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Photo: Achim Prill
In my garden there is a large tank, about 2 meters high, 2 m long and 1 m wide. What can I cover it with?
Response: Place a trellis along the side, 20–30 cm from the tank. If the place is shady, you can plant climbing hydrangea Hydrangea anomala ssp. petiolaris, a strong, durable and easy-to-grow climbing plant that can also be led down and act as a ground cover.
Large-leaved ivy Hedera hibernica is decorative both as a climbing plant and ground cover. If the place is sunny, try one climbing rose ‘Lichtkönigin Lucia’ (zone 4) on trellis that lights up with bright yellow flowers. In front, you can plant some roses 'Bonica' (zone 5) as ground cover, 'Bonica' gets in the bud stage light pink "marzipan roses". Both varieties are hardy, easy to grow and bloom all summer and well into autumn.
Abundant flowering on the barren mountain
High up on the ledges, stately rhododendron bushes spread out with flowers in shades of pink and red. In the humid area with more soil below the mountain, fungi and ostriches also grow.
Text: Ann-Christin Rosenholm
Photo: Dan Rosenholm (2004)
It is breathtaking to walk around Karin Wilhelmsson's mountain garden just south of Stockholm. Here, high above the road, lots of sun- and drought-loving plants spread out in the scarce soil between the rocks. Fields with plants in varying colors and shapes flow in and out of each other and all the time the mountain reappears as an upstart between them. There are not many flat surfaces. The plants seem to wave forward like waves over the hilly varied mountain. There is always something new to rest your eyes on. The richness of detail is great, but thanks to the fact that the plants are repeated and reappear in several different places, it still does not feel sketchy.
Rosalila and white thyme, Thymus serpyllum, dress the barren stone with its beautiful bloom.
The vegetation is spreading and you have to be careful when you get over the mountain. Even in the small irregular stone staircase, the plants have slipped in. The minimal footpaths consist of gravel where the mountain plants sow abundantly.
Steep and varied entrance hall
Already on winding gravel roads in the summer cottage area just south of Stockholm, you understand that there is a nice garden here, but you can not imagine how beautiful and how extensive. Down from the road, the mountain garden itself behind and above the small dark brown wooden house that clings along the mountainside in the way you so often see in mountainous areas in Southern Europe, but more rarely in Sweden.
So beautiful with onion Sempervivum and moss in the crevices! Chives are an excellent plant for places where there is almost no soil. A white-flowering broom and a self-sown birch plant make the composition even more charming.
The driveway winds a bit up towards the house and then changes to a rustic wooden staircase when the slope becomes too steep. After the stairs you reach a small flat lawn room where the entrance corridor turns into large irregular stone slabs laid out in the grass. Here you want to stop, look around and breathe a little. It is a beautiful little garden room with cozy walls of conifers, boulders and clematis on trellis. Through generous window-like openings in the trellis, you can see the lower lying road.
Stone upon stone as far as the eye can see and between them plants. Here in the solar gas, small-grown columbines, thyme, moss phlox, violet, lewisia and bulbs thrive.
- These are exclusively varieties of alpine clematis Alpine clematis which grows here, says Karin. In the beginning, I also tried to grow large-flowered clematis varieties, but they did not thrive further in the small soil volumes that are found here on the mountain. It was also difficult to get enough nutrients and water for these more demanding clematis species.
Via another wooden staircase, the entrance to the house continues. The change between soil material and the interaction with nature makes the hike exciting. Almost in front of the house, a long narrow wooden balcony extends to the right. On the inside, it is bordered by a narrow but lush flowerbed with climbing hydrangeas and perennials. On the outside are several beautifully worn wooden troughs filled with plants and peculiar limestones from Jämtland. If you walk along the gray wooden floor of the balcony, you come to a strongly sloping garden with grass, winding flower beds and large stones that form both a stream and dust. Even now you are completely captivated and yet there is the best thing left to discover: the rock garden that hides higher up.
The elongated wooden balcony connects the house with the steep slope of the front. To the right, blue mountain poppy, Meconopsis betonicifolia, English poppy, Meconopsis cambrica, alum root, Heuchera, and climbing hydrangea, Hydrangea anomala ssp. Petiolaris, thrive.
High above the house
We walk back along the balcony and walk a few more steps up, turn right and pass under the roof built over the protected patio next to the house. Another wooden staircase takes us up to the back of the house and suddenly we end up in the barren mountainous part of the garden which is located above the roof of the house. Here, in this environment that many would call inhospitable, plants thrive almost everywhere. Every rock crack or nook with soil is covered with plants and where there is no soil, there are plants in any case because many cultivated species send long shoots on top of the rocks that fetch water and nutrients in the soil some distance away. An abundance of a seldom seen kind.
Yellow fat bud, Sedum acre, sticks out its small flower buds between the flowering mats of thyme.
The secret behind it is an extensive work of sowing and planting plants that naturally thrive in the environment. Here, it is doomed to try roses, fungi and other garden plants with requirements for soil depth, nutrition and moisture. Drought-resistant perennials such as carnation, Dianthus gratianopolitanus, kalkjungfrulin, Polygala calcarea, backtimjan, Thymus serpyllum, backsippa, Pulsatilla vulgaris, and various types of skylights, Sempervivum, thrives, on the other hand, and sows profusely. Even so abundant that Karin has to clean up among them.
Backsippa, Pulsatilla vulgaris, peculiar seed stands are eye-catching even when the lovely flowering has ended in early summer. It grows about twenty centimeters high and blooms with large bells in purple, white, yellow or red shades.
- After knocking me over when I did not see where I put my feet for all the plants, it was a real cleansing, she says. Perennials that have sown themselves in the middle of the semi-natural small steps do look charming, but can be difficult when it is too much.
On Karin's mountains, a large number of species thrive in drought-resistant plants.
How delicious can conifers with conifers become. With cypress and yew as a background, the pine, Pinus mugo, long, gray-green needles become even more cool. The spruce on the left is an unusual variety called Taxus baccata ‘Amersfoort’, slow-growing, with broad needles.
- I do not know how many different it is. I have tried to count them, but it became so much that I did not have to continue. The important thing is to have fun in the garden and not how many different species you have, laughs Karin.
Since Karin accompanied a neighbor on a gardening course in 1979, interest has only increased and increased. Through membership in garden associations, she has been able to buy seeds and seedlings of things that are otherwise not so easy to get hold of. Since the garden is now well filled with plants, Karin no longer has as large seeds in progress as before. But it's so much fun to sow and pull out new plants that she still can not let go completely. Along the wooden railing in one of the places where the mountain falls the steepest, there are therefore several small pots with their own seeds lined up. All from the garden's own seed harvest.
- They are good to have on hand when someone who is interested in a certain plant appears, says Karin.
Namely, many people visit Karin's mountains, visits from garden associations and in July every year it is the Open Garden event that counts. Otherwise, it is in the spring and early summer that the garden is at its best. Then most of the plants bloom and the mountain is covered in an abundance of colors.
Rhododendron and azalea bushes among the trunks of the pine forest are a stunningly beautiful sight. Here they sow and hybridize so frequently that Karin occasionally has to clean among them.
Dramatic level differences
When we look over the railing behind the seeds, we look down into a part of the garden with a completely different character than the flowering mountain we are standing on. There, far below our feet, an abundance of rhododendrons and azaleas spreads between rocks and pine trunks. Like a lush garden ravine in the south of England. From up here it is more than ten meters down and the rock wall is in some places frighteningly steep. Nevertheless, Karin has managed to get into some ledges to plant rhododendrons, oxberries and heart bergenia among the natural vegetation.
Despite the fact that the ground slopes steeply away from the windows, Karin has managed to create a good contact between outside and inside. The slightly taller plants are clearly visible from inside the generous living room window and create a garden feeling even indoors.
Here on the steep cliff outside Stockholm there is an obvious and strong contact between the garden and the house despite the difficult conditions with a strong slope down from the house on the side where the large windows are located. Karin has achieved this by planting some larger conifers that stand up and connect the garden with the house. If the plants are only low when the ground slopes downwards away from the house, you do not get much to look at from inside the windows. Some tall plants that stand out from a lower level are also an effective way to connect the different levels in a hilly garden with each other. The different parts and levels slide imperceptibly into each other and become obvious parts of the common whole.
The pillar-shaped conifers create interest in the height and become an effective contrast to the low-growing flowering cushions on the mountain.
In Karin's garden, it is nature that dictates the conditions. The adaptation to it and the plants' requirements for habitat have been allowed to guide design and plant selection.
- It is often not possible to plant a plant where you have intended, but you can simply put it down where it is possible to dig a hole in the ground, says Karin.
Karin Wilhelmsson's best tips
This is truly a living example of how uniquely beautiful a garden can become, even in the toughest environments, if you work with nature instead of against it.
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Comments or questions are welcome.
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All pictures and all text are from Dan and Ann-Christin Rosenholm. We and our company Rosenholm greenrooms AB own the rights. Read often and often. If you want to do a screen dump to create a link, for example, it's okay. If you want to use materials for your own use or otherwise get in touch with us, you can use the contact box.
Get to know your weeds
If you, like us, do not use weed killers, it is especially good to understand how they grow and spread to have a chance to control them. There are mainly three weeds that our customers find most troublesome:
The quick root is a kind of grass and as the name suggests, it can spread very quickly if given the chance. When the narrow leaves protrude, they look quite innocent, but beneath the soil surface the long roots are hidden. Since a small piece of root is enough for the quick root to shoot new shoots, it is important to remove as much of the plant as possible when cleaning. For the same reason, it is not a good idea to use the cultivator in a country full of turnips. In the worst case, the cultivator divides the plant into reasonably large pieces that all shoot new shoots.
When we come to customers who have too much turnip, we usually advise them to replace the soil or make a new garden land with new soil elsewhere in the garden.
The reef buttercup is perennial and one of the plants that starts very early in the season. It spreads rapidly with many shoots sitting above ground.
The reef buttercup is easier to control than the quick root, but it is still important to help clean so that it does not take over. The roots are gathered directly under the plant and are quite firmly anchored so it can be good to have a small shovel or a grip to get the plant up.
The horsetail is also called the fox butt, which is a pretty good description of this bushy plant. This is perhaps the most troublesome weed. This is mainly due to the fact that they spread with long earth trunks that can go very deep into the ground. So even if you dig out the weeds, the plant can shoot new shoots from below. Roots and stems are also dark and thin and can be difficult to detect when cleaning.
In early spring, horsetail shoots pale shoots without chlorophyll. At the top of these stems, spores are formed which are another effective way for the plant to spread. Later come the green shoots. Look out for both the pale, asparagus-like shoots and the green ones and remove them as soon as you see them! At best, you can tire out the weeds before they have time to establish themselves properly.
Storramsen Polygonatum multiflorum, or the giant frame Polygonatum x hybridum (cross between storrams and getrams) adorns the garden grove from April when it unscrews its beautiful leaves from the ground until autumn when the leaves slowly wither into yellow shades.
The white bells that hang under waist-high, gay-curved stems give the plant a skirt impression, but it is robust as few where it thrives. I have never noticed any vermin or other problems, it just is. An old Swedish name is Kungskonvalj.
I got a piece of root from a large stand that grew in a relative's allotment garden, and now it fills large areas in my green oasis and shimmering grove. It spreads slowly and draws to the places it thrives best, in partial shade among ferns, hazelnuts and musk.
Every year I take in a bunch of stems that grow up in less well-chosen places and let them adorn a very narrow green vase.
Are mosquitoes a nightmare? Here are 8 common plants that will help you keep them away
Summer is a beautiful season, but like every year it comes with friends. If you have a garden, or are out in the beautiful and green, it is inevitable not to notice them, the MOSQUITOES: along with the hot humid summer, will the mosquitoes. There are other and better ways than sprays and mosquito repellents to get rid of them, with the help of the plant kingdom! Some plants actually work as a natural remedy, so they should be placed at home or in your garden so you can enjoy the summer with these annoying insects at a safe distance!
The first on the list is obviously her: always used in candles, and today even in natural sprays, citronell is powerful deterrent to mosquitoes! It really gives a lemon scent, mild and pleasant for our noses but unbearably unpleasant for mosquitoes, so that they stay far away. In addition, citronell is a fairly powerful plant: if protected from frost, it can bloom next summer!
If you already have some basil to use in the kitchen, you can now add other plants, and not just to prepare spaghetti with pesto: basil is an excellent anti-mosquito repellent, not kind to the larvae. It is therefore useful to plant it near water sources where mosquitoes lay eggs, it helps drastically reduce the number.
Herbal medicine with countless positive properties for our health, the marigold has an intense scent which disturbs not only mosquitoes, but many other types of pests such as moths and aphids. It is advisable to plant it in the garden (if you have any), but also in flower beds, patio and entrance, given the beauty of its flowers!
This is "Nepeta cataria", a variant of the classic grass for cats, which they love. And if they love it, how can we not appreciate it too? Especially considering that catnip acts as a natural barrier against mosquitoes, ten times more effective than a chemical! Easy to care for, however, it is very invasive: it is therefore good to keep the plant under control while keeping the mosquitoes under control. Loved by your cat!
Widespread among plant lovers for its variety of flowers, keeps mosquitoes away thanks to its lemon scent. It grows lush, especially in hot, dry and sunny climates, but can also adapt to colder temperatures.
Used mainly as a spice, the scent of rosemary is well known to both us and mosquitoes, but with different effects, because they avoid it, and are not the only ones. Rosemary is in fact useful to talso remove other types of harmful insects, another reason to plant it in your garden!
Its fresh sharp scent is undebar during the night in summer, but not for mosquitoes and other insects. It is also very effective in eliminating larvae and eggs. Indispensable, therefore, in your garden!
Its romantic appearance instead hides a ruthless fighter against mosquitoes and other insects, for its (undeniable, for us) smell. Another way to take advantage of its features is to rub the flowers directly on the skin. With beautiful effect, it can be planted wherever you want, but keep an eye on the plants: it can actually spread very quickly.
Garden in 20s style
By Icakuriren, Published 2001-10-22 00:00, updated 2015-11-23 14:13
Garden in 20s style
Oh there are lots of plants that fit there. I suggest that you borrow books from the library and read about the plants this winter. Think about what you want and like, in 1924 most of our perennials and shrubs were in the gardens. Shrubs are available for all conditions and with flowering at different times in the summer, they do not require much care. Speaking of drainage: do not plant closer to the house than half to one meter! Put an edge of shingle there. It gets too dry and well drained for all kinds of plants so close to the house.
Also remember to have plants that climb up the walls (they also planted a bit out). It gives a cozy impression. Plant in groups rather than a bush and a tree here. Make rounded flower beds and feel free to divide the garden into "rooms" with hedges, planks or shrubs. It's exciting to see what's hiding behind it! You can also imagine a frame of, for example, shrubs and small trees around the plot or at some plot boundary. Preferably shrubs that both have a flowering period in spring or early summer and then give beautiful autumn colors.
Read a lot, feel free to draw and do not be afraid to try. All gardeners make mistakes. You learn a lot from them.
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