularly inspected for the presence of affected leaves and branches, this will protect the cherry from infection with fungal diseases. If damaged areas are found, they are removed, and the tree is treated with antibacterial drugs (Horus, HOM, Topaz).
Cherry Youth reviews of gardeners
Cherry Youth reviews of gardeners
Due to its high yield and excellent resistance to adverse weather conditions, Molodezhnaya cherry is becoming more and more popular among gardeners and summer residents. This variety is especially loved by housewives due to its dessert qualities and a wide range of uses in cooking, as well as excellent taste characteristics and attractive appearance of the fruit. Cherry fruits are consumed fresh, in addition, they are dried, frozen, used to make compotes, jams, preserves, jellies and candied fruits.
The Molodezhnaya cherry variety gives an excellent annual harvest, is highly resistant to frost and drought, is unpretentious in maintenance and will perfectly complement any orchard.
My Minx this year pleased me, the tree is three years old, the berry is large, tasty, but requires treatment for sores.
I have a very tasty Minx, I was also looking for a black and sweet one, I am very happy, only she bears fruit too early, just now it is necessary to harvest the harvest, but I would also like a July cherry.
The Chocolate Girl and the Minx were not frozen at all, but they did not produce any fruit this year.
Cherry Minx is a fruitful, early-growing variety with universal berries. Even a novice gardener can grow a tree without much difficulty. The main thing is to choose a healthy seedling, plant it correctly and provide proper annual care. Then, just 4 years later, the Minx cherry will present the gardener with an enviable harvest of delicious berries.