Climbing azarina: planting and care in the open field, growing by seeds, photo

Climbing azarina: planting and care in the open field, growing by seeds, photo

Garden plants

Azarina (lat.Asarina), or maurandia (lat.Maurandia) Is a climbing perennial flowering plant of the Plantain family, but some sources attribute asarin to the Norichnikov family. There are about 15 species in the genus. The plant originates from Mexico, California and the middle part of the United States, however, since the 17th century, the popularity of asarin has grown so much that it has spread to all continents.
In the conditions of the middle zone, the perennial liana asarin is grown as an annual. It is used primarily for vertical gardening.

Planting and caring for asarin

  • Landing: sowing seeds for seedlings - in February, planting seedlings in open ground - in mid-May.
  • Bloom: from late June to September.
  • Lighting: bright sunlight in the morning, and from noon - diffused light or partial shade.
  • The soil: loose, breathable, well-drained, neutral loamy soils.
  • Watering: frequent and plentiful, in heat and drought - twice a day, in the mornings and evenings.
  • Top dressing: once every 7-10 days with a solution of mineral fertilizer with a predominant content of phosphorus and potassium. A solution of chicken manure can be used.
  • Reproduction: seed.
  • Pests: aphid.
  • Diseases: blackleg.

Read more about growing asarin below.

Botanical description

Asarina climbing has strongly branching stems, reaching a length of 3 to 7 m. With the help of thin twisting petioles, the stems cling to the support. The leaves of the asarin are rich green, small, glabrous or velvety, whole-edged or toothed, rounded-triangular, with a sharp top and heart-shaped at the base. Single large tubular axillary flowers of asarin are located throughout the stem up to its apex. Flowers are most often painted in purple, pink or purple, sometimes plants with flowers of white or yellow color, and even less often - bicolor. Flowering begins in late June and ends in September. Asarin fruit is a capsule consisting of two cells filled with small pointed seeds.

Growing asarina climbing from seeds

How to sow seeds

Growing asarina climbing begins with sowing seeds for seedlings. For the plant to bloom in June, you need to sow seeds in winter, 10-12 weeks before planting seedlings in open ground. The composition of the substrate for asarin should consist of equal parts of peat, sand, leafy earth and humus. Before sowing, the soil is disinfected in the microwave for 10 minutes, turning it on at full power, after which it is spilled with a strong hot solution of potassium permanganate and left for a day.

The container is filled with moist, loose soil mixture, the asarin seeds are spread over the surface, pressed, sprinkled with a layer of calcined sand 5 mm thick and sprayed from a spray bottle. Crops are covered with foil or glass and kept at a temperature of 15-20 ºC, daily removing the foil for 2-3 hours for ventilation. If no shoots appear within a month, the cups with the crops are placed in the cold for four weeks, after which they are again transferred to the heat.

Seedling care

After the emergence of seedlings, the film is removed, and the crops are moved closer to the light. When the seedlings develop 2-3 leaves, they are dived into separate peat pots.

The cut plants need good lighting and regular watering, and 10 days after the pick, the seedlings are fed with a solution of a complex mineral fertilizer, for example, Ideal. After another two weeks, Agricola's solution is added to the substrate. In the future, the quality of top dressing will depend on the development of the plant: if the leaves are pale or small, then it is advisable to add nitrogen to the substrate, and if the seedlings lag behind in growth, then it will need potassium and phosphorus.

Before planting in open ground, the seedlings are hardened for two weeks: they are taken out daily in the open air, gradually increasing the duration of the sessions until the seedlings get used to the conditions in which they are to grow.

Planting asarina climbing in the garden

When to plant

Asarin is planted in open ground when warm weather is finally established, that is, in the second half of May. The asarin flower is thermophilic, so it should be planted in well-lit places protected from drafts and cold winds. However, at noon, when the sun does not heat, but burns, asarina should be in partial shade. The soil for the plant is preferable to be loose, breathable and well-drained. Asarin grows best on neutral loamy soils.

How to plant

For normal growth and development of asarine requires at least 60 cm² of area, so seedling holes should be spaced 60 cm apart. When planting, you must immediately install the supports - for this purpose, a vertically stretched metal wire or a metal mesh with medium-sized cells is best suited. As soon as the seedlings take in and get stronger, they are tied to the supports.

Asarin care

Growing conditions

On hot summer days, the moisture-loving asarin will have to be watered twice a day - in the mornings and evenings. It is also advisable to spray the asarin with warm boiled water at the same time. You will also have to loosen the ground around it and remove weeds. To reduce moisture loss and reduce the amount of weeds, it is advisable to cover the surface around the asarin with peat.

Asarina care involves regular feeding. In order to ensure long-term flowering, from the moment the first flowers appear, it will be necessary to introduce mineral complexes with a predominant content of potassium and phosphorus into the soil once every 7-10 days. The plant responds well to a solution of chicken droppings. For the same purpose, wilted flowers should be removed from the plant.

Pests and diseases

During the seedling period, asarina can suffer from a fungal disease of the black leg, or rot of the root collar. The disease affects plants from the moment the seeds germinate until 2-3 leaves appear on them: the root collar of the diseased seedling darkens, a black constriction forms on it, after a few days the stem in this place softens, breaks, and the plant lays down. As soon as a disease is detected, all healthy seedlings should be immediately transplanted into a new disinfected substrate, put in a warm place and shaded from the sun. Add fungicide to the water for irrigation - Maxim, Baktofit or Fitosporin in accordance with the instructions. Affected seedlings can no longer be saved - they must be disposed of.

The most dangerous pest of asarin is the aphid, a sucking insect that feeds on the plant's cell sap. It sucks sap from stems, leaves, buds, flowers and even from buds, which causes all terrestrial organs to twist and deform. A sooty fungus settles on the sugary secretions of aphids. Aphids are destroyed by treating the plant with insecticides - Fufanon, or Karbofos, Bankol, Akarin or Aktellik. To defeat the pest, one treatment may not be enough, therefore, after 7-10 days, spraying the asarin with an insecticide solution will have to be repeated.

Types and varieties

Climbing Azarina (Asarina scandens)

Most often, asarina climbing (Asarina scandens = Asarina semperflorens = Usteria scandens) is grown in a garden culture, a description of which we gave at the beginning of the article. The best varieties of this type are:

  • Bridges White - a plant with white flowers;
  • Joan Lorraine - variety with dark purple flowers;
  • Mystic rose - variety with bright pink flowers;
  • Red Dragon - the flowers of this variety are blood-red or scarlet;
  • Sky Blue Is a medium-sized blue-flowered plant.

In addition to climbing asarina, in the gardens there are:

Azarina prostrate (Asarina procumbens = Antirrhinum asarina)

A plant from the southwest of France and the northeast of Spain. In culture, the most common cultivated variety is the spreading Sierra Nevada asarina - its fleecy shoots extend horizontally. Triangular, serrated, up to 6 cm long, light green leaves of plants of this species are attached to long pubescent cuttings. Tubular flowers up to 4 cm long are painted in a soft yellow color. The plant can withstand short-term frosts down to -15 ºC;

Azarina antirrhiniflora (Asarina antirrhiniflora)

The shoots of this plant reach a length of 1.5 to 2.5 m, its leaves are small, heart-shaped, flowers are elongated tubular bells up to 3 cm long of intense red, sky blue, white or light purple color. The pharynx of flowers is always spotted. Asarina antirrino-flowering blooms from early summer to frost;

Azarina Barclaiana

A branchy liana native to Mexico, growing in length up to 3.5 m. Its leaves are heart-shaped with a sharp top, bell-shaped flowers up to 7 cm long are painted in crimson, pink or lilac colors, while the pharynx is always light;

Azarina blushing (Asarina erubescens)

A creeping plant, the length of the branches of which can reach 3.5 m, and along the support it rises to a height of 120 cm. The leaves are velvety, heart-shaped, up to 8 cm long. Tubular flowers up to 7 cm long are painted in a pale pink color, the throat of the flowers is white, spotted;

Azarina purpusa (Asarina purpusii)

A plant with a large number of thin spreading stems only 30-40 cm long. Leaves are cordate, up to 5 cm long, with a pointed tip. The flowers are funnel-shaped with a tube about 5 cm long, they have a pleasant light purple or carmine color;

Azarina wislizenii

This plant has large flowers of a blue or light purple hue, while the Red Dragon variety has bright red flowers.

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the family Plantain
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Information about Garden Plants
  6. Information on Perennial Plants
  7. Information about Vines

Sections: Garden plants Perennials Flowering Lianas Plants on A Plantains


Cleoma: planting and care outdoors

At the height of summer, cleoma blooms in lush bloom on flower beds in middle latitudes - a plant that grows in all countries with a temperate and warm climate. It is simply impossible to remain indifferent to this unusual beauty: powerful bushes, crowned with original carpal inflorescences, like a magnet, attract admiring glances. What does cleoma look like? The answer depends on your imagination. Pedantic Germans call it nothing more than a spider plant. More romantic flower growers compare bright cleoma brushes with champagne splashes, exotic butterflies or colorful fountains - not a flower, but a real holiday.

The only drawback of this charming girl is its strange, specific aroma, which attracts natural pollinators in nature - miniature bats. However, do not let it scare you: in the garden, in the open air, the smell of cleoma is practically not felt, but it scares away numerous parasitic insects from the flower garden.


Features of growing a flower from seeds

The process of growing climbing asarin from seeds is very long, so the preparation begins in winter, at the beginning of January. In this case, it will be possible to catch the flowering already in July, and if you are late with the time of sowing, you will have to wait for the next year: for their growth and development rates, some gardeners call this vine lazy behind their backs. Before the flower is moved into open ground (if planned) or its distribution in large flowerpots and eviction to an open loggia, at least 10 weeks should pass from the day of sowing, and this period for a number of reasons may increase. In particular, the issue of seed germination deserves attention: they begin to germinate only after 21-25 days, but delays are not uncommon.

Experienced gardeners recommend not to be scared if, even after 27-30 days, no shoots appear in the containers: this does not mean the death of the seeds. You can try the effect of a kind of "shock therapy": move the cups to the refrigerator for a month, then take them out and send them back to the heat. If the seeds were in a dormant state, such a move will contribute to their awakening. However, it should be noted that this is the only moment when the asarina climbing will accept the cold favorably.

The plant does not like picking, etc., transplanting, therefore, experts advise immediately sowing azarina one by one, 1-2 seeds for 1 container. Moreover, it is best to use not plastic cups, but peat cups, or form containers from foil or cardboard. This method will allow, after the development of the root system, to remove the seedling with the earth from the container without damaging the roots. And peat pots do not even need to be removed - they will decompose in the soil and contribute to additional nutrition. Some gardeners resort to another trick: they plant seeds in pieces of sphagnum moss: in addition to killing the need for further transplanting (just placing the moss in the ground), it speeds up the growth of asarin, and seedlings appear and gain strength faster.

The substrate is made up of a traditional all-purpose mixture of garden soil with sand and peat, with a small amount of pebbles on the bottom of the pots to prevent moisture retention. The seeds are laid on the surface and covered with very little earth: too dense an overlapping layer will not allow them to break through. Leave containers for waiting for shoots in a warm, shaded place, free from drafts. The most optimal temperature for germinating climbing asarin is 19-20 degrees, and it can be transferred to open ground at the end of May, when any threat of frost will disappear from the horizon.

Read also:


Nerine breeding tips

Usually, to please themselves with such an unusual plant as a spider lily, they use the seed method or planting bulbs.

Reproduction of nerine using seeds. This method is quite complicated and it will be difficult for a novice florist to cope with it, since it is used in the industrial cultivation of Guernsey lilies. This is due to the fact that the percentage of sown seeds that will sprout is quite low, and seedlings will not appear quickly. Seeds must be sown immediately after the ripe fruit pods are harvested. For this, separate peat cups are used, filled with soil mixture intended for seedlings. Some people use vermiculite instead of a substrate.

The distribution of nerine seeds is carried out on the surface of the soil, but you should not bury them in the soil mixture. The distance between seeds must be 2–3 cm if a seedling box was used instead of individual pots. After sowing, the seeds are sprayed from a finely dispersed spray bottle with water at room temperature. Containers with crops are covered with plastic transparent film or a piece of glass is placed on top.

When sowing is carried out, the room temperature should remain at 22-24 degrees. For successful germination, heat readings should not be lowered. Crop maintenance will consist of maintaining a constant, slightly moist soil and aeration every day for 10-15 minutes. If everything goes well, then after a month you can see the first shoots of nerine. Then the shelter can be removed, and the seedlings should be transferred to a cooler room, with a temperature of about 18 degrees. When a couple of leaves unfold on the seedling, it is recommended to transplant in separate containers and continue to grow seedlings.For three years, such young Cape lilies need to be grown without a dormant period, that is, watering should always remain regular and moderate, and it is not recommended to put the plants out in the cold. Only when this period has expired can the spider lily be transplanted into the garden.

Reproduction of nerine bulbs. Usually, daughter bulbs - babies - can form next to the mother spider lily bulb during the growing season. When, after a 4–5 year period, it is necessary to carry out a transplant, then it can be combined with separation. Children should be placed in separate pots with nutrient soil for a maximum of a couple of pieces and grown. Such young Cape lilies will bloom no earlier than 3-4 years from planting. The substrate for planting babies can be used as for the mother plant. Containers should not be selected large. Their diameter should be such that no more than 2-3 cm remains between the planted bulb and the wall of the pot. Only such a trick will allow the lily to start blooming, and not to grow new baby bulbs. Young lilies of Guernsey will bloom after planting only after 2-3 years.


Diseases and pests when growing asarin

When grown in open ground, the plant can be affected by fungal diseases (black leg) or decay of the root collar. If symptoms are detected, an urgent transplant into a sterile soil is carried out, watered with water with a fungicide dissolved in it. If the asarina is still severely affected, then she dies.

A pest that brings problems is aphid, spider mite. In this case, spraying with insecticides is performed.

If the foliage is pale, then this is how the maurandia reacts to the lack of nitrogen; when inhibition in growth, preparations with calcium and phosphorus are needed. The foliage began to dry out at the tips or brown spots formed - a sunburn occurred.


Landing in open ground

When warm weather finally settles, asarin is planted in open ground. This usually happens in the second half of May. The asarin flower is thermophilic, so it should be planted in well-lit places protected from drafts and cold winds. However, in the midday hours, when the sun is burning strongly, the asarina should be in partial shade. The soil for the plant is preferable to be loose, breathable and well-drained.

Asarin grows best on neutral loamy soils. For normal growth and development of asarine requires at least 60 cm² of area, so seedling holes should be spaced 60 cm apart.

When planting, you should immediately install the supports; for this, a vertically stretched metal wire or a mesh with cells is suitable. As soon as the seedlings take in and get stronger, they are tied to the supports.

Care during the growing season

On hot summer days, the moisture-loving asarin will have to be watered twice a day - in the mornings and evenings. It is advisable to spray the plant with warm boiled water. In addition, you will have to loosen the soil around it and remove weeds. To reduce moisture loss, it is advisable to cover the surface around the asarin with peat. When the shoots grow to 7-8 cm, you can begin the procedure for pinching the shoots. This must be done several times, and then the plant will grow lush and bushy.

Mineral dressing and fertilizers

Plant care involves regular feeding. From the moment the first flowers appear, it is recommended to introduce mineral complexes with a predominant content of potassium and phosphorus into the soil once a week. The plant responds well to a solution of chicken manure. Withered flowers should be removed from the plant regularly.


How to grow Gaillardia video

Before winter, after planting in the ground, you need to cut off the leaves and stems of the plant as much as possible so that it does not freeze. The next year, after the flowering season, the bush will be strong enough to endure frost without additional care.

Gaillardia is a beautiful flower that requires virtually no maintenance, suitable for growing in flower beds and borders

"Beautiful chamomile" attracts attention with its unusual color and long flowering. Even a novice amateur gardener can handle this plant.

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