Dizigoteka - a beautiful decorative leafy houseplant native to Australia and Oceania. It is rare in modern homes. For some, she does not look so attractive, for others it seems that she is too demanding and capricious. Many have never seen her, and do not know anything about her. Nevertheless, it is a wonderful indoor flower that can decorate a windowsill in an apartment or office.
Dizigoteka is an elegant evergreen shrub with serrate leaves that are serrated at the edges. In most cases, they are black-brown in color. Certain species have copper-colored leaves.
Dizygoteka care at home
It is better to buy a dizygotek when the weather is clear and sunny. The plant does not tolerate sudden changes in temperature and drafts. Usually there are three plants in one pot. Since the dizigoteca in the store is in peat crumb, after purchase it must be transplanted immediately. It is better to purchase soil for the plant in a specialized flower shop. This type of soil is suitable for alocasia and dracaena. The soil should be nutritious, good for air and moisture. To avoid the appearance of root rot, a baking powder (expanded clay, vermiculite or charcoal) is added to the soil.
Home dizygotek is transplanted every two to three years. Transshipment is carried out in the spring, only to a new land. Young specimens need a larger pot, adult plants are left in the same container. When the roots are cramped, the plant develops better. When transplanting a dizygotek, care is taken not to damage the roots. Having previously watered with warm water, the old soil is gently crushed from the flower and placed in a new one. After transplanting, it is also watered with warm water. Adult plants do not overload. They just refresh the top layer.
To make the plant look more attractive, 2-3 small plants are planted in one pot. A pot with a large tree should be heavier as it can tip over.
Dizygoteka needs moderate regular watering. Excessive moisture can harm the plant. The soil in the pot will begin to acidify, the roots will rot and the flower will die. The plant is watered when the top layer of the earth dries up. Water for irrigation should be soft. Rainwater or well-separated water at room temperature will do. In summer, the amount of watering is increased, in winter, it is reduced. Discarded leaves indicate insufficient watering.
Top dressing, fertilization
Fertilizers are applied twice a month, during the period of intensive growth. You can also prepare a special spray solution by diluting the fertilizer in half with water. The plant loves a warm shower very much. If you take care of it properly, it will grow rapidly and delight you with its beauty.
Dizigoteka is a thermophilic tree that adapts perfectly to room temperature. When 18-28 ° C the plant will feel great. In winter, the air temperature in the room should not drop below 18 degrees, otherwise the plant will shed its leaves. With dry air and high temperatures in the house, the tips of the leaves of the plant will dry out. It should be borne in mind that the tree does not tolerate temperature extremes.
Dizygoteka must be kept in a special climate with high humidity. To make the tree feel comfortable, the crown is regularly sprayed with warm water. A pallet with wet pebbles or expanded clay is placed next to the pot. To maintain constant moisture, the soil is covered with moss on top.
The tree prefers bright diffused light. The light source must be constant. Otherwise, leaves may fall off. Oriental windows are suitable for the plant. On the north side, it will lack light; in the south and west, it will need shading. Daylight hours should last 10-12 hours, therefore phytolamps are used in winter and rainy days. Dizygoteka adapts well to artificial light.
In summer, the plant cannot be taken outside, it will not adapt, since it is intended for indoor cultivation. The scorching sun, heat and dry air will destroy the tree.
Dizygoteka refers to small-branched trees. As it matures, it loses its lower leaves and stretches upward. Without pruning, it will look like a palm tree. Pruning deep will help the plant stagnate and regenerate.
Pruning is carried out annually in early spring. If the mature plant is shortened, new shoots will begin to grow from the base of the trunk.
There are two ways to breed a dizigoteca. This procedure is carried out in the spring. Most often, the plant is propagated by seeds. A special substrate is prepared for them, consisting of a mixture of sand and peat. After sowing, the seedlings are covered with foil.
In some cases, apical cuttings are used to obtain a new plant. Without the use of phytohormones, they cannot be rooted. When planted in the ground, greenhouse conditions are created by heating the lower part of the container with the substrate. Rooting in boiled water with activated carbon is possible. In this case, the appearance of roots should be expected in 3-4 months.
Dizygoteka is extremely rarely attacked by pests. Dangerous for her are scale insects and thrips.
With proper care, the dizigoteka looks very beautiful, it grows 30-50 cm annually. An adult tree grows slowly. It will be able to decorate the living room, hall in an official institution. When kept in heat and moisture, there will be no problems with it.
Houseplants / Dizigoteka
Types of dizigothek with photos and names
The genus Dizigoteka has about 17 plant species. Of these, only 3-4 species are grown in indoor floriculture.
Refers to tree-like weakly branching evergreens. It has complex, palmate leaves located on long petioles. The number of dark green leaves ranges from 4 to 11. They have a linear shape, jagged edges. Nondescript small flowers are collected in umbellate inflorescences. Breeders have developed new varieties of this species. They have different colors and leaf sizes.
Outwardly, it is very similar to Dizygotek elegant, but its leaves are wide, with wavy edges.
Growing this flower is not difficult. One of the easiest ways to become the owner of this beautiful plant is to acquire a rhizome. You can buy rhizomes in online stores, on forums with breeders or garden centers.
Before purchasing planting material, evaluate its appearance. The rhizomes should not be lethargic, damaged, blackened, or dried to straw.
Rizomki ready for planting often have distinct sprouts. This suggests that the root has woken up from hibernation and can be safely planted in the ground.
Planting Achimenes rhizomes
Planting technology is simple: we prepare a container for planting. It can be a small container at the rate of one flower in one pot.
Also, Achimenes can be planted in groups of 3-5 rhizomes in one pot. But then the size of the landing tank should be larger. At the same time, we must remember that the root system of the plant is superficial and they do not need very deep pots.
We choose the soil rather loose, with a peat content. Or take ordinary soil and slightly loosen it with sand, perlite or vermicompost.
Good drainage is another prerequisite for the well-being of this handsome man. He does not tolerate flooding with water! We pour drainage on the bottom of the pot, lay the soil.
Rhizomes are laid on top of the ground in a horizontal position and covered with a layer of earth 2 cm thick. If the rhizomes are very tiny (this happens in some varieties), then the top layer of the earth should be thinner.
Next, the pot is placed in a bright place and covered with a greenhouse bag.
The first shoots will appear in 2-3 weeks. If achimenes does not germinate for a long time, then you can stimulate it with a single watering with warm water (50-60 degrees). Also, the plant may not germinate due to the uncomfortably low temperature, make sure it is at least 25 degrees Celsius.
After the stems germinate, we gradually remove the greenhouse for one to two days. One rhizome can give 2-3 stems, and in such a friendly crowd the sprouts come to the surface.
Achimenes planting video
You can see more details about the planting of the Ahimenes in this video.
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Disease and pest control
Like any other houseplant, sansevieria can get sick. Most problems are solvable if action is taken quickly.
The most common diseases of the pike tail:
- The formation of light spots on foliage. It is the result of direct sunlight on the flower. To avoid excessive drying, it is better to put the pot in a place with diffused light.
- Rotting leaves. Occurs due to the overflow of the flower. A radical measure to save sansevieria is transplantation into drier soil. In the future, it is recommended to carefully monitor soil moisture. To make this easier, you can purchase a special meter.
- Loss of color up to whitish color. Characterizes the appearance of a spider mite. To get rid of ill-wishers, you should wipe the mother-in-law's tongue with a damp cloth, and also sprinkle the surface with an insecticide.
- The appearance of gray-brown spots on the leaf. Indicate damage by thrips - small insects that are located on the inside of the leaves. To get rid of the pest, it is recommended to remove the inflorescences, if any. Spraying the plant must be carried out three times at weekly intervals. It is necessary to process not only the flower, but also the soil.
- Curved leaves of a yellowed color. They may indicate the settlement of a mealy worm that loves to live at the base of the pike's tail. The insect must be removed by hand, then treated with Malathion.
With proper, but not difficult care, the plant lives for a long time and decorates the interior with the greenery of its foliage. That is why sansevieria is becoming a favorite with most housewives.